Cause and Effect
Sentence
Tim forgot his math book, so he could not do his
homework.
“If and Then” Statement
If Tim forgets his math book, then he can not do
his homework.
Cause
Cause is the reason why something happens.
Tim forgot his math book, so he could not do his
homework.
Tim forgot his math book.
(Reason why Tim can not do his math
homework.)
Effect
Effect- what happens because of something
else.
Tim forgot his math book, so he could not do his
homework.
He could not do his homework.
(This happened because he forgot his math
book.)
Sentence
Keegan was hungry because he skipped lunch.
If and Then Statement
If Keegan skips lunch, then he will be hungry.
Cause
Cause is the reason why something happens.
Keegan was hungry because he skipped lunch.
Keegan skipped lunch.
(This is why Keegan is hungry.)
Effect
Effect is what happens because of something
else.
Keegan was hungry because he skipped lunch.
Keegan is hungry.
(This happened because he skipped lunch.)
Sentence
Kelly studied her spelling words and got an A on
the test.
If and Then Statement
If Kelly studies her spelling words, then she will
get an A on the test.
Cause
Cause is the reason why something happens.
Kelly studied her spelling words and got an A on
the test.
Kelly studied her spelling words.
(This is why she got an A on the test.)
Effect
Effect is what happens because of something else.
Kelly studied her spelling words and got an A on the
test.
She got an A on the test.
(This happened because she studied for the test.)
Student White Board Practice
We turned up the heat because it was getting cold.
What is the cause?
It was getting cold.
How do you know this?
Getting colder is the reason why they turned up the heat,
and cause is the reason why something happens.
What is the effect?
Turned up the heat.
I fell off my bike and scraped my knee.
What is the cause?
Fell off bike.
What is the effect?
Scraped knee.
How do we know this is the effect?
Effect is what happens because of something else,
the knee is scraped because I fell off the bike which
is the something else.
Since the class was good this week,
they were able to watch a movie on
Friday.
The cause is: the class was good this week.
Why is this the cause?
The class being good is the reason that they were able to watch
a movie on Friday.
The effect is: watch a movie on Friday.
Why is this the effect?
They got to watch a movie on Friday because they were good
this week.