SEXUAL ASSAULT AND VIOLENCE EDUCATION DIRECTIVE (S.A.V.E.D.) Presented by Robert Bedell, Daniel Fox, Caleb Lesley, & Bradley Wolfe University of Central Missouri MISSION STATEMENT • To inform the campus population about sexual assault awareness and educate students about preventative measures to protect the campus population against sexual crimes • Creating a fair and just campus community • Committed to educating students on the facts in regards to the severity and frequency of sexual crimes • Establish a campus wide initiative for preventing sexual assault via departmental collaboration throughout the university • Develop a sense of community responsibility in regards to preventing sexual misconduct CREATING AND CLAIMING VALUE • We will strive to make this campaign a main focal point on our campus • Buy in is crucial from both internal and external stakeholders • Reach out to alumni for financial support and for them to assist in supporting out sexual misconduct initiatives • Supply empirical data to create buy in from key stakeholders • Develop buy in from the board of governors and president of the institution BUDGETING • • • • • • • Fiduciary duty act in the best interest of the institution Explore grant opportunities available from national organizations Seek state and federal funding Consult with Vice President for Student Affairs Student programming fees Contact alumni and supporters of the university to seek financial assistance Fundraising • Sexual crime awareness wristbands • Jeopardy game show set up with trivia pertaining to facts about sexual crimes to assist in eliminating myths on campus • Do more with the resources we already have available STUDENT DEVELOPMENT THEORY • Kohlberg's stages of moral reasoning • Stage 1= Heteronomous Morality- this stages signifies obeying by the rules just to avoid punishment • Stage 4= Social system morality- The individual views rules and procedures as applying to all individuals within the society equally • Stage 5= Human rights and Social Welfare Morality- The individual evaluates rules and procedures in regards to how the rule/procedure promotes welfare and protects rights and values Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido F.M., Patton, L.D., & Renn, K.A. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. APPLICATION OF LAW • Tort Law/Liability- a tort, in common law jurisdictions is a civil wrong which unfairly causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act • FERPA will be applied to protect the identities of those involved from the campus community involved in any sexual crimes • Nero v. Kansas State University • A female student was sexually assaulted in a coed residence hall by a fellow student living in the residence hall • The male had previously been accused of raping another student on campus • The female claimed the university had a special duty to protect her • The university was found responsible on the legal basis of foreseeability COUNCIL FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF STANDARDS (CAS) • Non-malfeasance – do no harm • Create environments that are educational and supportive of the growth and development of the whole person • Interact in ways that promote positive outcomes • Collaborate with others for the good of those whom we serve. • Justice • Actively promote human dignity and endorse equality and fairness for everyone • Treat others with respect and fairness, preserving their dignity, honoring their differences, and promoting their welfare • Extend fundamental fairness to all persons • Affiliation • Create environments that promote connectivity • Promote authenticity, mutual empathy, and engagement within human interactions CONSENT DEFINED • Consent is when someone agrees, gives permission or says yes to sexual activity with someone else. It is always freely given and both people in a sexual situation must feel that s/he is able to say “yes” or “no” at ANY point during sexual activity. • At the heart of the idea of consent is the idea that every person, man or woman, has the right to personal sovereignty – not to be acted upon by someone else in a sexual manner unless he or she gives clear permission to do so. • Consent to one form or sexual activity does not automatically imply consent to other forms of sexual activity. • Consent means you can’t make assumptions about what your partner does or does not want. Absence of clear signals means that you CAN’T touch someone else, not that you CAN. Handeyside, A. and Wickliffe, S. (2009). Striving for Justice: A Toolkit for Judicial Resolution Officers on College Campuses. Responding to Sexual Assault and Dating and Domestic Violence. CONSENT DEFINED • Respect for another member of the community is an expectation that all members are expected to uphold at all times, including