THE BRIDGE FROM THE OLD WEST AND
INDUSTRIAL AGE TO MODERN TIMES
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1920’s
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A.Mitchell Palmer and the Red ScareAttorney General who accused innocent
people of being communist and
created the mass hysteria when people
worried that communists were going to take
over the US
Sacco and Vanzetti- two Italian immigrants
who were falsely accused and executed of
murder and robbery; example of intolerance
of the period
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RED
SCARE
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RACISM
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RACISM
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OIL
SCANDAL
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. This case illustrated how Americans during
the 1920’s were Nativists and strongly
aligned with xenophobia:
A. Schenck v. United States
B. Sacco and Vanzetti
C. Scottsboro Boys
D. Roe v. Wade
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What major event sparked the Red Scare in
the United States?
A. World War I
B. Russian Revolution
C. Forming of the League of Nations
D. The Great Depression
Which statement is MOST correct when describing the Flappers?
A. They were a result of the passage of the 19th Amendment.
B. They were a “Lost Generation.”
C. They were a sign of social stability and women embracing
traditional roles.
D. They were a vivid illustration of how women wanted to break with
traditional roles.
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The Teapot Dome Scandal involved:
A. violations of the Volstead Act
B. sale of government lands
C. leasing federal oil reserves
D. misuse of Veteran’s Bureau funds
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In 1924, a government investigation revealed
that Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall had
accepted bribes from oilmen to secure leases
to government oil reserves. This incident
became known as the —
A Forbes Scandal.
B Nan Britton Scandal.
C Teapot Dome Scandal.
D Ethics in Government Scandal.
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Ku Klux Klan- first formed after the Civil War
(1860s) and was revived during this period of
intolerance; KKK persecuted African
Americans, Jews, Catholics, alcoholics,
adulterers, immigrants
Marcus Garvey- led the Black Nationalists
movement; promoted black pride in their
culture; encouraged African-Americans to
start their own businesses; started a back-toAfrica movement; he embezzled $from his
followers and was sentenced to prison
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Prohibition and 18th amendment- made
alcohol illegal
21st amendment- repealed prohibition (made
it legal again)
speakeasies- illegal bars where alcohol was
sold
Al Capone- king of the mob; made his
fortune on gambling, prostitution, and illegal
alcohol
Volstead Act- enforced prohibition
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jazz
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Movie star
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Silent
Movie
star
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Flappers- symbolized the revolution in
morals and manners; women who drank,
smoked, cursed, cut their hair
short, wore short sleeveless dresses, danced
the Charleston…
Popularity of radio (first stations hit the air) ,
movies (first talking movie was The Jazz
Singer) , and Sports (Babe Ruth, Jack
Dempsey, Red Grange); all were huge forms
of entertainment
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The Jazz Age- name given for the music of the
period---Louis Armstrong, and Duke Ellingtonfamous jazz musicians
Harlem Renaissance- rebirth of art and literature
in the black community; center of this rebirth
was Harlem, NY
The Lost Generation- group of artists and writers
that were disillusioned with society; they were
disgusted with the materialism and were
disillusioned from the war
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Popularity of radio (first stations hit the air) , movies (first
talking movie was The Jazz Singer) , and
Sports (Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey, Red Grange); all were
huge forms of entertainment
Impact of Automobile- made other industries like oil,
gasoline, rubber, glass, paint, steel, etc. boom; had a
dramatic impact on the landscape with red lights, parking
lots, stop signs, gas stations, etc.
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Assembly line- allowed goods to be produced faster and
therefore, cheaper
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Charles Lindbergh- flew the Spirit of St. Louis from NY to
Paris non-stop; became a hero overnight
Henry Ford’s Model T
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Which of the following developments was
NOT influenced by the
automobile?
A. introduction of new appliances
B. family & community changes
C. people moved to suburbs
D. oil, rubber & steel industries boomed
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“In our firs assembling we simply started to put the car together
at a spot and brought the parts as they were needed in exactly
the same way that one business builds a house….The first step
forward in an assembly line came when we began taking the
work to the men instead of the men to the work…The net result
of this application of these principles is the necessity for thought
on the part of the workers…”
Who is the author of this quote and what was this method applied
to during the 1920’s?
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A. Sacco and Vanzetti/Shoe Production
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B. Henry Ford/Car Production
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C. Wright Brothers/Airplane Production
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D. Charles Lindbergh/Airplane Production
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“Have you an automobile yet?”
“No, I talked it over with John and he felt we could not afford one.”
“Mr. Judge who lives in your town has one and they are not as well off as you are.”
“Yes, I know. Their second installment came due, and they had no money to pay
it.”
“What did they do? Lose the car?”
“No, they got the money and paid the installment.”
“How did they get the money?”
“They sold the cook-stove.”
“How could they get along without a cook-stove?”
“They didn’t. They bought another on the installment plan.”
— excerpt from A Personal Voice, 1920s
The excerpt above suggests that one of the causes of the Great Depression was
the increasing —
A price of consumer products.
B level of consumer debt.
C availability of imported goods.
D emphasis on saving money.
In an essay justify this response.
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Flappers- drastic changes in women
Automobile- changes that took place in
industries, families, travel
Prohibition- speakeasies, Al Capone,
bootlegging, breaking the law
Revival of the KKK- membership reached 5
million, example of intolerance and prejudice
of the period
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Which of the following reform movements
helped lead to the passage of the
constitutional amendment that instituted
national Prohibition?
A The abolitionist movement
B The utopian movement
C The temperance movement
D The colonization movement
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During which era did young women called
“flappers” rebel against social
standards?
A The Gilded Age
B The Progressive Era
C The Roaring Twenties
D The Great Depression
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Sacco and Vanzetti- example of xenophobia and
intolerance, two Italian immigrants were
executed for robbery and murder even though
they had alibis and didn’t do it (we now believe)
Harlem Renaissance- rebirth of art, music,
literature etc. in the African American
community; Langston Hughes was a well known
Harlem Renaissance writer
Jazz Age- dances like the Charleston were the
rage; musicians included Louis Armstrong and
Duke Ellington
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Scopes Trial- fundamentalism was challenged
when Scopes taught evolution in school; it
fueled the controversy of whether schools
should teach religion (evolution vs.
creationism)
Sports figures like Babe Ruth, Gertrude
Ederle, Jack Dempsey, Red Grange…
Charles Lindberg and the Spirit of St. Louisfirst to fly non-stop across the Atlantic from
NY to Paris
ETC.
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African Americans moved from the south to
the city for all of the following reasons
EXCEPT:
A. They hoped to find a steady job with good
pay.
B. They wanted to escape the Jim Crow Laws
of the south.
C. The Harlem Renaissance was attractive.
D. They all wanted to be a part of the Garvey
Movement