Urdu Literature
&
Its Impact on
Indian Culture
(Modern Period)
Dr Rizvanul Haque
IMPACTS OF FIRST WAR OF
INDEPENDENCE
SIR SYED AHMAD KHAN
(1817-1898)
NEW APPROACHES TOWARDS
THE LITERATURE
EMERGENCE OF NEW GENRES
NAZM
CRITICISM
NOVEL
THEATRE
DOCUMENTATION
OF
DASTAAN AMIR HAMZA
TRADITIONAL POETRY
Urdu Hai Jis ka nam hamin Jante
hain Dagh
Hidustan mein dhoom hamari
zuban ki hai.
-Dagh
PARTITION OF A LANGUAGE
20TH CENTURY
FREEDOM MOVEMENT
AND
URDU
Ghazalan tum to waqif ho kaho
majnun ke marne ke
Diwana mar gaya akhir ko veerane
pe kya guzri
-Ram Narain Mauzun
Hindustan ki daulat-o-hashmat jo
kuch bhi thi
Kafir Firangiyon ne batadbeer
kheen li
- Mushafi
budhu miyan bhi hazrat-e-Gandhi
ke sath hain
go khak-e-rah hain magar andhi ke
sath hain
- Akbar Allahabadi
Talab fuzul hai kanton ki phool ke
badle
Na len bahisht bhi home rule ke
badle
- Brij Narain Chakbast
Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Mujh se pahli si muhabbat mere
Mehboob na mang.
and
Chand roz aur meri jan faqat chand hi
roz
Zulm ki chanv mein dam lene pe
majboor hain ham
Chand roz aur sitam sah lein, tadap
lein, ro lein
Apne ajdad ki meeras hai ma’zoor hain
ham
Proscribed Poetry
Zabt Shuda Nazmein
(Proscribed poems),
National Archive
Published
by
Zabt Shuda Adabiyat
(Proscribed Literature)
National Archive
available
in
Naghmat-e-Huriyat (Songs of Freedom)
Compiled by Khaliq Anjum/Shamsur
Rehaman Faruqui
Proscribed Poetry
Urdu mein Quami Shairi ke sau sal
(Hundred years of nationalist poetry in
Urdu) Ali Jawwad Zaidi
Nawai Azadi,
Compiled by Abdur Razaq Qureshi
Azadi Ki Nazmen
Compiled by Sibte Hasan
EMERGENCE
OF
ALLAMA IQBAL
AND
PREM CHAND
DR. MOHAMMAD IQBAL
(1874-1938)
IQBAL
Sare jahan se achcha Hindostan
hamara
Ham bulbulen hain is ki ye gulsitan
hamara
IQBAL
Khudi ko kar buland itna ke har
taqdeer se pahle
Khuda bande se khud pooche bata
teri raza kya hai
IQBAL
Jis khet se dehqan ko mayassar na
ho roti
Us khet ke har khosha-e-gandum
ko jala do
PREM CHAND
(1880-1936)
USMANIA UNIVERSITY
JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA
SPREAD OF URDU BEYOND THE
SCHOOL OR CENTRE
RADIO AND URDU
FILMS AND URDU
ANGARE
PROGRESSIVE WRITER’S
ASSOCIATION
IMPORTANT URDU POETS OF
PWA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Makhdoom Mohiuddin
Ali Sardar Jafery
Asrarul Haq Majaz
Jan Nisar Akhtar
Kaifi Azmi
Sahir Ludhiyanvi
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Majrooh Sultanpuri
Moin Ahsan Jazbi
Ahmad Nadeem Quasmi
Qateel Shifai
Munibur Rehman
Akhtarul Iman
Wamiq Jaunpuri
IMPORTANT URDU FICTION
WRITERS OF PWA
• Krishn Chander
• Sa-adat Hasan Mantoo
• Rajinder Singh Bedi
• Ismat Chugtai
• Azeez Ahmad
• Khwaja Ahmad
Abbas
• Ramanand Sagar
• Upender Nath Ashk
• Ahmad Nadeem
Quasmi
IMPORTANT URDU DRAMA WRITER
OF PWA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Habib Tanveer
Sa-adat Hasan Mantoo
Rajinder Singh Bedi
Khwaja Ahmad Abbas
Upender Nath Ashk
Rewati Saran Sharma
Mohd Hasan
Syed Mahdi
IMPORTANT URDU IDEOLOGUE /
CRITIC OF PWA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sajjad Zaheer
Majnoo Gorakhpuri
Akhtar Husain Raipuri
Ali Sardar Jafery
Aal-e-Ahmad Suroor
Ehtesham Husain
Dr. Abdul Aleem
Mumtaz Husain
Mohd Hasan
Achievements of PWA
1947
URDU
AFTER
PARTITION
POSITION OF URDU IN
DEMOCRATIC INDIA
Development of a language
depends on following areas.
• Mass Communication
• Education
• Literature
MASS COMMUNICATION
EDUCATION
URDU LITERATURE
NEO MODERNIST /
POST MODERNISM
URDU POPULAR CULTURE
FOLK TRADITIONS
• Amir Khusro, Nazir Akbarbadi,
• Songs related to freedom
movement
• Chaharbait
• Celebration’s songs
• Weather related songs
• Music based songs
URDU AND HINDUSTANI
CINEMA
URDU LITERATURE AND
CINEMA
• Patta Boota boota hal hamara
jane hai,
• Dekh lo aaj ham ko ji bhar ke
• Wo jo ham mein tum mein qarar
thi, tumhe yad ho ki nay ad ho
• Dil Dhondta hai phir wahi Fursat
ke rat din
IMPACT OF URDU
ON
INDIAN CULTURE
COLONIAL IMPACT
• FORT WILLIAM COLLEGE (1800)
• DELHI COLLEGE (1825)
• VARNACULAR TRANSLATION
SOCIETY
END OF AN ERA AND DAWN OF
NEW IDEAS
• END OF MUSLIM DYNASTY
• FULL CONTROL OF
BRITISHERS
RECAP
IMPACT OF URDU LANGUAGE AND
LITERATURE ON INDIAN
CULTURE

PPT