Handicap International Belgium
Road Safety in Cambodia
September 2010
1
Agenda
•
Road safety issues
•
Cambodia National Road Safety Action Plan
•
Handicap International road safety program in Cambodia
1.
2.
3.
4.
Road traffic accident and victim information system
Road Safety education
Road safety awareness and support to society
Support to government
2
1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
Road traffic crashes in Cambodia:
•
46% of all kinds of recorded injuries in the countries
•
almost 7% towards the causes of physical impairment and disability
The total economic loss of road traffic accidents was estimated at 248
million US$ (HIB) in 2009 [116million US$ in 2004]
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1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
•
Road crashes increase more proportionally than road traffic and population.
•
Every day, more than 4 persons die and many others are injured.
•
Over the last 5 years, the number of fatalities increased almost double.
Evolution of road fatalities, vehicles and population (base 100 = 1998)
1998 1999 2000 2001
Population
2002 2003 2004 2005
Registered Vehicles
4
Sources: RCVIS annual report 2009
2006 2007 2008 2009
Fatalities
1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
The fatality rate, calculated in comparison with the number of vehicles
in use in the country is already very high.
25.0
20.0
23.6
19.6
17.80
17.26
15.67
13.8
15.0
14.6
11.7
10.4
10.0
9.48
7.1
5.0
1.77
2.61
5.58
4.88
3.73 4.8
3.4
2.51
4.0
2.15
1.3
Number of fatality per 100,000 inhabitants
Ph
ilip
in
e
Ti
m
or
-L
es
te
et
na
m
Vi
ar
ya
nm
M
Th
ai
la
nd
ng
ap
or
e
Si
al
ay
sia
M
La
os
In
do
ne
sia
Br
un
ei
Ca
m
bo
di
a
-
Number of fatality per 10,000 registered vehicles
5
Source: Global Status Report on Road Safety, Time for Action, by WHO 2009
1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
• The motorization rate is rapidly increasing, with very high share of 2wheeled vehicles and traffic mixes
• Exponential growth can be expected for the forthcoming years.
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1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
As a consequence:
• Motorbikes’ riders account for the large majority of casualties (77%) and fatalities (71%),
• 13% of fatalities are pedestrians
• 76% of motorbike fatalities get head injuries
1%
1%
2%
2%
3%
4%
5%
5%
4%
4%
8%
Other
Agriculture vehicle
Goods vehicle
Passenger vehicle
Bicycle
Pedestrian
13%
77%
71%
Motorbike
0%
20%
40%
Casualties
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Source: RTAVIS annual report 2009
60%
Fatalities
80%
100%
1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
As a consequence, human error is responsible more than 90% of
casualties.
Road crash injuries are largely preventable
Source: RCVIS annual report 2009
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1. Road Safety Issues
Cambodian Context
More than 50% of fatalities are due to speeding and other 17% caused by
drunk driving.
5%
5%
3%
2%
4%
3%
Other
Driving against flow of traffic
Change direction without due care
9%
7%
13%
12%
13%
17%
Not respect right of way
Dangerous overtaking
Drunk drvining
48%
51%
Speed related
0%
10%
Crashes
9
20%
Fatalities
30%
40%
50%
60%
2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action Plan
The first and second action Plans
In2004, the Cambodian Government developed
the first National Road Safety Action Plan 20062010, with the support from ADB
In early 2010, the government started to develop
the second Action Plan 2011-2020, to response
to the “Decade of Action for Road Safety” and
based on the international framework
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2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action Plan
Second Action Plan Framework
Pillar 6
Law
Enforcement
Pillar 8
Vulnerable
Road Users
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Pillar 7
Driving
Licenses
2. Cambodia National Road Safety Action Plan
Stakeholders involved
Government
• National Road Safety
Committee
• Ministry of Public
Works and Transport
• Ministry of Rural
Development
• Ministry of Interior
• Ministry of Health
• Ministry of Education,
Youth and Sports
• Provinces and
municipalities
•
•
International organizations
and NGOs
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
WHO
ADB
World Bank
IFRC
JICA
Handicap International
GRSP
Local NGOs
• Cambodian Red Cross
• Coalition for Road
Safety
Need for coordination mechanism.
Importance of National Road Safety Committee.
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Private companies
• Media (mainly
radio stations)
• Corporate
involvement still
very limited
(TOTAL,
HONDA,
Insurance
companies,
CALTEX,…)
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
Projects
With similar initiatives in Lao PDR and Vietnam, HIB launched the Road
Safety Program in Cambodia in 2004.
To date, it consists of 4 components:
• Road Crash and Victim Information
System (RCVIS) and Road Safety Research
• Road safety education
• Road safety public awareness and
support to civil society
• Support to the government service
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
Coverage-2010
STG
CBE
STG
STG
RSN
CBE
CBE
CBE
STG
CBE
STG
STG
Legend
CBE
Research
All RS activities
CBE
RS education
STG
RCVIS
CBE
CBE
Community Based Education
RSN
Road Safety Network
Research
RSN
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STG
Road Safety Research
Support to government
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
1. Road Crash and victim information system + Research
Objective: Provide road safety
related stakeholders with accurate
and complete data on road traffic
accidents and victims for the
purposes
of
increased
understanding of the current RS
situation, planning appropriate
responses and evaluating impact
of current and future initiatives.
Main activities
• Manage integration road crash data from
police and hospitals.
• Publish monthly and yearly report.
• Hanover of the system to the government
• Conduct road safety researches, such as
cost analysis, road user behaviours,…
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
1. Road Crash and victim information system + Research
Evolution : 2011-2013
RCVIS
– Provide technical support on extensive data analysis and advanced
training to staff in MoI, MoH, NRSC, with upgraded database
– Decentralize the system to provincial levels (MoI)
– Replicate our expertise to other countries (through GRSP, ADB,…)
Research
– Set up research center/working
group
– Conduct more research studies.
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Sources: RCVIS annual report 2009
3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
2. Road Safety Education
Improve primary and lower secondary school children’s road safety
behaviors by providing them with an effective road safety education
curriculum
Main activities
Grades 7 to 9
• Development and implementation of the curriculum in
20 provinces
Grades 10-12
• Support to develop high school curriculum
Partners: MoEYS, NRSC, MoI
Evolution : 2011-2013
•
•
Extend to RS high school curriculum
Safe school zone initiatives
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society
i. Road safety public awareness campaign: Enhance public
awareness on particular issues of road safety by setting-up mass
media campaigns and targeted awareness initiatives.
Main activities: Main focused on Helmet and Drink
driving
Partners: NRSC, WHO, MoI, MoH, MoEYS, Local
NGO, private companies
Evolution : 2011-2013
• Initiate “Speeding, Pedestrian and Seatbelt”
campaigns
• Continue on Helmet (standard + passenger)
and Drink driving
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society
ii. Community Based Education: Increase RS awareness of populations in
villages located on major national roads through community-based education
Main activities:
Technical and financial support to a local NGO (CRY)
to:
• Develop road safety local action plan
• Set up peer education in schools and communities
• Organize road safety events
Evolution: 2011-2013
• New target communes
• Continue to build capacity local commune
authorities on Main Risk Factors
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
3. Road safety awareness and support to civil society
iii. Road Safety Network: Increase the involvement and capacity of the
civil society in improving road safety
Main activities
• Management and further development the road
safety network (RSN)
• Initiating “Fleet Safety” inside organizations
Partners: NRSC, private companies, NGOs…
Evolution: 2011-2013
• Launch Fleet Safety Management
• Initiate Road Safety Label
• Set up RS Network Board (civil society
organizations)
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
4. Support to government
- Support the National Road Safety Committee in managing, implementing
and coordinating the National Road Safety Action Plan through active
coordination of stakeholders; national action plan, policy, strategy
- Provide funding, strategic support and targeted trainings to traffic police to
enforce the traffic law;
Evolution: 2011-2013
• Support NRSC in
coordinating and managing
the New National RS Action
Plan 2011-2020
• Capacity building for
additional PRSCs
• Continues to lobby for better
Enforcement action
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3. Action of Handicap International Belgium (HIB)
Main Results
Since the beginning of the program, main results have been achieved:
•
Development and implementation of RCVIS (Road Crash and Victim
Information System) and GPS (global positioning system).
• Road safety curriculum implementation
in primary and lower secondary schools
• Increase of helmet wearing rate
(7%-2004 to 85% in 2009).
• Approval of the new traffic law and
enhanced law enforcement
• Creation of the National Road Safety
Committee with better functioned with
national policies, strategies and action plans
•
HIB has been seen as a leading agency in RS field,
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Thank you
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HIB road safety program HI Cambodia 2010