AP World History Practice
Questions (M/C)
• 1. Which of the following was the major effect
of the Neolithic Revolution?
• (A) The establishment of sedentary village
communities
• (B) The spread of a migratory way of life
• (C) A decline in total population
• (D) An increase in the use of bronze tools
• 2. Which of the following occurred as a result
of the development of agriculture in societies
that previously relied on hunting and
gathering?
• (A) Conditions for women improved.
• (B) The incidence of disease declined.
• (C) Population density increased.
• (D) Degradation of the environment lessened.
• 3. Which of the following was an important
reason for the fall of the Roman, Han, and
Gupta empires?
• (A) A long period of drought that destroyed
crops and livestock
• (B) The use of slaves in their armies
• (C) Intensified invasions and security issues
along their frontiers
• (D) A refusal to tolerate Christianity
• 4. Before 500 C.E. Judaism and Hinduism were
similar in that both
• (A) had written scriptures and an ethical code
to live by
• (B) spread widely around the Mediterranean
• (C) promoted teachings about reincarnation
• (D) advocated a monastic life and a rejection
of the world
• 5. The photograph above of a mosque (first erected in the fourteenth
century) in the modern-day West African country of Mali best exemplifies
which of the following historical processes?
• (A) Imposition of religion through military conquest
• (B) Spread of religion along trade routes
• (C) Abandonment of indigenous cultural styles in the face of colonization
• (D) Conflict between local and universalizing religions
• 6. The spread of Bantu-speaking peoples over
southern Africa before 1400 C.E. can be best
explained by their
• (A) conversion to Islam
• (B) use of cavalry
• (C) centralized political systems
• (D) knowledge of agriculture
• The Crusader states were able to cling to survival only through frequent
delivery of supplies and manpower from Europe. [They] were defended
primarily by three semi-monastic military orders: the Templars, the
Hospitallers, and the Teutonic Knights. Combining monasticism and
militarism, these orders served to protect pilgrims and to wage perpetual
war against the Muslims. Palmira Brummett, world historian, 2007
• Whenever I visited Jerusalem, I always entered the al-Aqsa Mosque, beside
which stood a small mosque which the Franks had converted into a
church.… [T]he Templars, … who were my friends, would evacuate the little
adjoining mosque so that I could pray in it. Usamah ibn Munqidh, Muslim
historian, Jerusalem, circa 1138
• 7. The second passage does not support the first passage because the
second passage
• (A) shows that an influx of manpower from Europe was not critical for the
survival of the Crusader states
• (B) shows that Muslims vastly outnumbered Europeans in the Crusader
states
• (C) minimizes the importance of Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights in the
administration of the Crusader states
• (D) presents an incident in which a military order supported a Muslim
traveler
• 8. Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that
both
• (A) developed from Mayan civilization
• (B) acquired empires by means of military
conquest
• (C) independently developed iron technology
• (D) depended entirely on oral record keeping
• 9. Which of the following factors represents
the most significant cause of the growth of
cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000–
1450?
• (A) Climate change
• (B) Increased interregional trade
• (C) Decreased agricultural productivity
• (D) Increased invasions
• 10. The map above shows what significant economic developments?
• (A) Trade connections that linked the Hellenistic and Maurya empires to
African cities from 300 through 150 B.C.E.
• (B) Trading networks that promoted the growth of new cities from 600 C.E.
through 1450 C.E.
• (C) Chinese dominance of Indian Ocean trading networks because of the
voyages of Zheng He in the 1400s C.E.
• (D) Changes in Indian Ocean trading networks that resulted from
technological innovations from 1450 C.E. through 1750 C.E.
• 11. Which of the following changes best
justifies the claim that the late 1400s mark the
beginning of a new period in world history?
• (A) The rise of the Aztec and Inca empires
• (B) The economic recovery in Afro-Eurasia
after the Black Death
• (C) The incorporation of the Americas into a
broader global network of exchange
• (D) The emergence of new religious
movements in various parts of the world
• 12. The Columbian Exchange involved which of the
following new connections in the era 1450–1750?
