Alaska Purchase
The United States and Russia agreed on a sale
price of 7.2 million dollars and Alaska became an
American territory in 1867.
Alaska Purchase
Between 1854 and 1856 Russia fought the
Crimean War with England and other
European nations for access to world
maritime commerce. Russia lost the war. In
1855 and 1856 British and French
warships attacked eastern Russia. This
raised a question about the security of
Russian America. Could the Russians
protect Alaska in Russian America?
The Tsar and his council decided that the
best course of action was to sell Russian
America and concentrate on Asia. When
that information became public, the United
States quickly indicated an interest in the
region. Source 1. Source 2.
In 1893 A group of residents, mostly Americans who had become
prominent in the Hawaiian economy, engineered the overthrow of the
monarchy of Queen Liliuokalani. The kingdom was overthrown, and a
republic was formed with U.S. support. This was followed by the joint
annexation resolution of Congress in 1898, the final stamp of U.S.
domination. This status was confirmed by the establishment of a
territory on June 14, 1900. Source 1; source 2; source 3.
Panama Canal
The first attempt to build a canal
across the Isthmus of Panama took
place between 1881-1898 after the
Colombian government granted a
concession to France.
In 1902, the United States
purchase the equipment of the from
the French.
In 1903, negotiations with Colombia
broke down, and Panama declared
its independence with full support
and encouragement from the U.S.
In 1904, Panama gave the U.S.
permission to build the canal.
The canal opened in 1914.
Source 1; source 2.
Open Door Policy
After a war between China and Japan (1894–95), Russia, France, Germany, and Great
Britain wanted exclusive rights with China.
A new interest in foreign markets had emerged there following the economic depression
of the 1890s. The United States also had just gained the Philippines, Guam, and Hawaii
and was becoming increasingly interested in China, where American textile
manufacturers had found markets for cheap cotton goods.
With the Open Door Policy the U.S. succeeded in keeping China open for free trade with
every country, which was favorable to the expanding American economy.
The Open Door Policy also indicated to other countries that the U.S. was now a major
world power. Source 1;.
The Boxer Rebellion
The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-western movement in China.
On August 14, 1900, an international force finally captured Beijing, relieving the foreigners and
Christians besieged there since June 20.
“Boxers” was a name that foreigners gave to a Chinese secret society known as the Yihequan
(“Righteous and Harmonious Fists”). The group practiced certain boxing and calisthenic rituals in the
belief that this made them invulnerable.
In the late 19th century, because of growing economic impoverishment, a series of unfortunate
natural calamities, and unbridled foreign aggression in the area, the Boxers began to increase their
strength in the provinces of North China.
By late 1899 the Boxers were openly attacking Chinese Christians and Western missionaries. By
May 1900, Boxer bands were roaming the countryside around the capital at Beijing. Finally, in early
June an international relief force of 2,100 men was dispatched.
Foreign powers wanted to stop the rebellion to keep the Chinese markets open to commerce.
Source 1; source 2.
The Spanish-American War began when the U.S. accused
Spain of sinking the USS Maine.
We now know that the most likely cause was an accident
within the ship.
The Rough Riders were the 1st
Volunteer Cavalry in the
Spanish–American War, a
regiment of U.S. cavalry
volunteers recruited by future
president Theodore Roosevelt
and composed of cowboys,
miners, law-enforcement
officials, and college athletes,
among others. Their colorful and
often unorthodox exploits
received extensive publicity in
the U.S. press.
The U.S. found little resistance from the Spanish military in Manila
Find three points each cartoon tries to make
American Possessions in 1907
American Possessions in 1906
Other Sources:
Source (also for all images):
Info on Span-Am War as sign of rise to world power: Maine goes down, uproar,
PBS on yellow journalism:
Panama Canal:

Expansionism - Clovis Municipal Schools