• What is a ‘colony’?
• What is the ‘mother country’?
• What was New France?
• Was New France a colony?
• Who was in charge of New
France?
Hunters trade furs
in New France (trading posts)
FURS
Factories in France
turned the furs into
hats, clothing, etc.
Merchants in France get
rich $$$$$$
Hunters get Furs
•Who did all the hard
work in the fur trade?
•Who made all the
profit in the fur trade?
Chartered Company System
• 1608-1627  fur
companies were not
making enough money
• There was also a small
population in New
France
• In 1627  The King
gave over the monopoly
to ONLY ONE company:
• COMPANY OF 100
ASSOCIATES
Company of 100 Associates
• The King of France made
a deal with The Company
of 100 Associates:
• The Company of 100
Associates got to be the
only fur trading company
• BUT…
• The Company of 100
Associates was in charge
of populating New
France
• The Company of 100
Associates also had to
take care of roads,
buildings, jails and a lot of
other things
Company of 100 Associates
• The Company of 100
Associates DID NOT do
a good job
• It took a lot of furs from
New France
• It did not bring people
to live in New France
• The company did not
care about the deal
with the King
1663: The King is in charge...
• 1663: King Louis XIV
(14th)
• He took control of New
France
• Louis XIV had to
become the boss of
New France from Far
away
Lets get this place populated!
• Louis XIV had to start
populating New France
• More women needed to
live in New France
• More women = MORE
BABIES
• King Louis XIV had a
plan…
King Louis XIV’s plan
• Step 1: Send somebody to
New France to populate
it.
• Jean Talon (intendant)
• Step 2: Use a CENSUS to
find out how many
people actually lived in
New France
• A census helped find out
how many women, men,
children and families
were in New France
King Louis XIV’s plan
• Jean Talon found out
that New France had
about 3500 people
• This was NOT GOOD!
• New England had about
20 000 people
• Why is this a problem?
• New England could
easily take over New
France
King Louis XIV’s plan
• Promote ‘engages’
• Ship over ‘filles du Roi’
• Encourage soldiers to stay
in NF
• Unwanted prisoners:
people who committed
non-violent crimes in
France were asked to
move to NF
• Give people money for
marrying and having kids