• (A) European food to the Western Hemisphere;
Western Hemisphere diseases to Europe; African
population to Europe
• (B) Western Hemisphere technology to Africa; African
food to Europe; European population to the Western
Hemisphere
• (C) European technology to Africa; Western
Hemisphere population to Africa; African food to the
Western Hemisphere
• (D) African population to the Western Hemisphere;
Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African
and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere
• 13. In the period 1450–1750, which of the
following, produced on large plantations by
slave labor, were significant commodities in
the growing world market?
• (A) Grains such as wheat and barley
• (B) Tropical fruits such as bananas and oranges
• (C) Animal products such as wool and beef
• (D) Cash crops such as sugar and tobacco
• 14. Which of the following is most likely to
have influenced eighteenth-century
population trends in both Europe and China?
• (A) A sharp decline in average global
temperatures
• (B) Introduction of Western Hemisphere crops
• (C) Innovation in birth control measures
• (D) Improvement in surgical procedures
• 15. Which of the following factors best
explains why the Portuguese did not engage in
direct trading relations with West African
states until the fifteenth century?
• (A) Lack of the necessary navigational and
maritime technology
• (B) Lack of European interest in African goods
• (C) Directives from the pope to limit trade
between Christians and Africans
• (D) Fear of death from tropical diseases
• 16. In recent decades, many world historians have
challenged the commonly held view that Europeans
controlled the largest share of world trade in the
seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries. Which
of the following evidence from the period would best
support this historical reinterpretation?
• (A) Prices for Chinese goods were much higher in
Europe than in China.
• (B) European trading companies often backed their
long-distance trading ventures with the threat of
military force.
• (C) Asian trading companies dominated trade in the
Indian Ocean region.
• (D) European merchants transported only a fraction of
the goods shipped globally.
• 17. Which of the following would be the most
useful source of evidence for research about
the profits of Portuguese and British slave
traders in the period 1600–1800?
• (A) Portuguese and British tax records
• (B) Narratives of slaves transported to the
Americas
• (C) European slave traders’ account books
• (D) Journals of African slave traders
• I am a griot.… we are vessels of speech; we are the
repositories which harbor secrets many centuries old.
Without us the names of kings would vanish into oblivion. We
are the memory of mankind; by the spoken word we bring to
life the deeds and exploits of kings for younger generations.…
I teach kings the history of their ancestors so that the lives of
the ancients might serve them as an example, for the world is
old, but the future springs from the past. An African griot
(storyteller), circa 1950, introducing the oral epic of King
Sundiata of Mali, composed circa 1400 C.E.
• 18. The introduction by the griot is intended to serve which of
the following purposes?
• (A) To establish the griot’s authority by connecting him to the
past
• (B) To exalt the Malian kings above previous dynasties
• (C) To highlight the griot’s unique abilities compared with
other griots
• (D) To portray Mali as a progressive society that is improving
on the past
• 19. Which of the following statements is true
about both the Mughal and Ottoman empires
in the sixteenth century?
• (A) In both empires the majority of the people
were Muslims.
• (B) Both empires had powerful navies that
engaged European navies.
• (C) Both empires expanded through the use of
gunpowder weapons and extensive
bureaucracies.
• (D) Both empires gave little monetary support
to artistic and cultural endeavors.
• 20. Most world historians would agree that
the key to European predominance in the
world economy during the nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries was
• (A) the Industrial Revolution
• (B) European medical technology
• (C) Spanish control of New World silver
• (D) the Enlightenment
• 21. Which of the following developments in the
period 1878–1922 best explains the change in
Japanese trade patterns?
• (A) Japanese manufacturing output decreased
because Japanese leaders restricted commercial
ties.
• (B) Export of manufactured goods declined
because United States tariffs on Japanese goods
increased.
• (C) Japanese manufacturing output rose as a
consequence of industrialization.
• (D) Japanese imports of raw materials increased
as a consequence of extensive immigration to
Japan.
