A DIVIDED NATION
Chapter 20
20.2 Confronting the Issue
of Slavery
Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a
slave state.
Northerners
Southerners
opposed/favored this
opposed/favored this
because…
because…
20.2 Confronting the Issue
of Slavery
Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a
slave state.
Northerners
Southerners
opposed/favored this opposed/favored this
because it would upset because there would
the balance of free & be more slave states
slave states in the
than free states in the
Senate.
Senate.
20.2 Confronting the Issue
of Slavery
Issue 2: The Tallmadge Amendment proposed
that Missouri be admitted as a free state.
Northerners
Southerners
favored/opposed this
favored/opposed this
because…
because…
20.2 Confronting the Issue
of Slavery
Part 1: The Tallmadge Amendment proposed
that Missouri be admitted as a free state.
Northerners
Southerners
favored/opposed this favored/opposed this
because it would stop because if Missouri
the spread of slavery
were admitted as a
into the Louisiana
free state, the North
Territory.
would have the votes
in Congress to end
slavery.
20.3 The Missouri Compromise
What actually happened?
• Missouri entered the Union as a slave state.
• Maine entered the Union as a free state.
• Congress drew a line at the 36° 30’ across the Louisiana
Territory. Slavery was permitted
south of that line & prohibited
north of it.
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 1: Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in
Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to
consider anti-slavery petitions.
Northern abolitionists Southerners were
were pleased/angered pleased/angered
because…
because…
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 1: Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in
Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to
consider anti-slavery petitions.
Northern abolitionists Southerners were
were pleased/angered pleased/angered
because they wanted because the South
Congress to outlaw
wanted no limitations
slavery in the capital. placed on slavery.
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 2: Some Northerners assisted fugitive
slaves.
Northerners
tolerated/condemned
this practice because…
Southerners
tolerated/condemned
this practice because…
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 2: Some Northerners assisted fugitive
slaves.
Northerners
tolerated/condemned
this practice because
they felt slavery was
wrong.
Southerners
tolerated/condemned
this practice because
they felt a runaway
slave was lost
property.
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery
would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession.
Northerners
Southerners
favored/opposed this
favored/opposed this
amendment because… amendment because…
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery
would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession.
Northerners
favored/opposed this
amendment because
they wanted to
prevent the expansion
of slavery into
territories.
Southerners
favored/opposed this
amendment because
they felt Congress had
no right to tell
slaveholders where
they could take their
property.
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 4: California applied for admission as a
free state.
Northerners
favored/opposed
admitting California as
a free state because…
Southerners
favored/opposed
admitting California as
a free state because…
20.4 The Missouri
Compromise Unravels
Issue 4: California applied for admission as a
free state.
Northerners
favored/opposed
admitting California as
a free state because it
would create more
free states than slave
states in Congress.
Southerners
favored/opposed
admitting California as
a free state because it
would make the slaves
states a minority in
Congress.
Compromise
•
•
•
•
Slavery in Washington D.C.?
Northerners assisting fugitive slaves?
Slavery in New Mexico/Utah?
Slavery in California?
20.5 The Compromise of 1850
What actually happened?
• California was admitted as a free state.
• New Mexico & Utah were organized as territories open to
slavery.
• The slave trade was ended in
Washington, D.C.
• A strong fugitive slave law was
passed.
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused
bitterness between the North & the South.
Northerners were
satisfied/dissatisfied
with the way the
Fugitive Slave Law was
enforced because…
Southerners were
satisfied/dissatisfied
with the way the
Fugitive Slave Law was
enforced because…
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused
bitterness between the North & the South.
Northerners were
satisfied/dissatisfied
with the way the
Fugitive Slave Law was
enforced because they
were asked to help
slave catchers.
Southerners were
satisfied/dissatisfied
with the way the
Fugitive Slave Law was
enforced because
northerners refused to
obey it.
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told the
story of a slave & his master.
The book was
popular/unpopular in
the North because…
The book was
popular/unpopular in
the South because…
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told the
story of a slave & his master.
The book was
popular/unpopular in
the North because it
aroused powerful
emotions against
slavery.
The book was
popular/unpopular in
the South because it
turned people against
slavery.
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that
the issue of slavery in those territories would
be decided by popular sovereignty.
Northerners were
Southerners were
pleased/unhappy
pleased/unhappy
about the act
about the act
because…
because…
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that
the issue of slavery in those territories would
be decided by popular sovereignty.
Northerners were
Southerners were
pleased/unhappy
pleased/unhappy
about the act because about the act because
it overturned the
they could take slaves
Missouri Compromise into the Louisiana
& allowed slavery
Territory.
north of the 36°30’ in
the Louisiana Territory.
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 4: The Dred Scott case—Dred Scott was a
slave who believed his trip to Wisconsin made
him a free man.
Northerners probably Southerners
believed he was
probably believed he
free/still a slave
was free/still a slave
because…
because…
20.6 The Compromise
Satisfies No One
Issue 4: The Dred Scott case—Dred Scott was a
slave who believed his trip to Wisconsin made
him a free man.
Northerners probably Southerners
believed he was
probably believed he
free/still a slave
was free/still a slave
because he had lived
because they felt slave
in a free territory.
owners should have
the right to take their
slaves anywhere.
20.6 The Compromise Satisfies No One
What actually happened?
• Scott could not sue for his freedom in a federal court
because he was not a citizen (nor could any African American
ever become a U.S. citizen).
• Scott’s stay in Wisconsin did not make him a free man
because the Missouri Compromise was
unconstitutional.
• Congress cannot ban slavery in the territories.
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglas debates,
positions regarding slavery were made clear.
Lincoln, representing
the opinion of the
North, felt slavery was
a legal/moral issue
because…
Douglas, representing
the opinion of the
South, felt slavery was
a legal/moral issue
because…
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglas debates,
positions regarding slavery were made clear.
Lincoln, representing
the opinion of the
North, felt slavery was
a legal/moral issue
because he felt slavery
was wrong.
Douglas, representing
the opinion of the
South, felt slavery was
a legal/moral issue
because he felt the
slavery issue was
settled through the
Dred Scott
decision.
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 2: John Brown attended the arsenal at
Harpers Ferry to get weapons for a slave
rebellion.
Some northerners
Southerners were
upset/reassured
unconcerned/fearful
southerners after
about Brown’s raid
Brown’s raid because… because…
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 2: John Brown attended the arsenal at
Harpers Ferry to get weapons for a slave
rebellion.
Some northerners
Southerners were
upset/reassured
unconcerned/fearful
southerners after
about Brown’s raid
Brown’s raid because
because slave
they considered Brown rebellions might
a hero.
spread throughout the
South.
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected
President.
Northerners were
happy/unhappy about
the election because…
Southerners were
happy/unhappy about
the election because…
20.8 From Compromise to
Crisis
Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected
President.
Northerners were
happy/unhappy about
the election because
Lincoln was opposed
to the spread of
slavery.
Southerners were
happy/unhappy about
the election because
they had lost most of
their political power.
20.8 From Compromise to Crisis
What actually happened?
• South Carolina & six
other states seceded
from the Union.
• South Carolina fired
on Fort Sumter.
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Issue 2: Some Northerners assisted fugitive slaves.