Road to Revolution:
1821 to 1836
7th Grade
Texas History
Key:
• Important point
• Vocabulary term
Question:
Why is this period important?
• Once Mexico gained independence from Spain
in 1821, the new government needed people
and money. In order to achieve this, Mexico
allowed immigrants from the United States.
• Over the next 10 years, Anglo settlers tried to
maintain their own heritage rather than adapt to
the Mexican culture.
• This led to conflict between settlers and the
government.
Question:
What are important events prior to the Texas
Revolution?
Year
Event
1682
First missions established in Texas
1821
1824
American colonization in Texas begins
Mexican Federal Constitution written
1830
1832
Law of April 6, 1830 passed
Turtle Bayou Resolutions;
Convention of 1832
1833
Convention of 1833;
Imprisonment of Stephen F. Austin
Question:
What are the signs of conflict between the
Mexican government and Anglo settlers?
• Mexican Constitution of 1824
• Forced settlers to become Catholic
• Restricted (disallowed) slavery in Mexico
• Texans wanted laws that favored individual states
(states’ rights), while many in Mexico favored laws that
helped the entire nation (nationalists).
Question:
What are the signs of conflict between the
Mexican government and Anglo settlers?
• Law of April 6, 1830
•
•
•
•
Stopped U.S. immigration into Mexico
Made importing slaves illegal
Placed import taxes (tariffs) on goods from the U.S.
Enforced the law by sending soldiers into Texas
• Texans felt the law violated the Constitution of 1824. The
taxes were unfair because they only applied to U.S.
goods, and the increased military presence created fear
among Anglos and people of Mexican descent living in
Texas (Tejanos)
Question:
What are the signs of conflict between the
Mexican government and Anglo settlers?
• Turtle Bayou Resolutions (1832)
• Written to show loyalty the Constitution of 1824
• Pledged support for Santa Anna, who gave the
appearance of supporting states’ rights
• Made necessary by small, brief fighting (skirmish)
between Texan militia and Mexican troops
• Santa Anna led a revolution against the supporters of
strong national government and weak states (centralists)
in 1832. This is shortly before the problems at Anahuac.
Texans thought Santa Anna would defend the
Constitution of 1824 and support their cause to be an
independent Mexican state.
Question:
What are the signs of conflict between the
Mexican government and Anglo settlers?
• Conventions of 1832 and 1833
• 56 people chosen to represent Texas (delegates)
• Stephen F. Austin elected president of the Convention
of 1832
• Pledged loyalty to (allegiance) the Constitution of
1824
• Asked that Law of April 6, 1832 be cancelled
(repealed)
• Wanted Coahuila y Tejas divided into two states
• Texas Constitution drafted at Convention of 1833
Question:
What are the signs of conflict between the
Mexican government and Anglo settlers?
• Arrest of Stephen F. Austin in 1833
• Austin presented Texans’ request for separate
statehood, mail service, public schools, and the
repeal of the Law of April 6, 1830
• When government delayed meeting, SFA sent letter
to San Antonio recommending Texas begin preparing
to become a separate state in Mexico.
• Government officials intercepted the letter and
accused SFA of treason (attempting to overthrow the
government).
Question:
How did Texas respond to the arrest of
Stephen F. Austin?
• By arresting SFA, Santa Anna proved he was not a
supporter of states’ rights.
• Santa Anna sent his brother-in-law, General Martin
Perfecto de Cos, to enforce laws and squash resistance.
• Texans split into two groups (factions) over how to
handle the crisis.
– The War Party thought armed resistance and freedom from
Mexican control (independence) was the way to go.
– The Peace Party, wanted to wait and see how Santa Anna would
govern.
• When SFA returned to Texas from prison, he urged
Texas to prepare for war with Mexico.