How to Write a Paper Carl Che 2002.9 Outline Introduction Steps to Write a Paper • • • • Market Concept Embodiment Details Bibliographies Introduction Guidance in Writing a Paper • Just Frame (Mike Ashby) • Not Content (Hang Li) • Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang) What’s Good Written Papers? • Readable, Remembered, Cited Wanna Write Something Outline Introduction Steps to Write a Paper • • • • Market Concept Embodiment Details Bibliographies Market Market is Readers! Thesis • Examiners – Details of All Research Paper • Skilled Referees – Check • Scientifically-literate Public – Extract Information Research Proposal • Funding Agency – Judge Popular article • Intelligent but Un-informed Public Concept Making Concept-Sheet (Slides) Structure Thinking Freedom of thought Range over Entire Paper De-focus – Forget Details The most satisfying Step of Writing Concept-Sheet Embodiment – First Draft Do it in Any Order • • • • • • • • • Title Abstract Introduction Method Result Discussion Conclusion Figures … How to Read a Paper Title Abstract Conclusion Figures And Move on Title Meaningful and Brief Consists of Keywords Avoid Using Abbreviation Abstract Try for One Sentence each on: • • • • Motive Method Key Results Conclusions Don’t exceed 3 sentences on Anyone Whether to Read on Conclusion Most important results List any reservations or limitations Don’t duplicate the Abstract Summing up of the advances Bullet-Pointed List Figures Reproduced or imitated by others Self-Contained • • • • Title Labeled Axes Defined Units … Introduction What’s the problem and why’s it interesting? Who are the main contributors? What did they do? What novel thing will you reveal? State you will do a new thing! Method Easy to write Allow to be repeated by someone else But no more Keep results for the next section Results Easy to write, too Present the Output Concise and Meaningful Don’t mix with Discussion Discussion Extract Principles, Relationships, Generalizations Present Analysis, Model or Theory Show relationship between the results and analysis, model or theory Clear and Concise Details Grammar Spelling Punctuation Style Style Be Clear Write from an appropriate design Define everything Avoid empty words Revise and rewrite Do not overstate, over-emphasize or apologize Style (Cont.) Avoid being patronizing, condescending or eccentric Use appropriate language Good first sentence Seek helpful examples and analogies Linking Observe good writing Finally… Outline Introduction Steps to Write a Paper • • • • Market Concept Embodiment Details Bibliographies Bibliographies How to Write a Paper • Mike Ashby Some Notes on English Technical Writing • Hang Li How to Publish a (good) Paper? • Ya-Qin Zhang Efficient Reading of Papers in Science and Thchnology Reading makes a full man conference a ready man and writing an exact man --- Francis Bacon Thanks!