Bell Ringer 9/18
Use Map Book pages 34-37
15 minutes
When did Rome become a republic?
What was the capital of the Roman Republic?
How is our country like Ancient Rome?
According to the map on page 34 what territories did Rome
According to the chart on page 35, what were the differences
between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire?
What region did the Roman Empire control? (page 36)
What things connected the Empire and allowed for trade to
According to the map on page 36 what goods were being
traded throughout the Roman Empire?
When did Augustus become emperor of the Roman empire
and what did he bring to the empire after years of civil war?
(page 37)
Roman Republic – Roman Empire
Essential Questions;
1. What was the connection between Socrates,
Plato, and Aristotle?
2. What are some of the important contributions of
Greek Philosophy to Western Civilization?
3. How did the government of the Roman Republic
become more democratic in its decision making?
4. What was Pax Romana and what was its impact
on the Roman Empire and modern international
5. How did Roman achievements influence Western
6. What factors contributed to the eventual
destruction of the Roman Empire?
7. How did Christianity become established within
the Roman Empire?
Essential Vocabulary:
Roman Empire
Twelve tables
Julius Caesar
Augustus Caesar
Pax Romana
Byzantine Empire
The Geography of Rome
Italy in 750 BCE
Influence of the Etruscans
 Writing
 Religion
 The Arch
The Mythical Founding of
Romulus & Remus
Republican Government
2 Consuls
(Rulers of Rome)
(Representative body for patricians)
Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
 Providing political and social
rights for the plebeians.
Carthaginian Empire
Hannibal’s Route
Punic Wars
Reform Leaders
 Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
the poor should be given grain
and small plots of free land.
Military Reformer
 Gaius Marius
recruited an army from the poor
and homeless.
professional standing army.
Greek and Roman
Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC
The Die is Cast!
Civil War & Dictators
Julius Caesar
The First Triumvirate
 Julius Caesar
 Marcus Licinius Crassus
 Gaius Magnus Pompey
Beware the Ides of March!
44 BCE
The Second Triumvirate
 Octavian Augustus
 Marc Antony
 Marcus Lepidus
Octavian Augustus:
Rome’s First Emperor
The First Roman
Pax Romana: 27 BCE – 180 CE
The Roman Colosseum
The Colosseum Interior
Circus Maximus
Pax Romana: 27 BCE – 180 CE
Pax Romana: 27 BCE – 180 CE
The Roman Forum
Roman Roads:
The Appian Way
Roman Aqueducts
The Greatest Extent of the
Roman Empire – 14 CE
St. Paul:
Apostle to the Gentiles
Imperial Roman Road System
The Rise of Christianity
The Empire in Crisis:
3rd Century
The Spread of Christianity
• St. Peter’s
• Home of the
• Home of the
Catholic Church
Diocletian Splits the
Empire in Two: 294 AD
Constantine: 312 - 337
• Constantine the Great was the first emperor of
Rome to convert to Christianity
• During his reign, Christians, previously persecuted,
gained freedom of worship
• He gave huge estates and other gifts to the
Christian church
• He established a capital in the eastern provinces,
naming it Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey)
Constantinople: “The 2nd
Rome” (Founded in 330)
The Eastern Roman Empire
Barbarian Invasions: 4c-5c
476 AD
The Legacy of Rome
Republic Government
Roman Law
Latin Language
Roman Catholic Church
City Planning
Romanesque Architectural Style
Roman Engineering
• Aqueducts
• Sewage systems
• Dams
• Cement
• Arch

Roman Empire - Moore Public Schools