FOOD SECURITY
Concepts, Basic Facts,
and Measurement Issues
June 26 to July 7, 2011
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Kazal 6e:
Data Sources, Uses, and Limitations in
Bangladesh
Learning: Trainees will become familiar with
the available secondary sources of data on
food security in Bangladesh. They will learn
about the uses of the data depository as well
as its limitations in analyzing various
dimensions of food security in Bangladesh.
Brief Contents
• data sources for food security analysis and mapping
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Household Income and Expenditure Survey
Poverty Monitoring Survey
Child Nutrition Survey
Demographic and Health survey
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
Nutrition Surveillance Project, HKI/IPHN
• Bangladesh: National Household Survey Report on Food Security
• metadata for national agricultural statistics
 major domains and selected indicators of agricultural statistics
 coverage, availability, data sources and responsible agencies
• Food Balance Sheets of the Food and Agriculture Organization
• application of the data sets
• limitations of the data sets
Data sources for food security analysis
and mapping
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Household Income and Expenditure Survey
Poverty Monitoring Survey
Child Nutrition Survey
Demographic and Health survey
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
Nutrition Surveillance Project, HKI/IPHN
Household Income and Expenditure Survey
 Household and Population
Characteristics
 Basic Needs Indicators
 Income and Expenditure
 Consumption of Food
 Measurement of Poverty
 Education
 Health
 Social Safety Nets
Programs
 Selected Community
Characteristics
New Features of 2010 HIES
Microcredit
Disability
Migration & Remittance and
Crisis Management ( Shocks & Coping)
Poverty Monitoring Survey
 Poverty Line and Poverty Incidence  Health, sanitation and
Education
 Household Income and
 Credit
Expenditure
 Nutrition and Welfare
 Gender Dimension
 Landownership and Occupation  Expenditure Saving
 Household Characteristics
 Crisis and Crisis Coping
Child & Mother Nutrition Survey
• Household characteristics
• Characteristics of Mothers
• Knowledge and Practicees on Child and
Maternal Care
• Child Nutrition Status
• Maternal Nutrition Status
Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey
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Household population and housing characteristics
Characteristics of survey respondents
Fertility
Fertility regulation
Other proximate determinants of fertility
Fertility preferences
Infant and child mortality
Maternal and newborn health
Child health
Nutrition of children and women
Hiv/aids-related knowledge, attitudes, and behavior
Women’s empowerment and demographic and
Health outcomes
• Domestic violence
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
(Monitoring the situation of children and women)
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Nutrition
Child Health
Environment
Reproductive Health
Child Development
Education
Child protection
HIV/AIDS, Sexual Behaviour, and Orphaned and Vulnerable
Children
Poverty mapping methods
 Small area estimation
 Household unit level method
 Community level data method
 Multivariate weighted basic needs index
 Principal components
 Principal components over time
 Factor analysis
 Ordinary Least Squares
 Combination of qualitative information and secondary data
Primarily qualitative
Primarily secondary
Statistical analysis of qualitative information combined with
secondary data
Poverty
mapping methods
 Extrapolation of participatory approaches
 Direct measurement of household survey
data
 Direct measurement of census data
 Income data
 Basic needs index
 Z scores
Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh / Statistical
Pocket Book of Bangladesh
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General Features and Environment
Area, Population, Household and Household Characteristics
Labor and Manpower
Agriculture: Crops, Livestock, Forestry and Fishery
Industry
Energy
Transport and Communication
Foreign Trade
Finance Foreign and Banking, Co-operative and Credit Distribution
Prices and wages
National Income
Education
Health, Family planning and Social Statistics
Consumption: Household Income and Expenditure
Bangladesh Household Food Security and Nutrition
Assessment Report 2009
The broad objective was:
to analyze the impact of the food price hikes on food production and
nutrition / health status, in order to suggest response options and
recommendations
Specific objectives
• Aspects of food security & nutrition including food markets
• Household food access and food utilization
• Nutrition and health
• Water and sanitation
Survey conducted by:
 World Food Programme, UNICEF,
 Institute of Public Health Nutrition,
 Institute of Public Health Nutrition, MoHFW
METADATA FOR
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
Major domains and selected indicators of agricultural
statistics
METADATA FOR
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
Major domains and selected indicators of agricultural
statistics
METADATA FOR
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
Major domains and selected indicators of
agricultural statistics
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and
Responsible Agencies
Production
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Production
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Trade
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Food Consumption
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Fertilizer
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Pesticides
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Land Use
Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible
Agencies
Labour and Employment
Bangladesh: National Household Survey
Report on Food Security
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household profile
household purchasing power
household expenditure pattern
food acquisition, distribution and consumption
housing and facilities
household health status
food production
level of community participation
perception on food security indicators, and
community problems.
The Food Balance Sheets of the Food and Agriculture
Organization: A Review of Potential Ways to Broaden the
Appropriate Uses of the Data
FAO suggests that the data may be used to:
 observe a country’s food supply and its trends
 compare food supply to nutritional requirements for healthy diets
estimate supply/shortage measures evaluate food and nutrition
policies
 measure the degree of chronic undernutrition
 examine changes in diet patterns
 investigate relationships between food supplies, famine, and
malnutrition
 calculate self-sufficiency and import-dependency ratios
 set goals for trade and production and project future supply and
demand.
Application of the data sets
 Research
 Monitoring and evaluation
 Policy options
Limitations of the data sets
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Formation of survey local committees
Organization period of time
Data collection and supervision of field work
Data processing and dissemination
Data validatity, Reliability and authenticity
Timely availability of data sets