This PowerPoint/Keynote presentation is part of the
apologetics course entitled An Unshakeable Faith.
Copyright 2011
Way of Life Literature
P. O. Box 610368
Port Huron, MI 48061
866-295-4143
http://www.wayoflife.org
[email protected]
In Canada
Bethel Baptist Church, 4212 Campbell St. N., London,
Ontario N6P 1A6
519-652-2619
Most of the
photographs in this
presentation (except
for those pertaining
to Tut) were taken by
the author on
location.
Archaeological
Treasures that Confirm
the Bible
Part Three
Egypt
The first mention of
Egypt in the Bible is in
Genesis 12 when
Abraham went there to
escape the famine in
Canaan.
It was to Egypt that Jacob
and his sons moved to
escape the great famine
after Joseph became viceruler, and Israel dwelt
there for 400 years before
departing under the
leadership of Moses.
Egypt was often used by
God to judge Israel during
the time of the Judges and
the Kingdom
Moses’
Pharaoh
There were probably at
least two pharaohs
associated with Moses’ life:
one who ruled when he was
born and another who ruled
during the Exodus.
Israel was in Egypt from
about 1876 to 1446 BC,
when God raised up Moses
to lead them to the
Promised Land.
“Now there arose up a
new king over Egypt,
which knew not Joseph”
(Exodus 1:8).
“And Pharaoh charged all
his people, saying, Every
son that is born ye shall
cast into the river, and
every daughter ye shall
save alive” (Exodus 1:22).
“By faith Moses, when he
was come to years,
refused to be called the
son of Pharaoh’s
daughter” (Hebrews
11:24).
Hatshepsut was the
daughter of Pharaoh
Tuthmosis I, who probably
issued the decree to have
the Jewish babies killed.
“A noted historian wrote:
‘Only she of all known
women of the period
possessed the presumption
and independence to violate
an ordinance of the king,
and under his very nose at
that.’”
There is a red granite
obelisk inscribed with the
name of Hatshepsut in the
British Museum.”
There is also a statue of
Tuthmosis I in the British
Museum.
Some say the pharaoh of
the Exodus was Amenophis
II (also called Amenhotep).
It is interesting to speculate
about this, but since the
Bible doesn’t give his name,
it is not important for us to
know it.
“The secret things belong
unto the LORD out God: but
those things which are
revealed belong unto us and
to our children for ever, that
we may do all the words of
this law” (Deuteronomy
29:29).
King Tut
Moses’ decision to give up
his life as an adopted son of
Pharaoh can better be
understood in light of the
discovery of the burial
chambers of King
Tutankhamun in 1922.
The wealth represented in
this one tomb is staggering.
There is a solid gold coffin
weighing about 243 pounds
It is estimated that the
tomb’s gold plate alone
weighs 400 pounds.
A gold death mask
Gold daggers and
gold-plated bows
Gold- and gem-encrusted
jewelry
A carved wooden
throne encased in gold
with details inlaced in
silver and glass
A gold encased chest inlayed with semi-precious
stones and painted with hunting scenes
The tomb had four
dismantled chariots, one of
which was encased in gold.
The mummy was nested in
four coffins. The outer was
red stone. The next two
coffins were made of wood
covered with gold. The
innermost coffin, covering
the mummy, was solid gold.
Moses’ wise
choice
The glory represented by
Tut gives the background
for the choice that Moses
made in his youth, when he
rejected life as an adopted
son of pharaoh, with its
pagan wealth and pleasure,
choosing rather to serve the
true and living God and to
cast his lot with God’s
despised people.
“By faith Moses, when he
was come to years, refused
to be called the son of
Pharaoh's daughter;
choosing rather to suffer
affliction with the people of
God, than to enjoy the
pleasures of sin for a
season” (Hebrews 11:24-25)
“Esteeming the reproach of
Christ greater riches than
the treasures in Egypt: for
he had respect unto the
recompence of the reward”
(Hebrews 11:26)
Egyptian
Doctrine of
Salvation
The Egyptian doctrine of
salvation dates back to Cain
and his offering of good
works to God. It is the same
doctrine that most people
believe today.
The Egyptian
Book of the Dead
describes the
deceased led into
a hall of judgment
by Anubis.
There his heart is
weighed against the
feather of Maat,
signifying the weighing
of his good works
against the bad.
If he passes the
judgment he is
received into the
presence of the
gods.
Here we see the entire scene.
The vast majority of
people everywhere
believe this ancient
Egyptian lie, thinking
that salvation is by
good deeds, sincerity,
religion, etc.
The truth is that man is
totally condemned by
God’s righteous
standards and only
through the sacrifice of
Christ can any sinner
be accepted before
Almighty God.
“For all have sinned,
and come short of the
glory of God; being
justified freely by his
grace through the
redemption that is in
Christ Jesus” (Romans
3:23-24).
This gospel was not
hidden in the days of
Egypt’s might. It has
been proclaimed
through the prophets
since the days of Abel
and was typified by
Israel’s sacrificial
system.
The Merneptah
Stele
This is the most ancient
reference to Israel outside
of Scripture.
It dates to 1229 B.C. and was erected
by Pharaoh Mernepah to celebrate a
military campaign in Canaan.
The 7.5 foot tall
stele was
discovered in 1896
and is in the Cairo
Museum.
“Canaan is captive with all
woe. Ashkelon is
conquered. Gezer seized.
... Israel is wasted, bare of
seed.”
The event occurred during
the period of the Judges,
and the reference to Israel
having no seed refers to
the nation’s destroyed
food supply.
It proves that even then
Israel was a nation of
some importance.
Otherwise, the proud king
of Egypt would not have
mentioned her.
It also confirms the Bible’s
account of how that Israel
was often harassed by
neighboring nations
because of her sin.
It refutes the liberal view
that Israel did not enter the
land of Canaan until about
1230 BC, because by then
the Mernepah stele confirms
that she was already a
recognized nation in the
land.
It also refutes the
modernistic “12th century
emergence theory” which
claims that Israel emerged
from the Canaanite people
in about 1150 BC instead of
coming into the land from
Egypt in about 1450.
These are just some of the
archaeological artifacts
pertaining to Egypt that
demonstrate the historical
accuracy of the Bible.
NOTE TO
TEACHERS
There are review
questions and a
summary to this
section in the book
An Unshakeable
Faith.
This PowerPoint/Keynote presentation is part of the
apologetics course entitled An Unshakeable Faith.
Copyright 2011
Way of Life Literature
P. O. Box 610368
Port Huron, MI 48061
866-295-4143
http://www.wayoflife.org
[email protected]
In Canada
Bethel Baptist Church, 4212 Campbell St. N., London,
Ontario N6P 1A6
519-652-2619
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