• “We just learned about your freedom of speech
under the First Amendment of the
Constitution. You also have the right to
criticize the government. Write a couple
sentences criticizing the government on any
issue.
Part 2
• Now imagine that you have been arrested for it
this criticism and now being threatened with
deportation to the country where your family
was from. Explain why you believe being
arrested is wrong and tell me how you feel.”
Ch. 6.2 Domestic and
Foreign Problems
MAIN IDEA
Events in Europe shapely divide
American public opinion in the late
18th century.
WHY IT MATTER NOW
Washington’s policies at home
and abroad set an example for
later presidents.
Fights in the Northwest
• Native Americans
do not accept
Treaty of Paris;
demand direct
talks.
• In 1790 Miami tribe
chief, Little Turtle,
defeats U.S. army.
Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794
• Miami
Confederacy
defeated.
• Signed Treaty
of Greenville.
-Received less
value for land.
French Revolution
• Became extremely
violent.
• Federalists pro-British;
Democratic-Republicans
pro-French.
• Washington declares
neutrality; will not
support either side.
• Edmond Genet, French
Diplomat, violates
diplomatic protocol.
John Jay’s Treaty
• John Jay’s treaty with
Britain angers many
Americans.
• British are to leave
Northwest posts, but
continue fur trade.
• Impressment (force to
serve in British navy) of
Americans sailors
continue.
• French says it violates
alliance.
Treaty with Spain
• Thomas Pinckney, Treaty of San
Lorenzo, 1795.
-Florida-U.S. boundary set at 31
parallel.
-Mississippi River open to U.S.
traffic.
Washington Retires
• Farewell Address,
-The United States must not
get entangled (involved) in
foreign (European) affairs.
First Party-Based Elections, 1796
• John Adams wins.
-Federalist.
• Thomas Jefferson
-Demo. Republican.
-Become Vice President
• Sectionalism–Placing
regional interests above
nation.
Adams Tries to Avoid War
• XYZ Affair, 1797- French officials
demand a bribe ($250,000) to see
foreign minister.
-Give France millions of $$$.
• Congress creates navy dept.;
Washington called to lead army.
• Undeclared naval war rages for
two years.
Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
• Federalists fear French plot to overthrow U.S.
gov.
-Suspicious of immigrants.
-Active Demo. Republicans.
-Critical of Adams.
• Alien Act: Residence req. for citizenship.
-permit deportation, jail.
• Sedition Act: jail terms for insulting or lying
about government.
• Some Demo-Rep. editors, publishers,
politicians jailed.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
• Jefferson and James Madison
see acts as a misuse of power.
• States call acts a violation of 1st
Amendment rights.
• Nullify- States have the right to
void laws deemed
unconstitutional.
Washington Dies
• Dec. 14, 1799
1. What was Alexander
Hamilton’s three-part plan
to cure the new nation’s
economic crisis?
2. What were some of the
differences between the
Federalists and
Democratic-Republicans?
3. How did George
Washington show the
strength of the federal
government during the
Whiskey Rebellion?
1. How did domestic
and foreign affairs
shape the country’s
policies?
2. Why were the Alien
and Seditions acts
passed?
3. What were the
Virginia and
Kentucky
resolutions?
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Ch 6_2 Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation