Sumário
Protesto e Revolução
Modernidade, protesto e
revolução
A Revolução Americana e a
primeira vaga de emancipação
das nações
A Revolução Francesa e a ideia de
Nação
As Revoluções liberais do séc. XIX
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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Protesto e Revolução
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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Protesto e Revolução
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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Protesto e Revolução
Numa perspectiva de longo
prazo, as guerras europeias
tornaram-se mais letais e menos
frequentes.
Ao longo dos séculos, o número
de guerras envolvendo grandes
potências, a sua duração média e
a proporção de anos nas quais
esses conflitos se desenrolaram,
diminuíram acentuadamente.
Em compensação a intensidade
da guerra alterou-se de forma
significativa.
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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Protesto e Revolução
Table
1 RevolutionarySituations
Situations Coded
Waves,
1492-1992
(N=56)
Table
1 Revolutionary
CodedasasRevolutionary
Revolutionary
Waves,
1492-1992
(N=56)
Revolutionary Situation
Revolutionary
Situation
Revolt of the Netherlands
Revolt
of the
Second
WarNetherlands
of Religion in France
Second
War
of
France
Third War of Religion
Religion ininFrance
Third War of Religion in France
Radical Calvinist seizures in Low Countries
Huguenot
Warsseizures
in Francein Low Countries
Radical
Calvinist
Huguenot
WarsininFrance
France
Huguenot
Wars
Huguenot
WarsininFrance
France
Huguenot
Wars
Huguenot
Wars in France
Pugachev Revolt
Dutch Patriot Revolution
Years
Revolutionary Wave
1566-1609
1566-1609
1567-1568
1567-1568
1568-1569
Calvinist I/Second Reformation
1618
1621-1622
1618
1625
1621-1622
1627-1630
1625
Calvinist II/Thirty Years’ War
Years
Revolutionary Wave
Calvinist I/Second Reformation
1568-1569
1627-1630
1773-1775
1785-1787
1773-1775
1789-1799
1785-1787
1789-1790
1789-1799
1793-1814
Calvinist II/Thirty Years’ War
Atlantic Revolutions
Pugachev
Revolt
Atlantic Revolutions
French Revolution
Dutch
Patriot
Revolution
Brabant
Revolution
French
Revolution
War with
France and beginning of Latin
American
rebellions in Spain
Brabant
Revolution
1789-1790
Polish
rebellion
1794-1795
War with France and beginning of Latin
1793-1814
Batavian
Revolution
1795-1798
American rebellions in Spain
Insurrection of United Irishmen
1798-1803
Polish
rebellion
1794-1795
Batavian
Revolution
1795-1798
Independence
war in Greece David Justino e 1821-1831
Sílvia de AlmeidaGreek War of Independence
Insurrection
of United
Irishmen
1798-1803
Independence
war in Moldavia
1821-1824
Independence war in Crete
1821-1825
6
Huguenot Wars in France
Huguenot Wars in France
1625
1627-1630
Protesto e Revolução
Pugachev Revolt
1773-1775
Atlantic Revolutions
Dutch Patriot Revolution
1785-1787
French Revolution
1789-1799
Brabant Revolution
1789-1790
War with France and beginning of Latin
1793-1814
American rebellions in Spain
Polish
rebellion
1794-1795
Table
1 Revolutionary
Situations Coded as Revolutionary
Waves, 1492-1992 (N=56)
Batavian Revolution
1795-1798
Revolutionary
Years
Revolutionary Wave
Insurrection Situation
of United Irishmen
1798-1803
Revolt
of the Netherlands
Independence war in Moldavia
Second
War of Religion
in France
Independence
war in Crete
Third War of Religion in France
Independence war in Greece
1821-1831
1566-1609
1821-1824
1567-1568
1821-1825
Greek War of Independence
July Revolution
Belgian
Revolution
Radical
Calvinist
seizures in Low Countries
Polish rebellion
Huguenot
Wars in France
1830
1830-1833
1618
1830-1831
1621-1622
Revolutions of 1830
Huguenot Wars in France
French Revolution
Huguenot
Wars in France
Independence war in Moldavia
Revolution in Hungary
Pugachev
Revolt
Revolution
in Wallachia
Dutch
Patriot
Revolution
Coup of Louis
Napoleon
Calvinist I/Second Reformation
1568-1569
1625
1848
1627-1630
1848
1848-1849
1773-1775
1848-1849
1785-1787
1851
Calvinist II/Thirty Years’ War
Revolutions of 1848
Atlantic Revolutions
French Revolution
1789-1799
Brabant
Revolution
1789-1790 Balkan Crisis of 1875
Insurrection
in Bosnia, Herzegovina, and
1875-1878
WarBulgaria
with France and beginning of Latin
1793-1814
Independence
war
in
Bosnia
1878
American rebellions in Spain
Independence
1878
Polish
rebellion war in Thessaly
1794-1795
Independence war in Crete
1878
Batavian Revolution
1795-1798
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
Insurrection
of UnitedofIrishmen
1798-1803 Democratic revolutions
Russian Revolution
1905
1905
Young Turk Revolution
1908-1909
7
French Revolution
Independence war in Moldavia
Revolution in Hungary
Revolution in Wallachia
Coup of Louis Napoleon
1848
1848
1848-1849
1848-1849
1851
Revolutions of 1848
Protesto e Revolução
Insurrection in Bosnia, Herzegovina, and
1875-1878
Balkan Crisis of 1875
Bulgaria
Independence
war in Situations
Bosnia
1878
Table
1 Revolutionary
Coded as Revolutionary
Waves, 1492-1992 (N=56)
Independence war in Thessaly
1878
Revolutionary
Situation
Years
Revolutionary Wave
Independence
war in Crete
1878
Russian
of 1905
Revolt
of theRevolution
Netherlands
Young
Revolution
Second
WarTurk
of Religion
in France
October
5th
Revolution
in Portugal
