Y.L SOMASHEKARA
Research Scholar
DOS In Library & Information Science
MGM Mysore


Research report writing is the oral or written presentation of the
evidence and the findings in such detail and form as to be readily
understood and accessed by the reader and as to enable him to
verify the validity of the conclusions..
According to American Marketing Society, Its purpose is to
Convey to interested persons the whole result of study in
sufficient detail and to enable each reader to comprehend the data
and to determine himself the validity of the conclusions. It is
covers, Disseminations, Presents the conclusions for the
information and knowledge to others, to check the validity of
the generalizations, to encourage others to carry on research on
the same or allied problem.




Generally, a research report, whether it is
called dissertation or thesis
1) The Priliminary i.e. preface pages
2) The text of the report / Main body of the
report
3) The Reference material.








Title page
Certification
Candidate Declaration
Preface including Acknowledgements
Table of Content
List of Tables
List of figures
List of Abbreviation
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
Introduction
Background of the study
Problem Statement
Purpose and objective of the study
Research Questions
Definition of Terms
Significant of the study
Conclusion
2.0 Introduction
2.1 Body of the literature
2.1.1 General area of research
2.1.2 Underlying theory
2.1.3 Variables used from previous literature
2.2 Theoretical Framework
2.3 Hypotheses
2.4 Conclusion
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
Introduction
Research Design
Variable and Measurement
Questionnaire design
Population and Sample
Scope of the study
Data analysis method
3.6.1 Goodness of data
3.6.2 Inferential analysis
3.7 Conclusion
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Goodness of Measure
4.2.1 Representativeness of data
4.2.2 Validity test
4.2.3 Reliability test
4.3 Inferential analysis
4.3.1 Descriptive analysis
4.3.2 Test of difference
4.3.3 Test of relationship
 Correlation analysis
 Hypothesis testing
4.4 Conclusion
5.1 Recapitulation of major findings
5.2 Discussion
5.3 Implication
5.3.1 Theoretical Implication
5.3.2 Practical Implication
5.4 Limitation
5.5 Recommendation for future research
5.6 Conclusion
The reference material is generally divided as
fallows
 1. Bibliography (APA Style or ..)
 2. Appendices (SPSS output & Data Stream)
 3. Glossary of terms (if any)
 4. Index (if any)




Technical Report:
Popular Report
The Report for the Administrator
Oral Report

1) The Problems of Communications
 a. Technical terms should be properly explained.
 b. Neither too simple nor too difficult expression
 c. Level of Knowledge and subject-matter
 d. Language and drafting
2) The problem of objectivity .
3) The Problems of expression of bitter truths and
unpleasant facts






For preparations or drafting of reports three
steps are involved.
1) First Draft:
Comprehensiveness or fullness of facts.
Precision or Accuracy of Facts
Coherence or logic of facts, and
Movement or transition of facts and ideas.

2nd. The researcher should give the first draft, at this stage, a
shape so that it can be readable, clear and lucid. Considerable
trimming or editing will have to be done to make the writing
precise, Concise and brief. Finally, at the second draft stage,
critical evaluation will have to be made of all that has been
written-facts, findings, conclusions and recommendations.

3rd.
And final The final stage in drafting is the preparations of
final report. It concentrates mainly on the finish and final touches,
i.e., on documentation and polish to make the report weighty,
authoritative, convincing and attractive. Documentation indicated
the references to the sources, other previous and current work and
view, additional data and discussion and suggested further
reading on the specific problem as handled by the researcher. In
other words, it indicated the thoroughness of the investigation
and on the other a guide to further work.







1) Attractive
2) Clear Topic
3) Balanced Language
4) No repetition of facts
5) Statement of scientific facts
6) Practicability
7)Description of the difficulties and the
shortcomings








Review of literature
Treatment of quotations
Size and Physical Design
Footnotes
Use of Abbreviations
Use of Statistics, Charts and Graphs
Bibliography, Index & Appendices
Conclusions: In spite of all that has been stated above, one
should always keep in view the fact report-writing is an art which
is learnt by practice and experience.