Guten
Tag
Bonjour
Good
Morning
Buongiorno
Добрый
дењ
Languages of Europe
SS6G11 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of Europe
a. Explain the diversity of European languages as seen in a comparison of German, English, Russian,
French, and Italian
•
•
•
•
Europe is slightly larger than the US in land area
Europe’s population is more than double the US
In the US, English is the dominant language
Europe is different. It is home to more than 200
languages
Most European languages are in 3 main categories
• Germanic Languages
• Romance Languages
• Slavic Languages
Germanic Language Group
• Has most native speakers
• Native speakers live mostly in northwest
and central Europe
• About 20% of Europeans speak English
or German as their native language
• Most Europeans learn English
as a second language
in their schools
Romance Language Group
• This group includes French and Italian
• These are found in the south and west of
Europe
• These languages come from Latin, the
language of the Roman Empire
• The Roman alphabet is used to write
Romance and Germanic languages
Slavic Language Group
• This includes Russian. Which is the most
widely spoken Slavic language
• They are found in central and eastern Europe
• They are written with a Cyrillic Alphabet
The Problems with Multiple Languages
• It is difficult to live, work, and trade with
people who cannot communicate with
each other
• Most schoolchildren learn one or two
other languages besides their own
• The European Union
have 23 “official”
languages to make
sure laws and
decisions are
understood
• Special laws exist to
protect languages
spoken by only a few
people
http://tts.imtranslator.net/I1SX
• Lee: Do you
understand the
words that are acoming out of my
mouth?
• Carter: Don’t nobody
understand the
words that are comin’
out of your mouth
Your Task
Copy the following sentences. Then Write G for
Germanic, R for Romance, and S for Slavic.
• This language is spoken in the United States.
• This language is spoken in the country that is
shaped like a boot.
• This language uses an alphabet based of
Greek letters.
• People who speak this language live directly
south of the United Kingdom.
• This language is in the same family as English.
Your Task
Answers:
1. Germanic: English
2. Romance: Italian
3. Slavic: Russian
4. Romance: French
5. Germanic: German
RELIGIONS OF EUROPE
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Christianity
What’s your Religion?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Judaism
Founder/Central Figure:
Abraham
Holy Book: Torah
Followers: Jews
Place of Worship:
Synagogue
Faith is the historical
foundation for Christianity
and Islam
Many followers live what
use to be the Soviet Union
Oldest religion
Christianity
• Founder/Central Figure:
Jesus Christ
• Holy Book: Bible
• Followers: Christians
• Place of Worship:
Church
• Dominate Religion of
Europe
• France, Spain, and Italy
follow this religion
• Most Russians follow this
religion
What’s your Religion?
•
•
•
•
•
•
Islam
Founder/Central Figure:
Muhammad
Holy Book: Qur’an/Koran
Followers: Muslims
Place of Worship:
Mosque
Fastest-growing religion in
Europe
Followers believe
Muhammad with the last of
the prophets
ALIKE
• MONOTHEISTIC
• Abraham is the patriarch
• Holy book
• Specific place of worship
• Different view of Jesus
Christ
• Share some holy sites
Task: J for Judaism, C for Christianity,
and I for Islam
• This faith is the historical foundation for
Christianity and Islam.
• This faith is the dominate religion in Europe
• France, Spain, and Italy follow this religion
• This religion is the fastest-growing
• Most Russians follow this religion0
• Muhammad founded this religion
QUESTIONS
• Which is the oldest of the three main
religions of Europe?
A. Islam
• B. Judaism
• C. Christianity
• D. Roman Catholic
ANSWERS
• B. Judaism
QUESTIONS
• Which religion is growing at the fastest
rate?
• A. Islam
• B. Sunni
• C. Judaism
• D. Christianity
ANSWER
• A. Islam
QUESTIONS
•
•
•
•
How are the three religions alike?
A. They can worship several grades.
B. They can each worship only one god.
C. Each of the three religions is getting
smaller.
• D. They each use a sacred text known as
the five books of Moses.
ANSWER
• B. They each worship only one god.
QUESTIONS
• Which pairing of sacred text and religion
is correct?
• A. Protestant-Bible
• B. Christianity – Talmud
• C. Shiite Muslim – Torah
• D. Orthodox Judaism- Koran
ANSWER
• A. Protestant-Bible
The Literacy Rate
IN EUROPE
SS6G11 The student will describe the cultural
characteristics of Europe.
Literacy
• The ability to read and write
• High literacy rates are usually found in
industrialized countries such as the
United States and most of Europe.
INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES
• Focus more on manufacturing than
farming.
• These professions require
communication skills.
• The increased wealth of these countries
allows them to provide education,
healthcare, and technology.
• High standard of living.
LITERACY RATE
• Third-World Countries- countries that are
still developing.
• Depend on farming
• Fewer people can read and write
• Education, healthcare, and jobs are not
readily available
• Poor
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
• The total value of the final goods and
services produced in a country one year
divided by the population.
LITERACY AND PER CAPITA GDP
COUNTRY
LITERACY RATE
PER PERSON
GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT
UNITED KINGDOM
99%
$35,100
FRANCE
99%
$33,000
RUSSIA
99%
$14,700
GERMANY
99%
$33,200
ITALY
98%
$30,400
QUESTIONS
•
•
•
•
•
People in third world countries have
A. the best jobs
B. little education
C. a higher literacy rate
D. a greater standard of living
ANSWER
• B. little education
QUESTIONS
• A literate person in a developed country
is most likely to have all EXCEPT which
item?
• A. health care
• B. technology
• C. a high paying job
• D. uneducated children
ANSWER
• D. Uneducated children
Task
• The standard of living is determined by?
• Literacy is the ability to?
• A country with a high literacy rate
typically has a high ?
• The literacy rate and standard of live in
Europe are?
Credits
• Text adapted from Georgia CRCT Test Prep 6th Grade
Social Studies, Teaching the Georgia Performance
Standards, Clairmont Press, Atlanta, Georgia
• Images retrieved from www.google.com/images. 1012-11
• Image retrieved from
http://www.moviebase.info/1008/Rush-Hour/RushHour-55.jpg. 10-16-11
• Quote retrieved from
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0266915/quotes?qt=qt0319
121. 10-16-11
• http://text-to-speech.imtranslator.net/speech.asp
•
Title Slide: Good Morning from left to right – Germany, French, English, Italian, Russian
Download

Religion, Language, and Literacy