How did the development
gap grow?
To look at why the gap between rich
and poor countries is one of the world’s
biggest problems.
Take a look at???
Starter - Look at the cartoons and captions.
There are three main reasons to explain the
gap between the rich and poor countries.
1 = Historical reasons
2 = Environmental reasons
3 = Socio-economic reasons.
For each reason think of your own sentence
to briefly explain that reason. (Hint – look at
the sentence under the reason)
Things to do!
Complete your own sentences to explain
each reason. - QUICKLY
Like this…
Do you have a flag?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTduy7
Qkvk8
For resources?....noooo..really?
1 min clip.
http://www.youtube.com/movie?v=pktO
XJr1vOQ&ob=av1e&feature=mv_sr
Let’s watch this clip above and the one
below to gain an understanding to the
history of Development.
http://www.globalissues.org/video/778/luck
iest-nut-in-the-world
Key words;
1.Empires
2.UK, France, Spain +
3.“be friendly, give stuff, spot
tribal leader, bribe, fear
through the army”
4.Leave south in debt
5.laws
Time line
1945-80
1600-1900
Key words;
Key words;
1900-45
1.Trade liberalisation
2.Privatisation
3.Government sell resources to
private companies, why?????
1.USA grows, resources, under
populated
2.Fall of empires WW2
3.USA world friend
4.Lend $ “be friendly, create
employment, set prices,
countries compete.
5.Trade regulations
1990-2011
1980-90
2011-50+???
Key words;
1.North uses debt repayments
to help set subsidies for own
companies in their countries.
2.North: encouragement of
individual debt.
Quiz time!!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Which four countries were the major players in trying to dominate the
world???
Explain how the non native population first began trading?
What were the two main barriers to early trading?
What pressures were put upon non native countries that changed the
relationship with the indigenous people?
How did the non native now insist on trade and keep the locals “in line”?
What types of goods were traded?
Name 3 physical geography features and 3 human geography features
that are negative for trading?
How did the empires fall?
With Liberation from the non natives came problems…what were they?
At the start of the 1900’s a country began to rise globally, who were they
and name the sequence of events that led to their rise.
After WW2 America began to influence a lot of the world in an intelligent
way how did they do that?
How does Trade Liberlisation/ “Cash crops” work?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Quiz answers:
Portugal, Spain France and England
Smile, good and resources (spices, Tea, Wood, Crops, gold)
Distance (sailing & crop harvest/mining time) language (hence schools were built)
“Supply and demand” from Europeans and the America’s. Threat of job loss for Captains and
Admirals from King’s, Queen’s & Government changed their attitudes and put pressures on the
locals.
Bribe, lands, title for increased production, or threats (individual, family), fear, betrayal (tribe
rivalries) replacing tribal leaders, torture (usually public) banishment or execution.
Herbs, Iornore, Gold, Sliver, Ivory, Timber, Crops (sugar cane) People (Slavery), Tea,
Diamonds.
3 physical: weather; storms, snow. Mountains, crop growth and harvest times.. Human:
language, culture, religions, Racism & time
Hard work to get to the top, Fall: Political unrest in colonised and empire countries. Inequalities,
outsourcing the primary and secondary sectors cause extraction of wealth.
Inheritance of previous CONTRACTED empire debt, limited business and finance experience.
Limited knowledge of political structure and management of people. Re invite old empire
countries back to help under new individual/company contracts.
USA: Cotton production, Gold rush and oil exports, save the money and reinvest in primary,
secondary and tertiary sections. Export of inventions, car, oil refinery technologies. Sales for pre
and post WW2.
Lend money to countries after WW2 as America is “the worlds friend” in “Development contracts
(agriculture & Industries technologies)” set up more international schools with the brightest
getting scholarships to USA and jobs back in their own countries upon graduation to implement
American Ideologies. Hollywood films to create the “American dream desire” and understand
American English.
Date:
1600’s
1840’s
1945-80
1990’s- NOW
What we have:
Empires: Trade
Depts
being friendly,
tribes
USA resources WW2
oil,farm,weapon
s
USA Vs.
Economic and
Psycologic
Personal Depts
Additional Info:
* Europe went to
Africa.
* Made a
contract with the
locals
* Europeans
acted “Friendly”
and gave them
goods. (treated
them well)
→ Created a law
to make people
work and if not
followed, the
leader may be
publicly
humiliated
* The Europeans
taxed them.
* USA was
developing
before WW2
→ Rich in
natural
resources (new
land) and have
never been in
many wars due
to the geological
location.
(surrounded by
other countries)
*British gives
back countries
and their
independence.
*USA comes to
help LEDC’s
(example places
in Africa) by
offering jobs,
money,
education
→ Gave them
money to pay
back the debt
they owe to
Europe.
* Made countries
compete by
producing
goods at the
same price,
prices were
lowered (supply
and demand)
* credit cards
and house
ownerships
introduced to
MEDC’s
→ high interest
= in debt
→ This is based
on what the US
did to counties
on the past
(governments
into debt)
1930-1945
*USA supplied
Europe with
resources
(Weapons, Food,
Shelter, etc...)
→ Europe was
now in dept to
the US + high
interest
Create your own venn diagam for
your country
Social-economical
Environmental
Historical
Your Turn.
Create a 5 min role play highlighting the
miain information on “How development
grew!”
Lets see the history
http://www.youtube.com/movie?v=pktOXJr1
vOQ&ob=av1e&feature=mv_sr
Use the writing frame with questions on
development for the video clip (remember
any clip can have bias, pull out the
correlations…if any).
2012, have thinks balanced
out?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-15748696
Download

How did the development gap grow ake video clip