Alexander’s Empire and
Hellenistic Culture
Global I * HSLPS * Mr. McEntarfer
Aim: What is the legacy of
Alexander the Great?
• Do Now: Terms –
• Hellenistic Civilization: The combination
of Greek, Egyptian, Indian and Persian
cultures through the conquests of
Alexander the Great.
The Peloponnesian War
• Sparta and Athens declared outright war
on each other for domination of Greece and
national pride called the Peloponnesian War.
• Athens would be defeated in the end, but it
weakened all the Greek city-states allowing
for invasion by Philip the II of Macedonia.
Philip Builds Macedonian Power (142)
• Phillip’s Army – Used the phalanx and a
fast moving cavalry defeat Greek City
States.
• Assassination – Philip was assassinated
and Alexander becomes king of
Macedonia and Greece. He decides to
expand his empire.
Alexander Conquers
• Alexander’s outnumbered army defeats
Darius and his grand army at the Battle of
Gaugamela.
• Alexander conquers Persian controlled
Egypt and is crowned __________. After
that he turns to conquer India.
• Before his death Alexander the Great’s
Empire controls most of the known world
in 326 BCE
Alexander’s Legacy
• Even though Alexander died and his empire he left a
lasting legacy by spreading western civilization.
• Alexander united most of the known world and
started cultural diffusion and trade between
Greece, Egypt, India and Persia. This became
known as Hellenistic Civilization
• Alexander founded many cities in the Greek Style
• Alexander assimilated or adapted the cultures of the
areas he conquered, worshipped at their temples and
allowed them some self rule.
Quiz
The Phalanx
back
Greek Calvary
Back
Assassination
Back
Battle of
Gaugamela.
Back
Alexander the Great’s Empire
Back
The “Known” World – 326 B.C.E.
BACK
Pergamum:
A New
“Hellenistic”
City
Cosmopolitan
Culture
Back
Trade in the Hellenistic World
Back
Cultural Diffusion
Back
Quiz
• How did the Peloponnesian War lead to Greece being invaded by Philip of
Macedon?
• What military formation did Philips army and later Alexander’s use to defeat
Greece and the rest of the known world?
• What happened to Phillip of Macedon?
• What was the name of the battle in which Alexander the Great defeated
Darius’s Persian Army?
What concept is being shown
here?
Writing Assignment
• Forming and supporting opinions: Read
“Alexander’s Legacy on page 145.
• Do you think that Alexander was worthy
of the title “Great”? Explain using
information from class.
Download

Alexander the Great - Mr McEntarfer`s Social Studies Page