Johann Gutenberg Review
1. Where was Johann Gutenberg from?
2. How did China contribute to Gutenberg’s
invention centuries before?
3. Name one historic event that the invention of
the printing press allowed to happen.
Germany
• China had produced the first woodblock
printing in the 200s and created moveable
type print in the 1000s.
• The invention of the modern printing press
allowed for
– the Reformation,
– the Scientific Revolution,
– the Age of Exploration
– and the Enlightenment
• to take place.
10-2-2013
• EQ: How did the work of Machiavelli
influence how people viewed political power?
• I can describe some of Machiavelli's political
ideas from The Prince.
• What qualities should a good leader have?
#1
Renaissance Figures:
Niccolò Machiavelli
“It is better
to be feared
than loved.”
:
#2 Renaissance Figures: Johann
Gutenberg
Don
Raph
Mike
The Renaissance was a
Movement in Europe in the 1400s
that was a rebirth of classic Greek
and Roman culture like art,
literature, architecture and ideas.
Leo
http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Gutenberg-thePrinting-Press-Visual-textual-engaging-12-slide-PowerPoint679439
#3 Renaissance
A
rebirth
of
art
Figures: Johann Gutenberg
A
rebirth
of
architecture
Roman
statue of
Augustus
Roman
columns
A
rebirth
of
literature
Roman
historian
Tacitus
A
rebirth
of
ideas
Roman
writer
Cato
Europeans had a ‘rebirth’ or renewed interest in art, architecture, literature and ideas,
much like the Greeks and Romans before the Dark Ages
http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Gutenberg-thePrinting-Press-Visual-textual-engaging-12-slide-PowerPoint679439
#4 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Machiavelli was one of several famous Italian Renaissance
figures. Although most of these men were known for their visual arts
(paintings and sculptures), Machiavelli was famous for his writings.
Donatello – Leonardo – Raphael
Machiavelli – Marco Polo - Michelangelo
#5 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
According to goodreads.com, Machiavelli’s The Prince is in the
top-five best best books from or about the Renaissance:
5) The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (Jacob Burckhardt)
4) The Prince (Niccolo Machavelli)
3) The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall (Christopher Hibbert)
2) Brunelleschi’s Dome: How a Renaissance Genius Reinvented
Architecture (Ross King)
1) The Life of Elizabeth I (Alison Weir)
#6 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was an Italian writer and politician
during the Renaissance. He spent most of his adult life in Florence and
served as a government official there.
#7 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Many historians credit Machiavelli as the founder of political
science because of how his work and writings shaped modern politics.
Political Science is the study of governments and politics.
#8 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Machiavelli wrote many different types of literature including
historical books, comedies, songs and poems. But his most famous work
was a guidebook for rulers to gain and keep power, called The Prince.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s25kX24j250
#9 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
The Prince had an immediate impact in shaping the behavior of
leaders. Certain wealthy and powerful families often controlled parts of
Italy. Many members of these families even became popes. One of the
most notorious, powerful and wealthy Italian families of the time was the
Medici family.
Four Popes from the Medici Family:
Leo X
Clement VII
Pius IV
Leo XI
Cesare Borgia: ruthless leader
and son of Pope Alexander VI
#10 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
The Medici family had controlled Florence for over half a century
before a republic was established. Machiavelli served as a politician in that
republic. And although his book The Prince discussed how to gain and
keep power, the Medici family eventually took over once again and
Machiavelli no longer served in government.
Four Popes from the Medici Family:
Leo X
Clement VII
Pius IV
Leo XI
Cesare Borgia: ruthless leader
and son of Pope Alexander VI
#11 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
The Prince was so
monumental that words like
“Machiavellianism” and
“Machiavellian” are still
commonly used today to
describe any sort of authority
figure who tries to manipulate
people under their influence.
#12 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Machiavelli's The Prince was like a
Renaissance guide book with advice for rulers. In
the book, Machiavelli made suggestions such as
‘don’t hire mercenaries’, ‘don’t borrow troops from
your allies’ and ‘make people think you are merciful’.
#13 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Excerpt from Machiavelli's The Prince:
“A controversy has arisen about this: whether it is
better to be loved than feared, or vice versa. My
view is that it is desirable to be both loved and
feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and, if
one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to
be feared than loved…For love is sustained by a
bond of gratitude which, because men are
excessively self-interested, is broken whenever
they see a chance to benefit themselves. But
fear is sustained by a dread of punishment that is
always effective.”
1) According to the Prince, what does Machiavelli believe
to be the key ingredients for effective leadership?
2) Select a quotation from the excerpt that supports your
answer to question number one.
Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli
Excerpt from Machiavelli's The Prince:
1) A controversy has arisen about this: whether it is better to be
loved than feared, or vice versa.
2) My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but...
3) …it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be
lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved…
4) For love is sustained by a bond of gratitude which, because
men are excessively self-interested, is broken whenever they see
a chance to benefit themselves.
5) But fear is sustained by a dread of punishment that is always
effective
Translate and shorten each of the five parts of the paragraph into
your own words…