Module 3: Prevention of
becoming a bully
Learning outcomes of Module 3
1)
Learning to empathise with others
2)
Learning how to reduce and
control anger and aggression
3)
Learning how to develop social
skills
4)
Learning possible consequences
of cyber-bullying
3.1 Raising of
empathy
Activity 1:
Characteristics
of feelings
Activity 2:
Exclusion
Activity 3:
Dear Diary
Summary: raising of empathy
 Try to identify the feelings of the
other person.
 Keep these feelings in mind when
you are with them.
 Try to see things from others’
perspective.
 Show understanding for others’
perspective. Don’t try to get your way
at any costs.
 Show interest in the other person.
 Listen to the other person (eyecontact, showing that you are
listening).
Evaluation:
3.1 Raising
of empathy
3.2 Reduction of
anger and
aggression
Activity 1:
Characteristics of
anger and
aggression
Summary: characteristics of anger and aggression
Changes of the body:
 Hands: moist palms, shaking, clenched into a fist
 Stomach: pressure, feeling of sickness
 Breathing: faster or heavily, hard to breathe
 Chest: pressure, narrowness, stitching
 Throat: having a lump in the throat, dry throat
 Voice: trembling, hoarse, loud, shrill or becoming silent
 Eyes: seeing red, blurred vision, squinting
 Forehead: frowning, getting moist
 Head: pressure, dizziness, headache, sensation of heat, feeling like
it’s going to explode
Activity 2:
Controlling of
anger
Summary: behaviour when feeling anger
When you feel anger, try to calm yourself down:
 change location or leave the provoking situation
 choose your individual “Cool-Down-Sentence” (e.g. “stay calm”, “I
can do this”) and repeat it
 distract yourself: do something you like, do physical exercises or
think of positive experiences
 try to relax, do breathing exercises
 count to 10
Activity 3:
Personal space
Summary: personal space
 Each person has an individual personal space surrounding him/her
like a bubble. It is needed for feeling comfortable and safe.
 If somebody enters the space, different feelings can occur: fear, but
also anger or aggression.
 Keep this personal space in mind when meeting someone.
Evaluation:
3.2 Reduction of
aggression
3.3 Social skills
training
Activity 1:
Hot chair
Activity 2:
Role play 1
Activity 3:
Role play 2
Summary: social skills training
Characteristics of self-confident behaviour:
 Posture: Stand tall, head held high, chin up,
shoulders back, feet firmly on the ground. Make
eye-contact with the other person.
 Thoughts: Encourage yourself with positive and
realistic thoughts before entering a challenging
situation!
Tell yourself: “I can do this!” “I’m not afraid!”
 Expression: Use I-statements! Express your
needs and feelings! Be precise and explicit and
tell it with a loud and clear, calm voice.
Evaluation:
Social skills
training
3.4 Effects of
cyber bullying
Activity 1:
Discussion of
video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bg
xNItGmiC4
Activity 2:
Discussion of
video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ciZ
KNARbkXY
Activity 3:
Legislation
Summary: effects of cyber-bullying
Consequences for the victim:
 reduced self-esteem
 feelings of frustration, anger, sadness, hopelessness, loneliness,
depression
 sleeping problems, health problems
 suicidal thoughts and behaviours, self-harm
Cyber-bullying may affect a person for a long time, long after the bullying
stops.
Summary: effects of cyber-bullying
Legal consequences for the bully:
 Cyber-bullying is an offence.
 There are no specific cyber-bullying laws, but they are handled like
insults, threats or stalking.
 Also, in some countries you can be fined for spreading of photos and
videos.
Evaluation:
3.4 Effects of
cyber-bullying
Evaluation:
Module 3:
Prevention of
becoming a bully
Evaluation activity:
Mood barometer