BACK TO THE BASICS
USING SUFFIX ENDINGS
LC2 WEEK 5-2009
Addressing Needs. Arkiel Brown
The suffix -al
What is a suffix? What does it do?
RULE: A suffix is a group of letters added at the end of a
word.
A common suffix is –al. Adding –al changes a noun into an
adjective.
-al can mean for or of. The drum is a (musical) instrument.
The drum is a instrument of/for music.
Notice how the noun follows the adjective with the –al ending.
Example: accident } accidental
Nouns the have the letter ‘e’ at the end,
should be changed. Drop the ‘e’ before
adding a vowel like –al.
BRIDE
FESTIVE
REMOVE
SPINE
Use the new words to complete the sentences.
a) The ………………..van took the furniture to the new house.
b) The bride bought a dress in the ………….shop.
c) Jenny was in the hospital with a …………..injury.
d) Diwali is a ……………..of lights.
The common suffixes –ship, -hood, -ness
and -ment
RULE: When you add –ness to a word ending in –y, change the y to i.
Example: Silly } Silliness
Owner + ship = ownership
Child + hood = childhood
Govern + ment = government
Fit + ness = fitness
-ness can mean, to be in that condition.
Fitness = to be fit. Ahmed has joined a fitness club.
Readiness = to be ready. Ali is in a state of readiness.
What do you think the other suffixes mean?
Practice: add –al to change the words
below. Write a sentence using each word.
1. MUSIC –MUSICAL: Kim has a musical bird.
2. SEASON
3. NATION
4. PERSON
5. ORIGIN
6. TROPIC
7. ADDITION
8. MAGIC
9. COMIC
Practice: add –ness to change the words
below. Write a sentence using each word.
1. BOSSY
2. FULL
3. MESSY
4. TRICKY
5. LIGHT
6. GIDDY
7. FAT
8. NASTY
9. SAD
10.BRIGHT
REVIEW, REFLECT & PREPARE
NOW, REMEMBER WHEN SPELLING A WORD, TRY TO FIND THE WORDS
YOU RECOGNISE INSIDE THE WORD YOU ARE SPELLING ALSO, COUNT THE
SYLLABLES AND SPELL THE SOUNDS YOU HEAR IN EACH SYLLABLE.
EXAMPLE: SEMIGOVERNMENTALLY EQUIPPED
1 ..2….3…….4…….5……..6…7 1…2
SE/MI/GOV/ERN/MEN/TAL/LY E/QUIPPED
YOU KNOW WORDS LIKE GOVERN, MEN, MENT, TALLY.
USING THIS METHOD WILL TAKE BIG WORDS AND MAKE THEM SEEM
SMALL.
REFLECT ON THE WORDS COVERED IN THIS PPT & PREPARE FOR
YOUR TEACHER TO GIVE YOU DICTATION. THERE WILL BE WORDS
FROM YOU VOCABULARY LIST.
http://a4esl.org/q/h/9704/jj-suffixes.html
FOLLOW THIS LINK FOR MORE PRACTICE.
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BACK TO THE BASICS USING SUFFIX ENDINGS