Middle & New Kingdom
Main Idea
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
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Middle kingdom was period of stable
government between periods of disorder
The New Kingdom, Egyptian trade & military
power reached their peak, but Egyptians
greatness did not last
Work and daily life were different for of Egypt's
social classes.
Middle Kingdom
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End of old kingdom in 2200 B.C
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Mentuhoteps's rise to power

Middle Kingdom: a period of order and
stability that lasted until about 1750 BC
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Problems:
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internal
Invasion: Hyksos
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Used chariots, iron weapons
Lower Egypt (200 years)
New Kingdom

Beginning 18th Dynasty
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Ahmose (pharaoh or king)
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Declared king of all of Egypt
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Defeated Hyksos
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New Kingdom: Egypt reached the height of
its power & glory last from 1150-1050
Building Empire
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Control Invasion routes
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Hyksos
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Syria
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Eastern shore of Mediterranean
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Kingdom of Kush
Became leading military power
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Ruled from Euphrates to Nubia
Trade
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Trade expanded
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Trade routes: paths followed by traders
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Queen Hatshepsut
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Sent traders to Greece, Punt, & Asia Minor
$ spent on buildings & arts
Trade
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What did they trade?
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Turquoise, copper
–
Sinai Peninsula
Invasions
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Ramses the Great
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Fought Hittites
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Signed a peace treaty
Allies
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Tehenu
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Sea Peoples
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
Lost Asia
New Kingdom ended
•
Violence, invasion, disorder
Daily Life & Work
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Scribes
•
Artisans
•
Artists
•
Architects
•
Soldiers
•
Farmers & Peasant
•
Slaves
•
Family live
Scribes
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Worked for
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Government
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Temples
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Did not pay taxes
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Became wealthy
Artisans, Artist, Architects
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Artisans : advanced skills
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Sculptors, builders, carpenters, jewelers,
metal workers, leather workers
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Worked for
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
Government
temples
Soldiers
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Rise in status
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Land as payment
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Keep treasure taken during war
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Promotions to officers
Farmers & Peasants
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Most of population
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Prepared the land for farming
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Harvested
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Gave crops to pharaoh
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Taxes
Special duties
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Building pyramids, mining gold, fighting wars
Slaves
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Had some legal rights
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Could earn freedom
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Farming, building projects, household work
Family Life
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Own home
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Married young
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Women had some legal rights
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Own property or divorce husbands
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Jobs: priestess, artisans, administrators
Children played games & went to school
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Middle & New Kingdom Main Idea Middle kingdom was period of