Alexa Hershy and Gina Lazzareschi
KGB
Kmitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopanosti
• March 13, 1954- November 6, 1991
• Committee of State Security. It is in
control of frontier and general security
and the labor force system of the
former Soviet Union.
• Headquarters in Moscow
• Principal Soviet security agency; the
principal intelligence agency; the
principal secret police agency
Tasks and Organizations of the
KGB….
• External espionage
• Gather U.S. atomic
secrets
• Counter espionage
• The liquidation of anti- • Guard national
borders.
Soviet and counter
revolutionary
• Successfully recruit
organizations
spies.
• Guard critical state
property
• Guard the Communist
Party and State
leaders
Melita Norwood
• Soviet spy at the age of 25.
• Revealed information to the KGB for 40
years.
• Information with state secrets from her job at
the British Non- Ferrous Metals Research
Association (building nuclear weapons)
• Her codename was “Lola”.
• Exposed in 1999
• Told secrets of nuclear weapon
developments.
• Her reason, “Only wanted Russia on equal
footing.”
Kim Philby
• High ranked member of the British Intelligence.
• Lifelong career as a spy for the Soviet Union
• A part of the Cambridge Five along with Donald
Maclean, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt, and John
Caircross.
• Admired communism.
• 1962- confirmed as a Soviet spy.
• On January 23, 1963 he dissapeared
• Gave away atomis secrets.
Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin
• Major and Senior archivist for the Soviet Union’s foreign
intelligence service in 1948.
• Went undercover for many assignments.
• Mishandled an operation and exiled from KGB.
• Once exiled and reflecting on KGB life he said, “I could
not believe such evil. It was planned, prepared, thought
out in advance. It was a terrible shock when I read
things.” About the Russian people.
• Acquired 25,000 pages worth of information from the
USSR.
• Gave it to the United States, but it was rejected.
• Then took it to Britain, where they believed the work had
potential. London accepted him as an agent.
Aldrich Ames
 Started to work for the CIA in 1962 and
started his work as a double agent in 1985.
 Former Central Intelligence Agency counterintelligence officer.
 Told the USSR of at least 100 operations .
 KGB mole in CIA.
 Convicted in 1994.
Robert Philip Hanssen
 FBI Agent
 Spied for USSR
 Sold American Secrets to Moscow for $1.4 million in cash
and diamonds over 15-year period
 Read books by Kim Philiby
 Sold 3 KGB agents in the Unisted States secretly working
for the FBI.
 Revealed expensive tunnel dug under the Soviet Empire
for eavesdropping.
 Plan for computer program designed to track enemies.
 His treason has been described as the “worst intelligence
disaster in US history.”
CIA
Central Intelligence
Agency is an intelligence
agency of the United
States Government.
Obtains and analyzes
information about foreign
governments,
corporations, and
individuals.
Reports the information
to the government.
“Hidden hand” of the
government through
“covert actions” at “the
direction of the
President.”
CIA IN THE COLD WAR
• During the Cold War the CIA attempted to gain
control of other governments, trained military, and
paramilitary forces. They also conducted propaganda
campaigns. All actions were denied to the press and
the public.
•Conducted numerous covert operations in the name
of keeping the United States safe, and protecting its
interests.
“TRIANON”

Codename for
Anatoly Filatov.
 Spy for the CIA when
he was reassigned
the Foreign Minister
in Moscow.
 Supplied
paraphernalia for
espionage.
 Quickly caught by the
KGB
OLEG PENKOVSKY
Soviet double agent
 Russian World War II military hero to
becoming Americas best human
intelligence asset in the Soviet Union.
 Highest level Soviet officer to ever spy
for the U.S. or British Intelligence.
 Penkovsky case is considered to have
been the most successful Cold War
espionage operation.

SECRET OPERATION…
IN THE U.S.
• U2 Flight
–
–
–
–
–
–
“The Black Lady”
Flown by Francis Gary Powers
The reconnaissance flight.
UFO scare.
Launched May 1, 1960.
The aircraft had been followed by Soviet MIG’s at an
unreachable height
– the KGB and the VAD, air defense, decided to use the
most up-to-date "ground-to-air" missile.
• Missed the U2 plane twice before hitting its target.
– F.G. Powers was captured and sent to solitary
confinement for 10 years.
Spying
Spying
• steal the secrets to better
understand there opponent.
• soldiers were the trained
“spymasters” in the Cold War
•spies operated in a world of
shadows, deception, and betrayal.
•Soviets gathered about the
Cambridge Five.
CIA MAIN FEAR
=
THE SPREAD OF
COMMNISM
Mossadegh and the CIA
•
•
•
•
Mossadegh was a leader in Iran
Nationalized Oil Industries
Close ties with Communism
CIA took him out of power and put in
Shah Reza Palavi only because of his
dissaproval of communism
VIDEO
•CIA
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Secret Ops 6th `06