The Irish
Question
INDEX
1 – Introduction
2 – Background
3 – The Act of Union
4 – Home Rule Party
5 – The Easter Rising
6 – The Irish War of Indipendence
6.1 – The Battle of Dublin
6.2 – Michael Collins
7 – The birth of EIRE
8 – Republic of Ireland
DEEP QUESTIONS
Historical reasons
Religious reasons
HISTORICAL REASONS
Ireland was colonized by England in the XIII
century
English introduced feudalism in Ireland,
subduing Irish people
RELIGIOUS QUESTION
Conflict between Catholic Irish and Protestant
British
THE BATTLE
OF
THE
BOYNE
English Protestants settled in Ulster
The war broke out in 1690: English Protestants
were supported by William of Orange; Irish
Catholics helped by James II
THE IRISH PEOPLE
CONTINUED
ASKING FOR
THE ACT OF UNION
•
•
•
Approved on 2th July
1800
The Act gave origin to
the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and
Ireland that came into
effect on 1st January
1801
The Anglican Church
became the official
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HOME RULE
In 1845-46 Irish asked for Home Rule
In 1905 the Home Rule Party was founded and
called Sinn Feinn
In 1916 uprising in Dublin
THE EASTER RISING
•
•
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In the same year, the
Irish Republicans led
the Easter Rising
The aims were: the end
of British rule in Ireland
and the establishment
of Irish Republican
The bloody and the
born of IRA (Irish
Republican Army)
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THE IRISH WAR OF
INDIPENDENCE
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British Government VS
IRA
Outbreak of war in
January 1919, ended in
1921
Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921
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THE BATTLE OF DUBLIN
The Battle lasted from 28 June to 5 July 1922.
It marked the beginning of the Irish Civil War,
which ended in 1923.

MICHAEL
COLLINS
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(1890-1922)
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Considered by
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Irish politicians
one of
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Irish State, he was
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who died during
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THE BIRTH OF EIRE
The Irish Free State is renamed EIRE (the Gaelic
name of Ireland).
The Constitution of Ireland came into force.
Ireland was not a Republic yet.
REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
1948 Republic of Ireland Act.
1949 Ireland became officially a Republic.
1955 Ireland joined the United Nations.
FROM THE REPUBLIC
IRELAND UNTIL TODAY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Troubles with the Ulster were not solved.
The birth of UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force).
The UVF organized many attacks.
The Battle of the Bogside (12-14 August
1969).
Sunningdale Agreement in 1972.
Refuse of Sunningdale Agreement and
successive huge strikes.
Ceasefires in 1994 between Loyalist and
Republican paramilitaries.
FROM THE REPUBLIC
IRELAND UNTIL TODAY
IRA continued to commit attacks.
Good Friday Agreement in 1997 momentarily
stopped the attacks.
Nevertheless IRA keeped on dropping bombs.
Today IRA lost its control over the nationalists
and it is now just a small group of violents.
“SITEOGRAPHY”
www.wikipedia.com
www.bbc.co.uk
www.fas.org
www.great-britain.co.uk/history/ireland.htm
Project and Presentation
by
MATTEO RUSSO
PAMELA MUGNAI
GIANLUCA BARGELLI
5° D Erica
A.S. 2009 - 2010
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michael collins (1890