Macedon
Macedon had been a
relatively small and
backwards kingdom
359: Perdiccas III killed
by Illyrians
359 – 336: Philip II of
Macedon
Macedon
Macedon had been a
relatively small and
backwards kingdom
359: Perdiccas III killed
by Illyrians
359 – 336: Philip II of
Macedon
Expanded and
consolidated Macedon
Macedon
Macedon had been a
relatively small and
backwards kingdom
359: Perdiccas III killed
by Illyrians
359 – 336: Philip II of
Macedon
Expanded and
consolidated Macedon
Perfected the
phalanx
The Phalanx represented a war machine unmatched for discipline
and efficiency and the ancient world
Expansion under
Philip
358: Philip attacks Illyrians
357: Philip takes Amphipolis
356: Philip takes Crenides
– names it Philippi
Alexander born same year
353: Controlled Greece to
Themopylae
352: Demosthenes’s first
Philippic
Expansion under
Philip
358: Philip attacks Illyrians
357: Philip takes Amphipolis
356: Philip takes Crenides
– names it Philippi
Alexander born same year
353: Controlled Greece to
Themopylae
352: Demosthenes’s first
Philippic
Demosthenes: the most famous orator
of the day
Expansion under
Philip
358: Philip attacks Illyrians
357: Philip takes Amphipolis
356: Philip takes Crenides
– names it Philippi
Alexander born same year
353: Controlled Greece to
Themopylae
352: Demosthenes’s first
Philippic
348: Olynthus fell to
Philip – crucial to Athens
Expansion under
Philip
343: Aristotle tutored
Alexander
340: Philip took control of
the Hellespont
Expansion under
Philip
343: Aristotle tutors
Alexander
340: Philip took control of
the Hellespont
338: Demosthenes defeated
by Alexander at Chaeronea
Expansion under
Philip
343: Aristotle tutors
Alexander
340: Philip took control of
the Hellespont
338: Demosthenes defeated
by Alexander at Chaeronea
336: Philip’s first army of
10,000 resisted by Persia
Philip assassinated later that year
Alexander the Great
The most brilliant
military genius of
ancient history
Brought Greek culture
and philosophy to the
entire Near East
Alluded to in Daniel
Left behind the language of
the New Testament
Alexander the Great
The most brilliant
military genius of
ancient history
Brought Greek culture
and language to the
entire Near East
Alluded to in Daniel
Left behind the language of
the New Testament
Created the largest empire to date in ancient history
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
The legend of the Gordian Knot
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
Alexander defeated
Darius III at Issus
Detail of Alexander Mosaic, showing Battle of Issus, from
the House of the Faun, Pompeii.
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
Alexander defeated
Darius III at Issus
332: Phoenicia, Tyre, and Jerusalem
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
Alexander defeated
Darius III at Issus
332: Phoenicia, Tyre, and Jerusalem
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
336: Quickly put down
minor revolts in Greece
334: Defeated Persians
at Granicus River
333: Alexander
“unties” Gordian knot
Alexander defeated
Darius III at Issus
332: Phoenicia, Tyre, and Jerusalem
332-331: Egypt welcomed its new Pharaoh
331: Alexander Defeated Persians at Arbella
Alexander the Great (336 – 323)
334 – 331: Alexander
took control of entire
Persian Empire
330 – 324: Campaigns
in India
323: Death of
Alexander – “no more
worlds to conquer”?
The death of Alexander the Great, after Karl von Piloty.
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01-Greece - Bruce Gore