Historical Terms and Definitions
Students will gain an understanding of the meaning of
important historical terms.
Students will learn the definitions of words that are key
to understanding United States history.
Students will comprehend how interpreting maps helps
to clarify the meaning of many historical terms and
concepts.
1.
Manifest Destiny
http://www.historyonthenet.com/American_West/manifest_destiny.htm
A 19th century American belief that it was the destiny of the United
States to expand its territory over the entire North American continent
2.
Spiro Mounds
A prehistoric Native American archaeological site in Southeastern Oklahoma
where twelve mounds can be found on the 150 acre protected site
Photo by Glenda Sullivan
3.
Louisiana
Purchase
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/18/United_States_Louisiana_Purchase_states.png
4.
Nullification Crisis
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_BZFYe98kpkk/S-vDQaJACUI/AAAAAAAAC4k/WNZ1txQdZ-U/s400/Destruction+of+the+Snake+South+Carolina.jpg
A situation that arose in 1832 during the presidency of Andrew Jackson
when leaders of South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, advanced the
idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could “nullify”
the law
5.
Underground
Railroad
http://historyscoop.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/map16.gif
A network of people
who helped the
escaped slaves on
their way to
freedom in the
northern states or
Canada
http://www.tntwebs.com/escapeslavery.jpg
6.
Abolitionist Movement
A movement whose goal was the
immediate emancipation of all
slaves and the end of racial
discrimination and segregation
http://www.alomani.com/knowledge/history/us/images/Abolitionists.jpg
http://tdl.org/txlor-dspace/bitstream/handle/2249.3/617/images/image20.jpg
http://www.history.com/images/media/slideshow/slavery-the-battle-over-slavery/united-states-1854.jpg
7.
Sectionalism
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/314/flashcards/1391314/jpg/sectionalism1355492663453.jpg
The belief that one section or region of a
country is better than any other section of
region of that country
Example: North vs. South led to Civil War
http://www.soldierstudies.org/images/webquest/civil%20war%20soldiers.jpg
8.
http://jackiewhiting.net/AP/Images/Missouri_Compromise_map.jpg
An 1820 congressional agreement that regulated the extension of slavery in
the United States--The territory of Missouri was admitted as a slave state.
The territory of Maine was admitted as a free state. The boundaries of
slavery were limited to the same latitude as the southern boundary of
Missouri, 36º30´ N.
Ku Klux Klan
9.
http://media.photobucket.com/user/kacup/media/0050_ku_klux_klan_03.jpg.html
A secret society organized in the South after the Civil War advocating
maintenance of white supremacy by violent methods
10.
State and local laws in the
United States enacted between
1876 and 1965 that mandated
racial segregation in many public
and private facilities in Southern
states of the former Confederacy
http://www.mrnussbaum.com/civil_war/jim_crow2.jpg
Jim Crow laws
http://envisioningtheamericandream.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/racist-sign-31-swscan10607.jpg
https://woodward8.wikispaces.com/file/view/restrooms.jpg/39680354/restrooms.jpg
11.
Chinese Exclusion Act
http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/d7348b276f38bc340409f1705c35c412_1M.png
A federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur in 1882,
prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
Nativism
12.
http://www.zcommunications.org/nativism-is-big-business-by-meghan-conley.html
The policy of protecting the interests of native born or established
inhabitants against those of immigrants
13.
Industrialization
http://historoda.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/2121487586_f3af3a15ae.jpg
The process by which a country transforms itself from a primarily
agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods
and services
14.
Labor Movement
http://www.cartoonwork.com/unions_g54-employee_free_choice_act_p317.html
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Wjilb5KunI0/UhwNIt6pjNI/AAAAAAAACE8/uL7tdRXs4GU/s1600/labor+day2.jpg
A movement from 1865-1919 in the United States to protect the common
interests of workers and to get them better wages, reasonable hours,
and safer working conditions--The movement was initiated by strikes that
began because of wage cuts, new inventions of machinery, and the
depersonalization of workers.
15.
Progressive Movement
The demand for
change or
progress in an
effort to cure
many of the
ills of the
American
society that had
developed
during the
great spurt of
industrial
growth in the
last quarter of
the 19th
Century
http://img.docstoccdn.com/thumb/orig/112824118.png
16.
Muckrakers
http://cache2.artprintimages.com/p/LRG/30/3032/KYVBF00Z/art-print/cartoon-of-president-theodore-roosevelt-as-a-muckraker-cleaning-up-the-meat-scandal.jpg
A term coined during the Progressive Era based on a literary character
who was so busy cleaning and raking up the muck and dirt that he
didn’t see the good things that were above his head
17.
Suffrage
The right to vote in
political elections
http://staff.harrisonburg.k12.va.us/~cwalton/USHisto
ry/suffrageparade.jpg
http://americanwiki.pbworks.com/w/page/12595194/Black%20Suffrage
http://bsumaps.blogspot.com/2010_08_01_archive.html
http://imgc.allpostersimages.com/images/P-488-488-90/61/6184/ZT81100Z/posters/women-ssuffrage-1920.jpg
18.
Temperance Movement
A movement led mostly by
women in the 19th & early
20th centuries to encourage
moderation in the consumption
of alcoholic beverages or
to prohibit the use of alcohol
completely
http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/temperance-movement-1890-granger.jpg
http://www.tenontours.com/assets/Irish-Temperance-Movement.jpg
19.
Democracy
A form of government
in which people choose
leaders by voting
http://greece.mrdonn.org/athensdemocracy.html
http://cathysvoicenow.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/printelect-i-voted-today.jpg
http://www.themomoftheyear.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/MP9003848741.jpg
20.
A social organization in which all economic & social activity is
controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political party
Communism
Photo by Glenda Sullivan
http://c3e308.medialib.glogster.com/media/57/57a08fbf9147da3dd3caed5de51d376d7ad64838fca19058f49e771cd7201bc6/westward.jpg
In summary, as we study historical geography, keep in mind the
correlation between the two disciplines. For example, the historical
term westward expansion is an example of one of the five themes of
geography: Movement of goods, people and ideas from place to place.
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LP#2 Historical Terms Definitions