Filibuster Definition:
• Past: is someone who engages in an
unauthorized military expedition into a
foreign country to support a revolution.
Filibusters were irregular soldiers who
acted without authority from their own
government, and were usually motivated
by financial gain, political ideology, or
the thrill of adventure
Philip Nolan
Background History:
Received a good education, bookkeeper
and shipping clerk, businessman, trader
Crime Accused Of:
Stealing and selling mustangs to Louisiana,
accused of spying for the United States
Outcome:
Killed by Spanish Troops from Nacogdoches
Jean Lafitte
Background History:
Born in France, Galveston Pirate, American
Hero War of 1812 - fought with U.S. against
the British
Crime Accused Of:
Favored Mexican independence from Spain
Involved in smuggling, typical pirate activity
of stealing gold and treasures
Outcome:
He became mortally ill by Spanish and died
Gutierrez-Magee
Background History:
Gutierrez follower of Hidalgo; Magee in U.S. Army;
Formed the “Republican Army of the North”
Crime Accused Of:
Believed in freeing Mexico from Spain; Rebelling
against the Spanish Government
Invaded Texas
Outcome:
Magee-rumor that his men poisoned him but he
died from a long illness
Gutierrez-later fell on a trip and died
James Long
Background History:
U.S. Army surgeon; opposed the AdamsOnis Treaty; believed that Texas should be
part of the U. S. or independent
Crime Accused Of:
Led a group to Nacogdoches, declared
independence from Spain
Outcome:
Captured and later shot by the Spanish
Henry Perry
Background History:
Joined the Gutierrez-Magee expedition; he
was made captain
Crime Accused Of:
Favored Mexican Independence from Spain;
tried to capture La Bahia
Outcome:
Wounded but wouldn’t surrender instead he
killed himself
Ellis P. Bean
Background History:
He joined Philip Nolan’s filibustering
expedition lured by talk of gold and silver;
Became a Mexican colonel in the fight for
Mexican Independence
Crime Accused Of:
Filibuster and Mexican Revolutionary
Outcome:
He went to live with his first wife and later
died in her home
Mexico in 1821
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