Islamic Vocabulary
Caliph
A ________ is a leader of the
Islamic world, and is thought
to be a successor of
Muhammad. This leader is
traditionally male. The
decision of who would be the
fourth leader split the Islam
community into two
branches: the Sunni’s and
the Shiites.
Abu Bakr
• ______is thought to be either the first or second male
to convert to Islam. He fled with the other Muslims to
Medina. Already considered a leader of the
community, ________ position became even greater
when he gave his daughter to Muhammad. He was
an active participant in Muslim military campaigns,
and eventually became Muhammad’s chief adviser.
When Muhammad passed away he took over as
leader.
• Under his leadership, the united Arabs were able to
defeat both the Persian and Byzantine empires.
Hijabi
______ is a slang term
used in Islam to label
someone as a ‘veil
wearing woman.’ It is in
the Muslim culture for
women to be mostly
covered when going out in
public.
Courtesy: google images.
Baghdad
The capital
of Islamic religion. In the
center of the city is the
Mosque or religious center.
The word means
afternoon. It is also the
name of the obligatory
salat (prayer) that is
performed in the
afternoon.
DAVID
A king who greatly
expanded the land
of Israel and gave
the Israelites
security.
The Muslims also
believe that this
king was an
honorable prophet
of God.
Ramadhan
• ______________is a
special month in the
Islamic calendar. This
is the month
Muhammad received
his first revelations from
God. During this month,
the Muslims fast , so
they don’t eat or drink
during daylight hours
(from sunrise to
sunset). They also
practice praying more
and sinning less to
improve themselves.
Fee Sabilillah
It means giving charity
for the sake of Allah
(God). This is not
required but is
encouraged. When you
do this you get thawab,
which are positive
points that give you a
better chance of getting
into Heaven.
Prophet
In religion, a _______ is a person who has
directly encountered the divine and serves as an
intermediary with humanity. Muslims believe such
individuals were assigned a special mission by
God to guide humanity. Muhammad was the
founder of the world religion of Islam and is
regarded by Muslims as the last messenger and
____________ of God.
Fajh
• ____ Meaning
Dawn prayer or
prayer before dawn.
• This prayer is
mentioned by name
in the Qur’an at
24:58. According to
some opinions, it is
considered by
Muslims to be more
precious than their
lives.
Islam
__________ is a
monotheistic religion.
It is the second largest
followed religion in the
world.
_________ means
submission. The
religious meaning of it is
complete submission to
the will of god.
Tâghût
• _____is anything worshipped
other than the one true Godsuch as deities of other
religions, people claiming
themselves to be holy outside
of Islam's definition, or the
worshipping of ideas instead of
God. According to Muslims,
Buddha of Buddhism and Jesus
of Christianity are both
_______.
Barzakh
‫برزخ‬
Muslims believe that a person’s soul
moves on into a special stage of time after
death; they call this stage _______. While
they are waiting for judgment day, they are
in the state of _______ and they are asked
questions in the grave. The answers to
these questions will lead them to blessings
or torments.
Zakat
• 2.5% of a Muslim’s
annual sum of money
is called _____. It is a
necessary Islamic tax
that is given to the
poor. In the Muslim
faith, it is one of the
Five Pillars of Islam.
JIHAD ‫جهاد‬
• _______ is a personal
struggle and it is known
as a holy war. There are
two different types of
_____, the greater one
which is preserving oneself from sin &
disbelief, and the lesser
one which is going to
war to defend Islam, its
people and property .
Yathrib
• City now known as
Medina. Prophet
Muhammad traveled
here on the hijra. This
is the burial place of
Muhammad. People
of the Islamic religion
travel here when
physically and
financially able.
Qiblah ‫قبله‬
This is the
direction that
Muslims face
to pray,
(always
towards the
Kaaba)
Eid
The Islamic word for celebration. There are two
official _____ in Islam.
_____ is fasting (refraining
from eating, drinking &
sex). Fasting during the
Holy Islamic month of
Ramadan is one of the 5
pillars of Islam. Muslims
fast every day in that
month from dawn till dusk
– effectively 15 hours and is not as difficult as
people think. After dusk
they can eat, drink and
have relations.
Fasting is also done
outside of this month and
is considered a very good
form of voluntary worship
in devotion to God.
•____________
was the name of
the final prophet
of Islam. At age
40 an angel
Gabriel called
him the
messenger of
God. He received
the Quran from
the angel Gabriel
over a span of 22
years.
Muhammed
KAABA
• Located in Mecca Saudi
•
Arabia. It is believed to be
built by Abraham and his
son Ismail. Inside there is
a black stone enshrined
and a person is supposed
to kiss it for good luck
and a symbol of respect
to Allah. The _____ was
last built in 1611 and has
underwent many
renovations. A ceremony
is held twice a year to
clean the stone structure.
VIRGIN MARY
• The mother of
Christ is named the
_____. She is said
to have given birth
while being
abstinent.
Courtesy of
Google images
• ________ is a
ceremonial act of
washing the
Muslims feet,
hands, face, and
arms, before
praying or touching
the text of the
Quran. Without ___
those activities
would be unlawful
and a sin.
________ in Islam
means wash. To
Muslims, washing
refers to purifying the
body, and cleansing
the soul to prepare for
prayer. Muslims pray 5
times a day, to comply
to their 5 pillars of
Islam. They can pray
anywhere, but most go
to mosques, or houses
of worship.
‫حزب هللا‬
Hizbullah
It means “the
party of god”. It
is a political party
from Lebanon
whose objective
is to expel
Americans and
their allies from
Lebanon.
“ALLAH!”
_______is the Muslim God.
People worship _____ 5 times a day.
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Islam vocabulary - Eaton Community Schools