Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
Important Issues for the Republicans =
A. Expansionism = Louisiana Purchase
Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Colorado,
Montana, Nebraska, and the Dakotas +
Wilderness Road
2
Nationalism
B.
= Era Of Good Feelings
A new spirit of pride and national
unity, superiority of America, loyalty
rises, emphasis on education
Thomas Jefferson
Diplomat, Architect,
Writer, Scientist,
President
Founder of the University of Virginia
Father of the Declaration of
Independence
Thomas Jefferson= 3rd
President
Cutting
Costs & Simplifying Finances
Judicial Changes
War
on Judiciary : impeaching
judges : only for criminal
behavior
Marbury vs. Madison
strengthened the Supreme Court =
Judicial Review
Expansionism
The West is opened
The Wilderness Road: Cumberland
Gap
=
Louisiana Territory
 $15
million
France Needs $$$$
Louisiana Territory
$15
+ New Orleans
million
The U.S. doubled in size!!
Lewis & Clark
The
Lewis and Clark Expedition
2 years
Great Discoveries
TeachersFirst Resource Listings
Aaron Burr
Election of 1800
Burr and Thomas Jefferson each had
seventy-three votes, and the House of
Representatives on the thirty-sixth ballot
elected Jefferson President and Burr
Vice President;
Aaron Burr
Got
Milk?????
Lost the election of 1800 by 2 votes !!
Wanted to start another country, exposed
by Hamilton.
Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel with
pistols.
Alexander Hamilton Dies
 challenged
and mortally wounded Alexander
Hamilton in a duel fought at Weehawken, N.J.,
July 11, 1804; indicted for murder in New York
and New Jersey but never tried in either
jurisdiction;
Escaped to South Carolina
then returned to Washington and
completed his term of service as Vice
President;
Arrested and tried for treason
 in August
1807 for attempting to form a republic in
the Southwest of which he was to be the head, but
was acquitted;
Went abroad in 1808
returned to New York City in 1812 and resumed the
practice of law;
Died in Port Richmond
Staten Island, N.Y., September 14, 1836; interment
in the President’s lot, Princeton Cemetery,
Princeton, N.J.
Newspaper Article : Explain the
Headlines
1.
Presidential Style
2.
National Administration
3.
Judicial Changes
4. Westward Expansion
The U.S. Enters the War of 1812
As Napoleon expected, war
broke out , last for 12 years.
1.
2. Blockades &
Impressment
 Force Americans
to become Brit Soldiers..
3. The Chesapeake Incident
Entered American Ship – forced
impressment
 Brits
4. War Hawks
 Henry
Clay, John C. Calhoun wanted war.
 1. Southern planters & western farmers hurt by
Brits trade restrictions.
 2. Native American clashes in the West blamed on
English. Armed them.
Embargo Act
Halts
all trade between US & Europe
Hurts the US the most.
Repealed after 2 years.
The War Hawks
Hate
Impressment
Hate Indians
Tecumseh organized
Creeks to not sell land
Confiscated weapons
from Indians were made
by England
Mr. Madison’s War
 The
War of 1812
 Britain and American Conflict : the Final time
Tippecanoe
 Tecumseh,
a Shawnee leader, believed that Indians
needed to unite to protect their land.
 His
brother, the “Prophet” lived in traditional
Native American way of living in Indiana.
William Henry Harrison
Governor of Indiana is Prepared to stamp
it out!!
¼ of Harrison’s troops killed or wounded.
Shattered Indians belief in their Prophet’s
leadership.
Tecumseh fled to Canada.
Prove
that British were helping the
Indians.
The War of 1812
Mixed
Results
Andrew Jackson is a hero in Battle
of New Orleans
The Treaty of Ghent: restored
boundaries. Little else.
Florida
The Second War for Independence
Burned
Washington
Changes from the War of 1812
Northern boundary of Louisiana Territory
 No more quarrels over boundaries
 Britain and U.S. agreed to 10 yr. Joint
occupation of Oregon Country



Opened Western coast to U.S.
Spain gives Florida to U.S.
Star Spangled Banner
Francis
Scott Key wrote this anthem.
National & Sectional Feelings Grow
1.
The Great Foreign Disputes are
settled. One party rule.
2. Rapid Economic Expansion
3. Beginning of the Machine Age :
Eli
Whitney
Lowell – factories
 Women
Labor
 Choices for Women
Seth Thomas – mechanical clock
Machine Age
Machine Age
Is Born
Lowell Mills
Factory System
Women Workers
opportunity
ELi Whitney
Cotton is King !!
Seth Thomas
Mechanical Clock
National & Sectional Feelings
1.
Era of Good Feelings: Nationalism
2. American System
3 Protective Tariffs
Jackson invades Florida.
 Expands
the border.
 Seminoles = runaways
 Raids against Americans, Spain cannot control.
Jackson & troops enter Fla.
 Destroyed
villages & seized The Spanish
settlements. Removed the Governor.
 Spain gives territory to US = Adams Onis Treaty.
4. Transportation Improvements

Canals
 Erie
Canal in 1825.
5. The Second Bank of the U.S.
 National
bank to disperse money, make loans, &
control state banks.
6. Monroe Doctrine
 The
USA is not to be “considered as subjects for
future colonization by any European powers.”
 Prevents
others from interfering in the Latin
American political affairs.
7. Missouri Compromise
 Missouri
entered the Union as a Slave State.
 Maine came in as a Free State.
 Union
had 11 free & 11 slave states in 1819.
 Missouri Compromise preserved a balance.
 Henry Clay is the author & promoter.
The Missouri Compromise:
Henry
Clay composes = The Great
Compromiser
It resolves conflict for 20 years!!
Growing Sectionalism
Henry
for :
Clay organized and campaigned
Cheap Labor
Maine is admitted as a free state.
 Keep
a balance between the states!!
Missouri is admitted as a slave
state
Preserves
the balance in the SENATE.
Louisiana Purchase is Split
Territory
2
Spheres of interest
1 for Slave Holders
1 for Free Settlers
North is Free
South is Dependent on Slavery
President Monroe signs in 1820
 Stability
= Era of Good Feelings
New Inventions Change Lives

The South Becomes a Cotton
Kingdom
 Eli Whitney’s Invention
 A land rush
 Running a Cotton Plantation
 Financing a Cotton Kingdom
I.
Industrial Revolution Spreads
A.
The Use of interchangeable parts
B. The growth of Mills
C. Working Conditions
D. The Boarding House
 Lots
of rules
 Attend Church
E. The First Factory Strike
The Southern Economy
Cash Crops: Tobacco, Cotton,
Indigo, Rice
Cotton Becomes King
1840’s
= 2 million bales of cotton
produced
1860’s = 4 million
2/3 of the U.S.’s export trade
Planters
1850
Southern
White population = 6 million
347,525 were slave holders
But
37,000
were planters/ held 20 or more
slaves
8,000 held 50 or more slaves
11 held over 500 slaves
Most were Yeoman Farmers
 They
worked on the land themselves.
Slavery
Plantations
depended on slavery
Most worked on Plantations
2 groups
Field Laborers
House slaves
Coping with Slavery
Culture
Songs
– Dreams of Freedom
Resistance & Rebellion
Religion
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Jefferson, Madison, Monroepresidency