• 22. In contrast to initial industrialization, the
second Industrial Revolution in the last half of
the nineteenth century was particularly
associated with the mass production of which
of the following?
• (A) Textiles, iron, and coal
• (B) Textiles, automobiles, and plastics
• (C) Airplanes, ships, and radios
• (D) Electricity, steel, and chemicals
• 23. All of the following factors contributed to
significant growth in worldwide population
from 1750 through 1900 EXCEPT
• (A) decline of epidemic disease
• (B) introduction of Western Hemisphere food
crops to new areas
• (C) expansion of land under cultivation
• (D) new grain crops developed in the Green
Revolution
• 24. Between 1750 and 1900, which of the
following industrializing states created an
empire?
• (A) Japan
• (B) China
• (C) Brazil
• (D) Argentina
• 25. In the late nineteenth century, European
involvement in both Africa and China was
characterized primarily by
• (A) the encouragement of slavery
• (B) extensive intermarriage with local peoples
• (C) small military enclaves along coastlines
• (D) competition among imperialist powers
• 26. Which of the following European
developments is most closely associated with
the revolution in Haiti?
• (A) The Protestant Reformation
• (B) The Russian Revolution
• (C) The French Revolution
• (D) The Industrial Revolution
• 27. The North and South American independence
movements of the late eighteenth and early
nineteenth centuries shared which of the
following?
• (A) Revolutionary demands based on
Enlightenment political ideas
• (B) Reliance on Christian teachings to define
revolutionary demands
• (C) Industrial economies that permitted both
areas to break free of European control
• (D) Political instability caused by constant warfare
among the new states
• 28. What was the leading cause of the
unprecedented increase in global population
in the twentieth century?
• (A) The end of international epidemics
• (B) Global warming and other types of climate
change
• (C) The impact of medical innovations and
public health measures
• (D) The reduction of world hunger
• 29. “We shall not repeat the past. We shall
eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez
Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the
property of Egypt.” This quotation by Egyptian
leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952–
1970) best expresses support for
• (A) communism
• (B) liberalism
• (C) nationalism
• (D) imperialism
• 30. Which of the following describes a major
change in international relations in the 1980s
and 1990s?
• (A) The rapid establishment of large overseas
colonial empires by European powers
• (B) The disbanding of most regional political
organizations
• (C) The decline in power of multinational
corporations
• (D) The reduction of confrontations between
communist and noncommunist countries
What was the Boxer Rebellion?
What is this illustrating?
• Which of the following would have been outside the sphere of
Mongol control at its height?
–
–
–
–
–
China
Anatolia
Persia
Mesopotamia
Germany
• Which long-distance trade network was stabilized in the period
historians term the Pax Mongolica?
–
–
–
–
–
Indian Ocean routes
Triangular trade routes
East Asian sea routes
Silk Roads
Trans-Sahara route
• How were individuals selected for leadership in traditional Mongol
society?
–
–
–
–
–
Hereditary warrior lineage
Long-established aristocratic status
Merit system based on demonstrated battlefield bravery
Divine revelation of chosen ones
Social status based on number of goats, sheep, and horses owned
• Which of the following dealt the most devastating blow to the
Abbasid caliphate in particular and Islamic civilization in general?
–
–
–
–
–
Christian crusader incursions in the Near East
Ottoman Turkic conquest of Constantinople
Mongol invasion of Mesopotamia
US invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan after 9/11/01
Portuguese defeat of the Ottoman navy
• Which military innovation did the Mongols expose Europeans to for the
first time?
–
–
–
–
–
The catapult
The siege tower
The battle axe
Cavalry units
Gunpowder
• Which global force was the FIRST to consistently integrate sub-Saharan
Africa into a global network of exchange of goods and ideas?
–
–
–
–
–
Islamic civilization
Modern globalization
Transatlantic slave trade
The Roman Empire
The conquests of Alexander
• Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of features of a
stateless society?
–
–
–
–
–
Delayed ability to respond to external threats
Limited ability to mobilize for war
Mass slave revolt
Difficulty in undertaking large building projects
Lack of stability required for consistent and growing long-distance
trade
• Since the classical era, which African region most accurately fits the
description “gateway of the Middle East”?
