Chapter 3
Ancient Egypt
The Geography of Ancient Egypt
Lesson 1
Nile River Valley
Valley along the Nile River
Nile River Valley
Upper Egypt
The southern part of Egypt (to the south)
Lower Egypt
The northern part of Egypt (to the north)
Silt
Clay, black soil & rock. It has minerals that
make the soil rich
Delta
A triangular piece of land found at the
mouth of rivers
Economy
Use of workers and resources to produce
goods
Irrigation
Watering of dry land by means of streams,
canals or pipes.
Chapter 3
Ancient Egypt
The History of Ancient Egypt
Lesson 2
Menes
King of Upper Egypt who united the two
kingdoms
The King’s Crown
Upper Egypt
Double Crown
Lower Egypt
Memphis
City which was located where the “stalk”
of Upper Egypt meets the “blossom” of
Lower Egypt
Pharaoh
Egypt’s supreme ruler – Means great place
Pyramids
Tombs in which pharaohs were buried
Khufu
Great pyramid built for Khufu
Pyramid Construction
Pyramid Construction
Pyramid Construction
Inside the Pyramid
Empire
Group of lands & people under one
government
Thebes
Glorious capital city of the great empire
Hatshepsut
The first women ruler known to history
Kush
Location of powerful rulers who took over
Egypt
Valley of the Kings
Burial place of many pharaohs
Howard Carter
Found the tomb of Tutankhamen
Tutankhamen
King Tut – Began rule at 9 years old &
died at 19
Chapter 3
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Civilization
Lesson 3
Hieroglyphics
 Pictures & signs of ancient Egyptian
writing
Hieroglyphics
Chap. 3
Egypt
Papyrus
Paper made from reeds in the Nile Delta
Scribe
People who receive training to write &
keep records
Rosetta Stone
A large black stone with carvings in 3
languages – hieroglyphics – Egyptian –
Greek
Slavery
The practice of one person owning another
Social Pyramid