China’s Influence on Vietnam
and Korea during the Tang and
Song Dynasties
By Nina Haydock
Tang Dynasty
618-907CE
Following the assassination of Sui Yangdi
The Sui Dynasty came to an end in 618CE
A rebel leader, Li Yuan, captured Chang’an
Proclaimed himself emperor, named the Dynasty Tang
Li Yuan’s reign ended in 626CE
Taizong (627-649CE), second emperor of the Tang Dynasty
Murdered two brothers and forced the abdication of his
father to be emperor
One of the greatest emperors in Chinese
History
His reign is referred to as “Flourishing Age”
Tang Taizong
Tang Dynasty
• Tang Code (624CE), first set of Chinese Codes. Consists of Crimes
and their penalties.
• Refined distribution of land. Equal distribution of land to peasant
families. Allowed all enough land to support themselves and pay
taxes.
• Increase production of rice as it became more
profitable. Developed new tools to cultivate rice.
Rice Field Plow
• Armies consisted of aristocrats and peasants. The army had
700,000 horses which were used by
accomplished cavalrymen.
• Buddhism was at it’s peak in the beginning of
the Tang Dynasty. Confucianism slowly gained
a
greater following. In 845CE, Emperor Li Chan
forbid
Buddhism. 40,000 temples and shrines
were
destroyed.
Song Dynasty
• Divided into the Northern Song Dynasty and the
Southern Song Dynasty
Northern Dynasty
(960-1126CE)
Southern Dynasty
(1127-1289CE)
Northern Song Dynasty
Capital- Kaifeng
Before Song Dynasty lost control of northern China
to the Jurchen Jin Dynasty, they occupied
territory to the north of the Yangzi River.
Yangzi River
Southern Song Dynasty
Capital- Hangzhou
Dynasty controlled most of inner China
Song Government and Advances
• Taizu (960-1279CE), first emperor of
the Song Dynasty. Proclaimed
emperor by his troops.
Emperor Taizu
• Developed a strong central
government, all military and
government officials were favored
and paid handsomely.
• Developed the use of gunpowder,
the cannon and the flamethrower.
An accurate clock was made in the
city of Kaifeng.
• Advances in printing allowed books
to become more common to the
wealthy. Education increased (to
become part of the government
examinations were developed)
• Neo-Confucianism spread during the
dynasty. Zhu Xi helped in this
expansion. Nobles lived up to
Confucian ideals, selflessness.
• The well-known blue and white
porcelain became popular. Celadon,
another type of porcelain became
popular.
Celadon porcelain
Chinese Invasion of Korea
During the Tang Dynasty, Chinese invaded
Korea in hopes of expanding the
empire.
The leader of the Silla Dynasty recognized
defeat. The Silla Emperor agreed to
recognize the Tang Emperor as it’s
superior.
New Capital was built at Kumsong –
resembling the Tang capital at
Chang’an
Confucianism spread throughout the elite
in Korea.
The Chinese system of schooling also
became popular in Korea.
Invasion of Vietnam
Overpowered resistance from the Viets, expanded Chinese
culture and ways of living
Spread education throughout Vietnam
Even though the Chinese could not overpower the Vietnamese
in the south. The Chinese culture had influence there as
well.
The southern Vietnamese’s government reflected aspects of
the Chinese government. Confucianism also played a part in
the education of government officials.
Sources
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http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9071162/Tang-Dynasty
http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/tang.
html
http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/tang.html
http://www.allempires.com/article/index.php?q=The_Song_Dynasty
http://www.hometownchina.com/song.htm
http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/song
.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Dynasty
http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Union/7050/tang.htm