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–
–
–
–
Ghana
Zimbabwe
Egypt
Congo
Sudan
• Which African society held on most fiercely to Christianity in the
period of Islam’s expansion in Africa?
–
–
–
–
–
Egypt and Ethiopia
Mali
Ghana
Songhai
Tunisia
• Which of the following materials is most associated with
premodern sub-Saharan African artistic expertise?
–
–
–
–
–
Marble
Oil paints
Mosaic tile
Ivory
Jade
• Which religious schism stemmed from disputes over legitimate succession
of leadership after the death of its key or founding figure?
–
–
–
–
–
Eastern Orthodox and Catholic
Catholic and Protestant
Mahayana and Theravada
Sunni and Shia
Mahayana and Zen
• Which best qualifies as the largest durable tricontinental civilization?
–
–
–
–
–
Roman
Hellenistic
Islamic
Han
Mongol
• Upon whom did Muhammad depend most directly for economic
support?
–
–
–
–
–
Local chieftains
The urban poor
His wife, Khadija
Roman imperial administrators
Byzantine merchants
• Which of the following Arabic terms refers to the “community of
the faithful”?
–
–
–
–
–
Hijab
Hajj
Hadith
Zakat
Umma
• Who would NOT have qualified as part of the group labeled the
“dhimmi” in the Abbasid caliphate?
–
–
–
–
–
Jews
Catholics
Greek Orthodox
Animist
Hindu
• Which choice does NOT belong in a list describing the status of
Muslim women in the early Islamic period?
–
–
–
–
–
Male adultery was condemned in the Koran
Female infanticide was forbidden
Females and males both were allowed multiple spouses
Female inheritance rights were strengthened
Divorce rights for women existed
• Which city became the capital of the Abbasid Empire and a center
of what has been termed an Islamic golden age?
–
–
–
–
–
Istanbul
Timbuktu
Seville
Baghdad
Samarkand
• Which of the following areas of expertise or learning progressed
under the rule of the Abbasid caliphate?
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–
–
–
–
Medicine
Law
Philosophy
Mathematics
All of the above
• The Byzantine Empire flourished as a crossroads of trade from
which regions?
–
–
–
–
–
Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Asia
India, Mediterranean, and Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa, India, and the Middle East
The Middle East, Asia, and Scandinavia
Scandinavia, Mediterranean, and India
• Which ideology gained influence in the period of disorder that
followed the collapse of the Han dynasty?
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–
–
–
–
Confucianism
Buddhism
Daoism
Mao Zedong thought
Legalism
• Which dynasty built the largest land empire?
–
–
–
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Zhou
Han
Tang
Song
Ming
• Which do historians point to as the key infrastructural
development of the Tang-Song era? The construction of:
–
–
–
–
–
The Great Wall
A national highway system
The Forbidden City
The Grand Canal
The port at Canton
• Which practice dates from the Song era?
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–
–
–
–
Foot binding
Arranged marriage
Concubinage
Divorce rights
One-child policy
• Which of the following is not a native Chinese invention?
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–
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–
Explosive powder
Magnetic compass
Movable type
Paper money
Steam-powered machinery
• Which contemporary society most closely mirrored feudal Japanese
patterns of decentralized rule, an economy based on agricultural peasant
labor, and emergence of a warrior elite following a distinct code of honor?
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–
–
–
–
Polynesian
Inca
Western European
Russian
Islamic
• Which of the following do historians most closely associate with the
period of Western history known as the High Middle Ages?
–
–
–
–
–
Carolingian France
Steam-powered Industrial Revolution
Enclosure movement and rise of commercial agriculture
Gothic architecture, the Crusades, & the rise of the Western university
Frequent Viding incursions and raids along European coastlines and rivers
• Which group was most likely to be literate in the period of European
history often called the Dark Ages?