Third War of Religion in France
1905
1566-1609
1908-1909
1567-1568
1910
1568-1569
Democratic
revolutions
Calvinist I/Second
Reformation
Radical Calvinist seizures in Low Countries
Huguenot
in France
Easter Wars
Rebellion
Huguenot
in France
RussianWars
Revolution
Huguenot
France
RussianWars
Civil in
War
1618
1621-1622
1916
1625
1917
1627-1630
1917-1921
Calvinist II/Thirty Years’ War
Albanian insurrection
Independence war in Albania
1910
1912
World War I
Pugachev
Revolt
1773-1775
Atlantic Revolutions
Revolution
in Hungary
1918-1919
Royalist
Uprising
in Portugal
1919
Dutch
Patriot
Revolution
1785-1787
CivilRevolution
War in Ireland
1919-1923
French
1789-1799
Overthrow
of Stamboliski
1923
Brabant
Revolution
1789-1790
War with France and beginning of Latin
1793-1814
28 May 1926 coup d'état in Portugal
1926
Fascism
American rebellions in Spain
Spanish Civil War
1936-1939
Polish rebellion
1794-1795
Batavian
Revolution
1795-1798
Yugoslav
anti-fascist resistanceDavid Justino e Sílvia
1943-1945
de Almeida World War II
Insurrection
of
United
Irishmen
1798-1803
Greek Civil War
1944-1949
Soviet takeovers in Eastern Europe
1944-1949
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Protesto e Revolução
Revolution in Hungary
1918-1919
Royalist Uprising in Portugal
1919
Table
Revolutionary
Civil1 War
in Ireland Situations Coded as Revolutionary
1919-1923 Waves, 1492-1992 (N=56)
Overthrow of Stamboliski
1923
Revolutionary Situation
Years
28 May 1926 coup d'état in Portugal
Spanish
Civil
War
Revolt
of the
Netherlands
1926
1936-1939
1566-1609
Second War of Religion in France
Yugoslav
Third
War ofanti-fascist
Religion resistance
in France
1567-1568
1943-1945
1568-1569
Greek Civil War
Soviet
takeoversseizures
in Eastern
Europe
Radical
Calvinist
in Low
Countries
Resistance and Liberation in France
Huguenot Wars in France
Huguenot
Wars
France in Albania
Overthrow
of in
communism
Huguenot
Wars
France in Bulgaria
Overthrow
of in
communism
Overthrow of communism in Hungary
Pugachev
Revolt
Overthrow
of communism in Romania
Overthrow
communism in Yugoslavia
Dutch
Patriot of
Revolution
Separation
of republics in USSR
French
Revolution
Civil war
in Yugoslavia
Brabant
Revolution
1944-1949
1944-1949
1618
1944-1945
1621-1622
1625
1989-1991
1627-1630
1989-1991
1989-1991
1773-1775
1989-1991
1989-1991
1785-1787
1990-1991
1789-1799
1991-1995
1789-1790
Revolutionary Wave
Fascism
Calvinist I/Second Reformation
World War II
Calvinist II/Thirty Years’ War
1989 and collapse of communism
Atlantic Revolutions
War with France and beginning of Latin
1793-1814
American rebellions in Spain
Note: The names of revolutionary situations are paraphrased from Tilly (1993). There are 200 nonPolish
rebellion
wave
revolutions not listed which are also used in1794-1795
analyses.
Batavian Revolution
1795-1798
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
Insurrection of United Irishmen
1798-1803
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A Revolução Americana
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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A Revolução Americana
1756-1763: Guerra dos Sete Anos, com extensão dos
conflitos às colónias. Vitória britânica com domínio de
todos os territórios da América do Norte.
1770: início dos tumultos em Boston
1773: Boston Tea Party
1774: Primeiro Congresso das 13 Colónias em
Filadélfia, decidem cessar o comércio com a metrópole
1775-1783: Guerra da Independência das colónias
britânicas na América
1776: Declaração de Independência das 13 colónias
1783: Tratado de Versalhes (GB reconhece a
independência)
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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A Revolução Americana
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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A Revolução Americana
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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A Revolução Americana
When in the Course of human events, it becomes
necessary for one people to dissolve the political
bands which have connected them with another,
and to assume among the powers of the earth, the
separate and equal station to which the Laws of
Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent
respect to the opinions of mankind requires that
they should declare the causes which impel them to
the separation.
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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A Revolução Americana
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are
created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with
certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life,
Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these
rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their
just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever
any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it
is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute
new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and
organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most
likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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David Justino e Sílvia de Almeida
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