FHM TRAINING TOOLS
This training presentation is part of FHM’s
commitment to creating and keeping safe
workplaces.
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Fall Protection for Construction
►►►
These materials have been developed based on applicable federal laws and regulations in place at the time the materials were created. The program
is being provided for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute and is not intended to provide OSHA compliance certification,
regulatory compliance, a substitute for any "hands on“ training required by applicable laws and regulations, or other legal or professional advice or
services. By accessing the materials, you assume all responsibility and risk arising from the use of the content contained therein.
©2010 Grainger Safety Services, Inc.
Learning Objectives
At the end of this course you will:
► Have
► Plan
knowledge and skills needed for fall hazards
and work safely when hazards are present
Agenda
Today’s agenda:
► Overview
► Fall
protection strategies
► Types
► Your
of equipment for fall arrest systems
responsibilities
Section 1
Overview
The Hazards of Working at Heights
Frequently cited OSHA provisions are failure to:
► Protect
workers from falls of 6 feet or more
► Protect
workers from falling into floor openings
► Provide
guardrails
The Hazards of Working at Heights
Hazards causing most fall-related injuries:
► Unprotected
► Improper
scaffold construction
► Unguarded
► Misuse
sides, wall openings, and floor holes
protruding steel rebar
of portable ladders
Employee Training
Training is required in the following areas:
►The
nature of fall hazards
►Correct
►Use
procedures for fall protection systems
and operation of protection devices
►Roles
in safety monitoring and fall
protection plan
►Limitation
of equipment
Employee Training
Refresher training is required if there are:
► Changes
in the workplace
► Changes
in the types of fall protection systems
► Inadequacies
in an affected employee's knowledge
Control Measures
Control measures used to for serious hazards:
► Perform
work at ground level
► Restrain
worker so they can not reach the edge
► Use
aerial lifts
► Use
control line and personal fall
arrest systems
► Cover
holes as they are created
Section 2
Fall Protection
Strategies
Fall Protection Strategies
Fall Protection Strategies include:
► Guardrails
► Safety
nets
► Personal
► Warning
fall arrest systems
lines
► Controlled
► Safety
access zones
monitoring
► Covers
► Fall
protection plans
Guardrail Systems
A barrier to prevent employee falls to lower levels:
► Specific
requirements:
– Height of top rails shall be 42 inches plus or
minus 3 inches above walking or working level
– Withstand force of at least 200 pounds
Safety Net
Safety nets must have:
► Border
rope for webbing
► Minimum
breaking strength of 5,000 pounds
Installations must be tested:
► After
initial installation or major repair
► Before
being used
► Whenever
► At
relocated
6-month intervals if left in one place
► Inspected
for deterioration at least
once weekly
Personal Fall Arrest System
Personal fall arrest systems:
► Stops
► Limit
► Be
employee falls from working levels
maximum arresting force to 1,800 lbs
rigged
► Complete
► Strength
stop and limit maximum deceleration
to withstand twice the
potential impact energy
Warning Line System
Roof barrier warning of side or edge
► Warning
lines shall consist of:
– Ropes
– Wires
– Chains
– Supporting stanchions
Controlled Access Zones
Controlled access zone is permitted only in:
► Overhand
► Fall
brick laying and related work
Protection Plan for leading edge work
Controlled access zone should be as follows:
► Consist
of ropes, wires, tapes, or equivalent and
supporting stanchions
► Flagged
► Rigged
and supported
► Minimum
breaking strength
of 200 pounds
Safety Monitoring
Safety monitoring permitted when:
► Employees
► Workers
are engaged in low slope roofing work
are covered by written fall protection plan
Employer designated competent person must:
► Be
able to recognize hazards
► Monitor
► Visual
► Can
working or walking surfaces
sight and communication
not be distracted duties
Covers
Covers protect employees from falls through holes:
► Holes
► Sites
covered
surveyed before working
► Continually
► Support
audit as work continues
two times the weight of employees
Fall Protection Plan
Written fall protection plan must state:
► Why
conventional fall protection systems cannot be
used where the fall hazard is present
► Measures
taken to reduce or eliminate fall hazard
where conventional fall protection systems cannot
be used
An example fall protection plan is provided in the
OSHA fall protection standard
Section 3
Personal Fall
Arrest Equipment
Equipment Use, Care, and Maintenance
Equipment used:
► Body
harness
► Vertical
lifeline or lanyard
► Horizontal
lifeline
► Webbing
► Connectors
► Anchorages
Body Harness
Body harnesses are designed to:
► Minimize
stress forces
► Provides
freedom of movement
► Minimize
force on the body in falls
Vertical Lifeline or Lanyard
Vertical lifeline or lanyard must have:
► Strength
of 5,000 lbs or more
► Protected
► Separate
from being cut or abraded
vertical lifeline for each employee
► Self-retracting
vertical lifelines have minimum
strength of 3,000 lbs
Horizontal Lifeline
Horizontal lifelines:
► Designed,
► Complete
installed, and used under supervision
personal fall arrest system
Webbing
Ropes and straps used in:
► Lifelines
► Lanyards
► Body
► Made
harness strength component
from synthetic fibers
Connectors
Made of drop-forged, pressed or formed steel, or
equivalent material:
► Rings
and Snap hooks
– Minimum tensile strength of 5,000 lbs
Unless designed for it, do not engage to:
► Webbing,
► Each
rope, or wire
other
► D-ring
► Horizontal
lifeline
► incompatibly
shaped object
Anchorages
Used in attachment of personal fall
arrest equipment:
► Must
be independent of anchorage
► Supports
at least 5,000 lbs
Section 4
Your
Responsibilities
Your Responsibilities
Your Responsibilities:
► Recognize
► Utilize
► Use
fall hazards in the workplace
fall protection strategies
personal fall arrest systems equipment
Additional Information
Additional Resources:
Stairways and Ladders: A Guide to OSHA Rules.
OSHA Publication 3124, (2003)
Preventing Worker Deaths and Injuries from Falls
Through Skylights and Roof Openings. NIOSH
Publication No. 90-100, (1989, December)
Plain Language Revision of OSHA
Instruction. STD 03-00-001
[STD 3-0.1A], (1999, June18)
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Personal Fall Arrest System Personal fall arrest systems