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–
–
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Aristocrats
Peasants
Monks
Knights
Monarchs
• Which of the following terms matches this definition: “agricultural laborer
tied to an estate with rights including military protection, heritable
ownership of a plot of land, and owing obligations to share crop yields
each season with his or her lord.”
–
–
–
–
–
Peasant
Slave
Proletarian
Serf
Plebian
• Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of territorial expansionary
moves by Western powers in the postclassical era?
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–
–
–
–
Germanic settlement in Poland
Iberian offensives against Islamic presence in Spain
Crusades to the Middle East
Viking voyages across the North Atlantic
Belgian penetration of the Congo
• Which term do historians associate with medieval Western inquiry that
sought to reconcile reason and religious faith and is most closely
associated with the thinking of St. Thomas Aquinas?
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–
–
–
–
Confucianism
Existentialism
Scholasticism
Eclecticism
Marxism
• Which body of water was the scene of trade involving merchant ships
from the most diverse collection of civilizations in the postclassical era?
–
–
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–
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Baltic Sea
Indian Ocean
Caribbean Sea
• Which of the following organizations grouped town dwellers by
occupation, regulated apprenticeships, and upheld standards of
workmanship?
–
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Parliaments
Estates General
Guilds
Communes
Monasteries
• Of those listed below, which civilization
existed in the most complete state of isolation
in the period 600-1450?
– Ming China
– Delhi Sultanate
– Aztec Empire
– Carolingian France
– Kievan Rus
• Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of factors preventing
European powers from establishing anything more than a limited coastal
settlement on the African continent in the period 1450-1750?
–
–
–
–
–
Climate
Disease
Impassable rivers
Still organized African resistance
Inferior weapons technology
• Which European power was the first to establish large-scale slave-trading
operations on the African continent for the purposes of export to
plantations in the Americas?
–
–
–
–
–
Spain
England
Portugal
France
Netherlands
• The Afrikaners who settled in southern Africa traced their origin
back to which European region?
–
–
–
–
–
England
Germany
Netherlands
France
Spain
• Which is most true of the Middle Passage?
– It was generally a pleasant voyage
– Mortality on marches to the African coast was higher than mortality
on the ships
– It generally lasted a year or more
– African naval expertise was key to guiding vessels across the Atlantic
– It was not driven by profit
• Where in the New World did slavery last the longest?
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–
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Haiti
Brazil
Cuba
The USA
Mexico
• Which Western power was the first to ban its citizens from
engaging in the slave trade?
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–
–
France
England
USA
Portugal
Spain
• Which Western tradition did the continuation of the Atlantic slave trade
violate most?
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Enlightenment
Greco-Roman
Feudal
Mercantilist
Absolutist
• The shift of the Russian imperial capital to which city indicated a shift in
orientation toward the West under the rule of Peter the Great?
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Moscow
Kiev
Vladivostok
St. Petersburg
Belgrade
• Which impulse for the colonization of North America was generally
missing from the colonization of the rest of the New World?
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Setting up slave plantations
To search for gold
Freedom from religious persecution
Expansion of royal authority
Missionary drive to convert Native Americans to Christianity
• The economic centrality of long-distance trade and the lack of long feudal
traditions opened a path for which social class to rise to dominance
relatively quickly in the New World?
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–
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–
Independent farmer/peasant
Proletarian
Merchant
Aristocracy
Monarchy
• Which region of the New World saw the initial penetration by European
explorers and subjugation of the Native population to slave labor?
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–
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Mesoamerica
Andean South America
Caribbean Islands
Atlantic shoreline of North America
Atlantic shoreline of South America
• Which New World commodity was of the greatest value to the Spanish
monarchy?
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Potato
Tomato
Silver
Sugar
Quinine
• Which label best characterizes the Italian Renaissance?
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Political movement
Cultural movement
Religious movement
Mass movement
Global movement
• Which modern-day European nation projects farthest west
off the Eurasian landmass and into the Atlantic Ocean?
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Germany
France
England
Portugal
Netherlands
• Where did Luther’s movement first take root?
