TOPIC 4: TRANSFORMATIONS IN
SOUTHERN AFRICA AFTER 1750
What transformations took place
in southern Africa after 1750?
The slides for this topic include:
● colour pictures to accompany the notes
● a start to a mindmap on this topic
● an example of a completed mindmap on this topic
● colour pictures to accompany the source-based
questions.
www.theanswer.co.za
Source: J.S, Bergh. 1984. Stamme en Ryke. Cape Town: Don Nelson.
The praise-singer of King Dingane of the Zulu,
drawn by Allen Francis Gardiner
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See page 83
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Source: Ji-Elle
Source: Steve Evans
A San rock painting from Zimbabwe
A Nguni pot and lid from the
19th century, showing the key
role of cattle in this culture
See page 85
Source: Winfried Bruenken (Amrum).
The undulating Swartland is fertile and good for farming
wheat, grapes and vegetables.
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See page 85
Source: Dr Thomas Wagner.
The Richtersveld is arid and mountainous.
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See page 85
Source: Deon Maritz
A typical Stellenbosch vineyard in the Boland
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See page 86
Richtersveld
Eastern Cape
Grahamstown
Southern
Cape
Source: Discott
Swartland
Trekboer migrations between 1740 and 1800
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See page 86
Source: Lysippos
The varied climates of the Eastern Cape support different kinds
of farming, from sheep and cattle to fruit farming.
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See page 86
An 1818 map of Africa by John Pinkerton, showing the parts of Africa familiar to Europeans
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See page 86
Source: Pinkerton, J., A Modern Atlas, from the Latest and Best Authorities,
Exhibiting the Various Divisions of the World with its chief Empires,
Kingdoms, and States; in Sixty Maps, carefully reduced from the Largest
and Most Authentic Sources. 1818, Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson Edition
Source: J.S, Bergh. 1984. Stamme en Ryke. Cape Town: Don Nelson
A drawing of a Tlhaping captain and his
wife by Rev. John Campbell, circa 1818
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See page 87
Source: Bobrayner
The Pongola River today
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See page 87
A picture of a Zulu warrior
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See page 88
Source: George F. Angus. J.S, Bergh. 1984. Stamme en Ryke. Cape Town: Don Nelson
Source: Purves, M
Source: Harri
The Zulu Kingdom encompassed mountainous grasslands and sub-tropical areas.
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See page 88
Source: http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol053fl.html
The British camp at Port Natal in 1842
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See page 90
An 1836 watercolour of Mzilikazi
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See page 90
Source: William Cornwallis Harris . J.S, Bergh.
1984. Stamme en Ryke.
Cape Town: Don Nelson
Ndebele
Gaza
Pedi
Southern
Tswana
Swazi
Ndwandwe
Sotho
Zulu
Kora
Griqua
Mpondo
San
Khoi
British
Xhosa
Boers
A sketch of where the different cultural groups
covered in this topic were distributed around 1830
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See page 90
Source: NJR ZA
A depiction of Voortrekkers on the 1949 Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria
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See page 91
Source: NJR ZA
A Voortrekker ox-wagon
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See page 91
Source: William John Burchell
A painting of a Kora from the 19th century
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See page 91
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Source: Marduk
Source: Cape Colony Archives
An early painting of a Griqua
Thaba Bosiu
See page 92
Source: Eugene Casalis
King Moshoeshoe
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See page 92
Source: "Stamme & Ryke", by J.S. Bergh, together with
A.P. Bergh. Don Nelson: Cape Town. 1984
Andrew Geddes Bain recorded the eye-catching
19th-century hairstyles of the Mpondo.
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See page 93
Source: http://www.imdb.com/media/ rm1387502848/tt0086798
A poster for the 1986 film Shaka Zulu
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See page 95
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The Trekbur by Samuel Daniell circa 1804
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See page 96
Source: Bensusan Museum. Johannesburg
A photograph of King Moshoeshoe with his ministers
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See page 96
SourceWikimedia Commons
A sketch made of King Shaka by James King in the 1820s
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See page 96
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