in the context of sexual interaction. Respect means paying heed to verbal and nonverbal cues, desires, boundaries, and behaviors of others. • There are circumstances, as well, where even when consent is given, it is not valid. Consent would be invalid when forced, threatened, intimidated, coerced, when given by a mentally or physically incapacitated person, or when given by a minor. • No means no, but nothing also means no. Silence and passivity do not equal permission. • Consent can be withdrawn at any time. • If you get a “no” and keep right on pressuring and continuing to interact sexually, you run the risk that your behaviors are a coercive influence on the other party. Handeyside, A. and Wickliffe, S. (2009). Striving for Justice: A Toolkit for Judicial Resolution Officers on College Campuses. Responding to Sexual Assault and Dating and Domestic Violence. COERCION DEFINED • Coercion is a tactic used by perpetrators to intimidate, trick or force someone to have sex with him/her without physical force. • Coercion is an issue of power and control. • A perpetrator who uses coercive tactics knows that his or her victim neither wants nor enjoys this sexual interaction. • Assailants use many forms of coercion, threats, and manipulation to rape including alcohol and drugs. Alcohol, Rohypnol, and other drugs are often used to incapacitate victims. • Men who have committed sexual assault also frequently report getting their victims drunk as a way of making it easier to talk or force him or her into having sex. • Although the media has labeled drugs such as Rohypnol and GHB as the date-rape drugs of the present, these are only two of the many drugs used to incapacitate a victim. Of the 22 substances used in drug-facilitated rapes, alcohol is the most common. Handeyside, A. and Wickliffe, S. (2009). Striving for Justice: A Toolkit for Judicial Resolution Officers on College Campuses. Responding to Sexual Assault and Dating and Domestic Violence. PARTNERSHIPS • • • • • • • • • • Counseling and Psychological Services Campus Police/ Student Assistant Foot patrol and Escort Team (SAFE Team) Violence and Substance Abuse Prevention (VSAP) Title IX Coordinator Judicial Affairs Student Government Association University Housing Admissions/Orientation Student Activities University Relations COUNSELING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES • Assist and Implement services for survivors and accused perpetrators of sexual crimes • Serve as a referral agency for university housing and the department of student experience and engagement • Provide an immediate crisis counseling session to victims of a sexual crime in addition to follow up sessions with the same counselor • Offer group counseling and support groups for those impacted by sexual crimes • Assist students in getting proper medical attention after a sexual assault has occurred • If necessary consult with external professional services to ensure the student gets the best treatment possible CAMPUS POLICE • Campus Eye app-used to report crimes currently in progress • Blue light telephone system throughout the campus • Student Assistant Foot patrol and Escort Team (SAFE Team)-used to escort students around campus at night • Rape Aggression Defense (RAD)-self defense class for men and women • Notify students of crimes and ongoing threats to safety via email and text caster alerts • Provide a monthly forum from a public safety officer on how to make the campus a safer environment VIOLENCE AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION (VSAP) • Bystander Intervention Training • Programing in residence halls and with professional staff • Theatrical Performance-event similar to the Vagina Monologues • Gender norming education • Collect data on frequency of sexual crimes on college campuses • Provide large scale programming every April in conjunction with sexual assault awareness month • Provide faculty with safe zone training to serve as a resource for students who have experienced sexual crimes TITLE IX COORDINATOR • Responsible for notification, reporting, and investigating all sexual assault allegations and convictions on campus in accordance with the Clery Act • Coordinates Title IX training for other offices on campus • Revision of case law, campus policies, and legislation in compliance with current laws • Assist Judicial Affairs Office JUDICIAL AFFAIRS • Thoroughly investigate cases of sexual assault • Handles conduct cases for sexual crimes • Abide by due process in the hearings • Innocent until proven guilty • Separately hear both sides of case from all parties involved • When one of these cases arises, both parties involved will be relocated to a different space on campus for their safety as a precautionary measure • Have an accurate and detailed report filed