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France
England
Spain
Italy
Germany
• Who is credited with bringing awareness of the heliocentric
nature of the solar system into Western civilization?
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Aristotle
Galileo
Columbus
Copernicus
Descartes
• Which of the following thinkers established the principles of objects
in motion and defined the forces of gravity?
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–
–
–
Descartes
Rousseau
Newton
Bacon
Galileo
• Which event established the basic sovereignty of Parliament over
the king of England?
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Reform Act of 1832
The Corn Laws
The Magna Carta
The Glorious Revolution
The American Revolution
• Which of the following was a new Western motive for overseas
territorial expansion in the industrial era?
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Missionary drive to convert non-Western peoples to Christianity
Seizure of land to be put to use raising cash crops
Drive to dominate sources of precious metals.
Need for raw materials for factory production
Access to new markets for sale of Western manufactured goods
• Which European power did the British defeat in the 18th century in
its drive to control the Indian subcontinent?
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Netherlands
France
Italy
Spain
Portugal
• Which choice lays out the correct order in which the Industrial
Revolution began and spread?
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–
–
Great Britain, USA, continental Europe
Continental Europe, USA, Great Britain
USA, continental Europe, Great Britain
Great Britain, continental Europe, USA
Continental Europe, Great Britain, USA
• Which group emerged at the peak of French social status as a result
of the French Revolution?
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Urban proletariat and artisans
Aristocracy
Clergy
Bourgeoisie
Peasantry
• Historians estimate the numbers of victims in the Reign of Terror in
roughly what figures?
–
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–
–
Hundreds
Thousands
Tens of thousands
Hundreds of thousands
Millions
• Which of the following was NOT an influential political force in
Europe by the late 19th century?
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–
–
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Feminism
Social Democracy
Socialism
Anarchism
Absolute monarchy
• After the US, which was the next New World colony to gain
independence from European power?
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–
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–
Mexico
Argentina
Brazil
Haiti
Cuba
• On what continent did the USA fight its two largest conflicts of the
Cold War era?
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Europe
Asia
Africa
Australia
South America
• Mao’s campaign to infuse industrial development into the national
economy at the commune level was called
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–
–
–
New Democracy
Protracted Warfare
“Hundred Flowers” period
The Long March
The Great Leap Forward
• Which formally colonized country has taken the most drastic
measures to limit population growth?
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–
–
–
–
Mexico
Nigeria
India
China
Egypt
• Which f the following is NOT among the “Four
Modernizations” put forward by Deng Xiaoping as key to
economic self-reliance and emergence of China as a world
power by the early 21st century?
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–
–
–
–
Agriculture
Industry
Science and Technology
Classless society
National defense
• Neocolonialism is best defined as
– Western efforts to expand colonial holdings after the Second
World War.
– The ongoing situation of economic dependency that afflicts
“Third World” even after decolonization
– The post-WW II population boom in “Third World”
– A description of the Soviet relationship with satellite states of
Eastern Europe during the Cold War
– All colonization that occurred after Latin American nations won
independence from Spain
• Which is an impact of population growth in the developing world?
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–
–
–
–
Declining importance of the IMF in the global economy
Falling numbers of refugees
Rapid and haphazard urbanization
Rising status for females
Reduced population levels
• Which goal did nationalist leaders find most difficult to achieve
upon gaining independence?
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–
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Economic development and jobs for all
Maintenance of territorial integrity of the new nations
Participation in world trade
Membership in the UN
Establishment of secular government
• Which was the most typical response of nationalist leaders in developing
countries to popular unrest connected to persistent poverty and/or ethnic
strife?
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–
–
–
–
Requests for the return of Western colonial management
A turn to military dictatorship
Free and air elections of new leaders capable of resolving major grievances
Establishment of new international borders to appease minority ethnicities
The launching of armed struggle against established elites and the setting up
of socialist regimes
• Which of the following is NOT a trend or event associated with
developments in post-WW II Egypt?
