五. 形容词、副词
1. 形容词作用
n.
adj.
2. 形容词构成与变化 v.
adj.
3. 形容词级
opposites
prefixes前缀
suffixes后缀
形容词的作用:
medical examination today? I
1.Can I have a ________
don’t feel well. (medicine)
放在名词之前,作定语。
修饰不定代词后置
( something important )
2.The song sounds __________.(wonderfully)
wonderful
放在系动词之后,作表语
(be, feel, look, smell, taste, sound, get,become,keep,
turn,seem,stay等)
pen when you are away.
3.Do not leave the door o_____
放在宾语之后,作宾语补足语
常与make,leave,keep,find等连用
形容词的构成: 一、n.
adj.
1).名词+ ful/less变为形容词
useful
useless
careful
helpful
careless
helpless
harmful
cheerful
meaningful
harmless
cheerless
meaningless
colourful
delightful
wonderful
colourless
/
/
/
/
endless
noiseless
形容词的构成:
2).名词+ y变为形容词
rainy, sunny foggy stormy, windy, snowy, frosty, cloudy,
lucky, healthy, sleepy, noisy, guilty…
3).名词+ al变为形容词
musical, national, natural,
4).名词+ ly变为形容词
lovely, friendly, lonely, lively weekly, daily…
形容词的构成:
二、v.
adj.
二、 worried /interested/surprised/excited /amazed…
多指人对事物的感受,主语一般是人,
“感到……”
worrying/ interesting/surprising/exciting /amazing…
多指事物对人的影响,一般修饰事物,
“使/令人……”
worried She can’t find her cat.
1. Miss Zhang looks very ________.
(worry)
interested in such an __________
interesting
2. Daniel is really _________
detective story. (interest)
形容词的构成:
un
im
反义词
unimportant, unnecessary, uninteresting, uncommon,
unhappy, unfriendly, uncomfortable, unable, unwelcome
impossible, impolite, impatient
in
incorrect, inactive, inexpensive
dis
ir
dishonest, disabled
irregular
local businesses.
1.We raised much money from _______
(当地的)
blind (失明的) people?
2.How can we help _______
excellent
3.It is an ________(极好的)
chance for us to learn team spirit.
idy
4.Students should keep their class room clean and t_______.
atural disasters.
5.Bad weather sometimes cause n_______
negetic
6.Millie has lots of energy and she is really e_______.
中考链接
1. The weather today is ______
sunny (sun) but it’ll be
cloudy
______tomorrow.
(cloud)
sleepy
asleep inin
fell_______
_______
class
2. He went to bed late last night. He
He felt
class
in
the morning. (sleep)
in the morning.
3. I think your suggestions will be valuable
________ (value) to me.
+able (comfortable)
useless
4. He tells us it is ________ to learn without thinking. (use)
helpful
5. I love China. People here are very kind and ________.
(help)
中考链接
D
1. The meat smells ____.Throw
it away.(2012 宿迁)
A. well
B. good
C. badly
D. bad
2. ---Why did you vote for Maggie ?
---Because she is very ______.
She always shares things
C
with others.(2012 连云港)
A. practical B. active
C. generous
D. energetic
3. ---Mr Smith, I don’t think we can get there on time by
bike.
A
---You mean it’s ______for
us to take a taxi ? (2011 南京)
A. necessary
B. important C. possible
D. difficult
形容词的级
1. 形容词原级比较
1).as…as…
2). not so/as…as…
例1.They got a Christmas tree and it was as
as ____
D _ as ours.
A. much taller B. taller C. tallest D. tall
2. 形容词的比较级
Amy collects ________ NBA stickers than Daniel.
1). more than
2). ....
....
3. 形容词的最高级
1). of…/in…/among…
2) ...
形容词的比较级(Comparative)和最高级(Superlative)
构成方法
原级
单音节词和少数双音节
词在词尾加-er或-est
tall
比较级
taller
最高级
tallest
以字母e结尾的形容词,
加-r或-st
nice
重读闭音节,词尾只有一
个辅音字母时,应先双
写辅音字母,再加-er或est
big
bigger
biggest
hot
hotter
hottest
以辅音字母+y结尾的双
音节词,先改“y”为
“i”,再加-er或-est
healthy
nicer
healthier
nicest
healthiest
形容词的比较级和最高级
不规则变化
原级
比较级
最高级
good/well
better
best
bad/badly
worse
worst
old
many/much
little
far
older/elder
oldest/eldest
more
most
less
least
farther/further
farthest/ furthest
原级、比较级、最高级之间的转换
1. He is the tallest student in his class.
than any
=He is taller ____
____ other
______student in his class.
=He is taller than
_____the ______
other students in his class.
taller ______him.
than
else in his class is ______
= Nobody
_____ ______
《中考指导书》P14第三大题第9题
最高级形式
--- 比较级 than any other + n(单数)
----比较级 than the +other +n (复数)
---Nobody else …than…
--- Nobody else ….as…as…
中考链接
1.Which one is ______,
this one
one or that one
one? (12镇江)
B this
A. well B. better C. more D. most
B
2. I had to call a taxi because the box was ______than
I expected.
(12 苏州)
A. heavy
B. heavier
C. the heavier D. the heaviest
B (12南通)
3. Of the two pairs of jeans, the black one is _____.
A. the expensive
C. the less expensive
B. more expensive
D. the most expensive
4. He is __________(tall)
of the two.(12无锡)
the taller
中考链接
C
1.Which singer is _______,
Jay chou, Cai Yilin or Pan Weibo ?
A. famous
B. more famous
C. the most famous
2. This schoolbag is not expensive. And the price of it is the ____
A
of the three.(12 盐城)
A. lowest
B. biggest
C. highest
D. smallest
C
3. Shu-How Lin is one of _____basketball
players in the NBA.
(12 福州)
A. popular
B. more popular
C. the most popular
形容词的特殊用法
1. 只能用作表语的形容词
ill ; alone;alive; afraid
2. 形容词修饰不定代词,后置, (something important)
else 修饰不定代词和疑问词(who else; sth else)
3. 形容词原形+ enough +to do…
可以和so/such... that..; too... to...
4. 有表示程度的副词(短语)a little,a bit, a lot, much,
even, far…等; 可以修饰形容词比较级
补充:需要掌握的句型转换
1. He is taller than any other boy in his class.
= He is taller than the other boys in his class.
= He is the tallest (boy) in his class.
2. He is too young to look after himself.
= He is not old enough to look after himself.
= He is so young that he can’t look after himself.
= He is such a young boy that he can’t look after himself.
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形容词复习张霞