RECRUITMENT IN WORLD WAR ONE TO DISCOVER HOW THE GOVERNMENT GOT PEOPLE INVOLVED IN THE WAR WHAT IS RECRUITMENT Recruitment is when the government tried to persuade people to get involved in the war. This was not just soldiers, but every one in the country needed to help out with the war e.g. children were needed to collect materials to make weapons. HOW DID THEY DO THIS? At first the government allowed people to volunteer to fight in the war. Men could go to their local signing up office and volunteer to fight for “King and Country.” PAL’S BATALLIONS To encourage groups of friends and sports teams to sign up together an idea was created of “Pals Battalions.” Men could sign up with their friends and were promised they would fight together and serve together. This encouraged huge groups of men to all volunteer together. The most famous example was the “Accrington Pals” and their story was told through the local Accrington Observer newspaper every week. CONSCRIPTION As the war continued, the government brought in “conscription”. From January 1916, men between the ages of 18 and 41 who were physically fit could be called up to join the army. Some could appeal and not join because of their religion or their beliefs but most were made to fight. HOW MANY MEN FOUGHT? In 1914 the British army had 710,000 men. By September 1914 they had 750,000 men and by January 1915 over 1 million had joined the army voluntarily. By the end of the war, almost 1 in 4 of the total men in Britain had joined up, that’s over 5 million men! POSTERS Posters became the most popular way to encourage people to get involved in the war effort. The posters asked people to do many things, including: 1. Fight as soldiers. 2. Women to support the men at war. 3. Children to get involved at home. 4. Ordinary people doing their duty at home e.g. growing vegetables. 5. Getting people to hate the enemy. WHAT ARE THESE POSTERS ASKING PEOPLE TO DO? HOW DID POSTERS WORK? The government used three main tactics on their posters: • Guilt to those not involved. • Pride in the country and King. • Selling the British army as being not just a job. THE MOST FAMOUS POSTER! This is the most famous poster of World War One. It is Lord Kitchener, he was in charge of getting people to join the army. His eyes followed you anywhere you moved around the room! YOUR TASK! You are to design your own poster to persuade people to be a part of the war. It must ask people to join the army and get people to want to be a part of the war. It must be colourful and have big images and big writing to get people interested when they walk past it. SOME IDEAS!