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–
–
–
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Expulsion of the British from the Suez Canal Zone
Construction of the Aswan dam
Growth of Islamic fundamentalism
Establishment of state-subsidized public education
Successful import-substitution industrialization
• Which of the following statement about the Iranian Revolution of 1979 is
most accurate?
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–
–
–
–
It marked the end of British colonialism in Iran
It overthrew a monarchy and installed a liberal democracy
It was guided by a non-Western ideology
It was welcomed by neighboring nations
Its leaders withdrew Iran from OPEC
• Which of the following was the only newly independent nation to
experience civil war secession and the formation of another nation within
decades of decolonization?
–
–
–
–
–
Sudan
South Africa
Mexico
Pakistan
Nigeria
• Which natural resource or crop have developing nations been able to
trade in the global economy on terms most favorable to themselves?
–
–
–
–
–
Cocoa
Coffee
Oil
Diamonds
Aluminum
• Nelson Mandela and Steven Biko are associated with the struggle against
what?
–
–
–
–
–
Soviet socialism
South African apartheid
US imperialism
French colonialism
German fascism
• Which of the following was the first group targeted by the
Nazis for repression once they seized power in Germany?
–
–
–
–
–
Jews
Communists
Gypsies
Homosexuals
Small-business men
• Which was the 1st fascist dictator?
–
–
–
–
–
Friedrich Nietzsche
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini
Vladimir I. Lenin
Martin Heidegger
•
Which was the first 20th century revolutionary movement to successfully topple an
existing regime?
–
–
–
–
–
•
Iranian
Chinese
Mexican
Russian
French
How were minority ethnic groups of the old Russian Empire treated by the new
Bolshevik regime?
– Most individuals belonging to minorities experienced forced deportation to Siberia
– Minority groups were granted semiautonomous republics bound to pursuing a socialist course
– Minority ethnicities were forcibly intermarried with ethnic Russians to breed them out of
existence
– All minority groups were granted “Soviet Socialist Republic” territory except for Jews
– Ethnic minorities were barred from membership in the Bolshevik Party
• Which political figure eventually emerged to lead the Bolshevik
Party after the death of Lenin?
–
–
–
–
–
Trotsky
Khrushchev
Gorbachev
Stalin
Bukharin
• Which factor in the Russian and Chinese revolutions was NOT
present in the French Revolution?
–
–
–
–
–
Rural unrest
Urban discontent
Military intervention by neighboring or outside powers
The ideas of Marx and Engels
Armed struggle
• Where in the world did the Japanese most vigorously seek to achieve
territorial expansion in the years following 1914?
–
–
–
–
–
Korea
Mongolia
Indonesia
Pacific Islands
China
• Which development prompted Chinese nationalists and communists to
suspend civil war and form a shaky common cuase?
– Death of Sun Yat-sen
– Japanese invasion of China
– Massive American investment to build up industrial sectors in Chinese urban
centers
– Communist long march to sanctuary in nationalist base areas in northwest
China
– Historic summit meeting between Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong
• In which nation did parliamentary democracy survive the 1930s?
–
–
–
–
–
Spain
Germany
France
Brazil
Italy
• The growing integration of all the peoples of the planet into a single
economic and political model and accelerating sharing of cultural
symbols in termed
–
–
–
–
–
Egalitarianism
Simulacra
Postmodernism
Globalization
Universalism
• Which is the most popular and accessible method worldwide of
accessing the efficiencies of a new “information economy”?
–
–
–
–
–
Mobile phones
Personal computers
Local libraries
Satellite television
Major newspapers
• What was the nationality of the majority of 9/11 hijackers?
–
–
–
–
–
Iraqi
Palestinian
Saudi Arabian
Afghan
Iranian
• How are the nations of Latin America unique within the “Third World”?
–
–
–
–
They have struggled to emerge from a dependent role in the global economy
They have experienced civil war in the post-WW II era
They gained political independence in the 19th century, in general
They continue to use a language imposed by colonial administrators in internal
state affairs.
– Women have risen to high levels of political leadership
• Which independent developing- country regime entered what is best
termed as a dependent economic relationship with the Soviet Union that
lasted until the collapse of the USSR in the early 1990s?