by student staff if in residence halls if on campus, along with the report filed by the campus or city police force STUDENT GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION • Promote buy in from the student body • Serve as liaison to the Board of Governors and administration for the policy • Serve as voice of student body in regards to policies and procedures • Collaborate with Residence Hall Association and residence hall councils to gather feedback from students living on campus • Promote and assist in funding educational programs across campus UNIVERSITY HOUSING • Provide a safe an open environment for students living on campus • Promote programs provided by other offices on campus • Advertising for true statistics of sexual crimes and myths surrounding sexual assault • Require staff to participate in Title IX training • Have Resident Advisors and Hall Councils collaborate with other campus offices to provide in hall programming • Hold empty suites within halls as safe spaces for those who have experienced sexual crimes • Insert plan to install keyless entry to all residence halls into strategic plan STUDENT ACTIVITIES • Create student organization- “Students Against Sexual Assault” (SASA) • Provide large scale programming every April in conjunction with sexual assault awareness month • Partner with other campus organizations to promote awareness about sexual crimes • As a part of week of welcome have a prominent guest speaker to discuss sexual assault awareness UNIVERSITY RELATIONS • Social Media • Local media • National media • Marketing and advertising • Assist in promoting task force across campus • Promote university’s efforts to limit sexual crimes on campus • Press conferences • T-shirts, flyers, bookmarks to promote SASA ADMISSIONS & ORIENTATION • Pamphlets in the orientation “swag bags” • Promote “Students Against Sexual Assault” (SASA) • Provide informational sheet pertaining to myths and facts of sexual assault, along with tips of how to stay safe on campus • Coordinate with student activities to promote the week of welcome programming plan ASSESSMENT • Pre and Post Assessment of our initiative • Implement a longitudinal study spanning 5 years • Collect data at the beginning of each fall and the end of each spring semester • SWOT Analysis • Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats • Topics that will be researched include: education in regards to sexual crimes and how to prevent them, gender norming, bystander intervention, success of programming across campus, cost effectiveness of program and impact of education initiatives on number of sexual crimes reported on campus SEXUAL CRIME STATISTICS • It is estimated that for every 1,000 women attending a college or university, there are 35 incidents of rape each academic year. • Freshmen and sophomores are at a greater risk for victimization than juniors and seniors. • A study found that students living in sorority houses (3 times at risk) and oncampus residence halls (1.4 times at risk) were more likely to experience a sexual crime than students living off-campus. Mohler-Kuo, M., Dowdall, G., Koss, M., & Wechsler, H. (2004).Correlates of Rape While Intoxicated in a National Sample of College Women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65, 37-45. Krebs, C.P., Lindquist, C.H., Warner, T.D., Fisher, B.S., & Martin, S.L. (2007). The Campus Sexual Assault (CSA) Study. National Institute of Justice. SEXUAL ASSAULT IN RELATION TO ALCOHOL USE • Overall, one in 20 (4.7 percent) women reported being raped in college since the beginning of the school year – a period of approximately 7 months and nearly three-quarters of those rapes (72 percent) happened when the victims were so intoxicated they were unable to consent or refuse. • These statistics are derived from 119 institutions of higher education • “This study reveals that a woman’s chance of being raped is far more pronounced on campuses where the student body as a whole engages in a high rate of binge drinking and when individuals consume a large amount of alcohol,” said Meichun Mohler-Kuo, Sc.D Mihker-Kuo, M., Dowdall, G.W., Koss, M.P., Wechsler, H., (2004). Correlates of rape while intoxicated in a national sample of college women. Retrieved from http://archive.sph.harvard.edu/cas/Documents/rapeintoxpressRelease/. Wilkes, K., (2012). Protecting the campus community: managing the risk of sexual misconduct. Retrieved from http://blog.willis.com/2012/09/protectin g-the-campus-community-managingthe-risk-of-sexual-misconduct/. A plead for change-The statistics don’t lie Ruder, J., (2013). Sexual assault remains under-reported on campus despite growing awareness. Retrieved from http://www.dailytexanonline.com/news/2013/11/03/sexual-assaultremains-under-reported-on-campus-despite-growing-awareness.