Youth unemployment in Spain
A country report
September 2013
INDEX
1. The economic situation in Spain and the youth unemployment
2. National System of Employment
3. Educational System
1. The Economic Situation in Spain and
the youth unemployment
Before 2008

From 2003 to 2007 the GNP (Gross National Product) grew up more
than 3% per year.

Two sectors were the most important: the financial and the building
sectors

Between 2004 and 2008 were built more than 3 million houses-flats.
(Population: 40 mill.)

A lot of students, from secondary school to university, dropped out
from their studies to earn money working for building business.
Current Situation
Nowadays Spain is living the biggest crisis in the last 50 years:

More than 6.200.000 people are unemployed. (27,16%)

The Gross National Product is going down

Spanish state is paying a high interest for its debt
Spanish unemployment
a) Spanish unemployment
Youth Unemployment rate
Youth unemployment in Spain has reached a new high of 56.1%, that
is a quarter of the 3.5 million under-25s jobless across the Eurozone.
883,000 people. (30th of August 2013)
More than five in ten of those young people belong to that new “lost
Generation”.
A lot of them are moving to other European or Latin American
countries looking for a job.
Most of them have not graduated because they dropped out from
the secondary school or university when they were teenagers.
Youth Unemployment rate
Youth unemployment rates in Spain
http://www.sepe.es/contenido/estadisticas/datos_avance/graficos/paro.html
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Unemployment Evolution Rates in Valencian Community
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2. Spanish’s National System of Employment
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Division of responsabilities:
Spain and its Autonomous regions
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Division of responsabilities
The central government sets the general strategies to follow in the "Spanish
Employment Strategy “ and more concretely in its “Annual Plan of Employment
policies ".
Each autonomous region is responsible for managing active labour market policies
(programs and services aimed at the direct care of the job seekers).
In this collaborative framework between the central government and communities,
Autonomous regions may choose to perform employment measures according to
state regulations, the region itself or a combination of both.
The Ministry of Education is responsible for the general framework of education
policies and each autonomous region has the power to set them.
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Division of responsabilities
Transferred Subjects
•
•
•
•
Vocational Training
Labour intermediation
Labour guidance
Employment
Programmes
• Execution, recording
and reporting of
contracts
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Coordination tools between the Central
Government and the Autonomous Regions
Law 56/2003, of 16 December, of Employment, establishes coordination instruments
within the National Employment System:
 The Spanish Employment Strategy.
 The Annual Plan for Employment Policy.
 The Information System of Public Employment Services.
(SISPE-Modernization of Management Improved measuring registered
unemployment)
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Active labour market programs in Valencia Region
 Integrated Employment Programs for people over 45, under 30 and long-term
unemployed
 Employment Agency (Agencias de Colocación).
 Training for unemployed
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3. Educational System in Spain
Educational System in Spain
https://vocationaleducation.wikispaces.com/School+system+in+Spain
21
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Educational System in Spain
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION:
1st cycle: 0-3 years
2nd cycle: 3-6 years (free)
COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free)
Primary Education: 6-12 years(free)
Secondary Education: 12-16 years (free)
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free)
Baccalaureate: 16-18 years (free)
Vocational training: 16-18/18-20 years (free)
University (fees depending on the degree)
https://vocationaleducation.wikispaces.com/School+system+in+Spain
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Educational Dual System Implantation
 Spain is trying to establish the German model of „dual
system education“.
 Florida is one of the few educational centers where the
pilot experience is going to start.
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Summary
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Risks for youth
 Brain drain (Fuga de cerebros)
 Generation „ni-ni“ . They don‘t want to study, they
don‘t want to work.
 No free resources available to improve employability:
employment programs, employment training
 Long-term unemployment
 Return to country of origin (Immigrant people or
immigant’s children)
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Some important points for the future
 We must train the new generation for the “new
world”
 Train and develop students promoting “added
value” jobs
 Review and prepare effective cooperation
between Universities and Businesses
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Thank you for your attention
Sources
•
Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte [06/09/2013]
http://www.educacion.gob.es/exterior/centros/cervantes/es/ofertaeducativa/estructurasist
emedu/estructurasistemaeductivoesp.shtml
• Enforced Vocational Orientation Project [06/09/2013]
https://vocationaleducation.wikispaces.com/School+system+in+Spain
• Sepe
http://www.sepe.es/contenido/estadisticas/datos_avance/graficos/paro.html
http://www.sepe.es/contenido/conocenos/medios/Dossier_informativo.pdf
• Revista de Formación y Empleo „Formación XXI“
http://formacionxxi.com/porqualMagazine/do/get/magazineArticle/2013/02/text/xml/UGT
_ante_la_formacion_profesional_dual.xml.html
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