–
–
–
–
–
Ghana
Egypt
India
Zaire (Congo)
Cuba
• When compared with the case of Mexico in the years since WW II,
the people of Cuba have experienced greater progress in each of
the following EXCEPT:
–
–
–
–
–
Job security
Housing
Literacy
Life expectancy
Emigration rights
• How did the Catholic church leaders demonstrate sensitivity to
demands of the poor for social justice in 20th century Latin
America?
– Demanding special infusions of charity from the Vatican that wiped
out poverty in their parishes
– Formulation of a “liberation theology”
– Organization of sophisticated adoption schemes whereby the majority
of children in poverty in Latin America were adopted by middle-class
families in the West and sent to live there
– Renunciation of Christianity in favor of orthodox Marxist socialism
– Entering national elections, winning, and implementing land reform
policies.
• Which is the most common pattern of migration in the
Americas today?
– From North America into Latin America
– From Latin American countryside to Latin American cities
– From Latin American cities into the Latin American
countryside
– From Latin America into North America
– Out of the Americas to Europe
• Which of the following nations did not succumb to
military rule in the post-WW II era?
–
–
–
–
–
Bolivia
Mexico
El Salvador
Argentina
Venezuela
• The USA pursued its interests in Latin America after WW II in all of
the following forms EXCEPT:
–
–
–
–
–
Direct annexation
Covert action to overthrow regimes perceived to be Soviet friendly
Diplomatic pressure in international organizations
Peace Corps presence
The IMF and World Bank
• NAFTA has more closely integrated the economies of Canada, the
US, and
–
–
–
–
–
Russia
China
Mexico
Venezuela
Brazil
• Which of the following periods have been grouped together
by world historians into a time called an “Age of
Catastrophe” lasting from 1914 to 1945?
–
–
–
–
–
WW I, Great Depression, Cold War
Napoleonic Wars, WW I, WW II
WW I, Great Depression, WW II
WW II, Cold War, post-Cold War era
Great Depression, WW II, Cold War
• Which of the following trends were seen in the 20th
century?
– Rise and fall of communism and political independence for the
former colonies
– Rise and fall of communism and the eradication of global
poverty
– Eradication of global poverty and the onset of human-induced
climate change
– Slowed population growth in industrialized regions and
uninterrupted economic growth
– Political independence for the former colonies and
uninterrupted economic growth
• Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of
major impacts of WW I?
–
–
–
–
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
Rise of the US and Japan
Birth of the League of Nations
Rise of nationalist sentiment in colonized regions of the
globe
– Independence for India
• Where did white rule persist longest on the African
continent?
–
–
–
–
–
Rhodesia
South Africa
Angola
Nigeria
Ethiopia
• Which anticolonial struggle is recognized as
establishing a template for 20th century independence
movements that included leadership by Westerneducated elites and nonviolent protest?
–
–
–
–
–
American Revolution
Haitian Revolution
India’s independence movement
Ghana’s independence movement
Algeria’s independence movement
• Which colonized African region had a well-established
indigenous anticolonial movement in place even before
WW I?
–
–
–
–
–
Ghana
South Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Congo
• Which British official indicated support for the creation
of a Jewish homeland in Palestine soon after WW I?
–
–
–
–
–
Winston Churchill
Theodor Herzl
Neville Chamberlain
Lord Balfour
Margaret Thatcher
• Which of the following legacies of British colonial rule
proved most disruptive in the immediate aftermath of
Indian independence?
– Education of diverse Indian elites in a common English
language
– Hindu-Muslim rivalry fostered by colonial divide and rule
practices
– Establishment of parliamentary democratic norms in
government
– Military training provided to Indian sepoys
– Toleration of caste distinctions
• Which is NOT true of the Nazi death camps?
– Most were located in Poland
– Escape was impossible
– A variety of methods were employed in carrying
out executions
– There were staffed by German and non-German
guards
– They were carefully planned and constructed

Review Questions PPT - Mrs. Thiessen`s Social Studies Classes