Renaissance Princes
aka
New Monarchs
st
1
Among Equals
• No strong monarchs in the late Middle Ages
– Hundred Years War caused kings of England
and France to struggle to raise money… further
weakened the crown
New Monarchs Tried to Rise Above
‘First Among Equals’
• So who do you turn to in order to do this?
• Union between townspeople and the king.
– Townspeople want stability to make money and
want protection from greedy feudal nobility
– King needs to have some allies against nobility
who won’t be strong enough to challenge his
authority
– ‘middle class’
New Monarchs’ Techniques
• Raise taxes
– Taxes on the towns and peasants
– Most nobles were immune
• Build up standing armies
– First one was in… ?
• Wrestle power from Rome
– Key example France
• Pragmatic Sanction – New Monarchs versus Rome
– Council over Pope
– French king has basic control of church in
France
• Concordat of Bologna- Compromise between
French monarchs and Pope
– Ok- Pope is boss
– Pope gets some money and has some say in
France’s church
New Monarchs’ Techniques (cont.)
• Semi-secret and sometimes violent courts to do the bidding of
the monarch
– Court of the Star Chamber in England
• Encouraged economic growth
– Brings more tax revenue
• Expelling ‘troublesome’ minorities
– Reconquista
– Conversos
• Root of racial identification of Jews
• Marriage
– Rulers of Spain
– Helps to explain the interlocking web of royal families
The War of the Roses
• Hundred Years War weakened English
monarchs
• War of the Roses was a clash between ‘first
of equal’ king and powerful noble family
• Yorkist line won, and (along with the Tudor
line who took over after the Yorks died out)
began to build royal power
Social Impacts of the Renaissance
• Women– Upper class women
• Lost status (didn’t run households anymore)
• Had to mold themselves to get a man, rather than vice versa in medieval
times
• Did get educations, but only to… ???
• Laura Cereta example… successful, but only because... ???
• Men believed that publicly active women were a threat
• Not really ‘sexual beings’
– Lower class women
• Didn’t get educational advantages
• Hard to say, but fact that rape was punished more harshly if _____________
than if _____________ gives some evidence that even lower class women
lost status
– What was the punishment in the Middle Ages for Rape?
Things You Should Know That I
Didn’t Have Time For
• Savonarola
• Social Change (I covered women, but not
the other parts)
– Perception of Black Africans
– Homosexuality
• Thomas More
– Utopia
Hansen
AP Euro
Name _____________________
Period _________
The Renaissance- The Rise of New Monarchs (and Miscellaneous) (Lecture #3)
Note-Taking Guide
►First Among Equals- ____________________________________
________________________________________________________
•No __________________ monarchs in the late Middle Ages
•Hundred Years War caused kings of England and France to
struggle to raise money … ______________________________
► New Monarchs Tried to Rise Above ‘First Among Equals’
•So who do you turn to in order to do this?
•Union between ____________ ___________
•Townspeople want ___________________________
__________________________and want protection
from _______________________________________
•King needs to have ___________________________
___________who won’t be strong enough to challenge
_______________________
•‘_______________________’
►New Monarchs’ Techniques
•Raise taxes
•Taxes on the ________________________________
•Most nobles were _______________
•Build up standing armies - __________________________________
•First one was in… _________________
•Wrestle power from ______________
•Key example _________________
•Pragmatic Sanction – New Monarchs versus Rome
•_____________________________
•French king has basic ___________________
_____________________________________
•Concordat of Bologna- ________________between
French monarchs and Pope
•Ok- __________________________
•Pope gets ____________ money and has some
say in France’s _____________
•Semi-secret and sometimes violent courts to do the bidding of the monarch
•Court of the __________________________in England
•Encouraged economic growth
•___________________________________________________
•Expelling ‘troublesome’ minorities
•Reconquista - _______________________________________
____________________________________________________
•Conversos - __________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
•Root of racial identification _______________
•Marriage
•_______________________
•Helps to explain the interlocking web of __________________
►War of the Roses
•Hundred Years War weakened ___________________________
•War of the Roses was a clash between ‘_______________’ king and
_________________________________________________________
•Yorkist line won, and (along with ____________________________ who took
over after the Yorks died out) began to __________________
►Social Impacts of the Renaissance
•Women
•Upper class women
•Lost ____________ (didn’t run households anymore)
•Had to mold _____________________to get a ________,
rather than vice versa in medieval times
•Did get educations, but only to… _______________
___________________________________________
•Laura Cereta example… successful, but only because...
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
•Men believed that publicly active women ____________
•Not really ‘___________________________’
•Lower class women
•Didn’t get ______________________________
•Hard to say, but fact that rape was punished more harshly if
_____________ than if _____________ gives some evidence
that even lower class women lost status