American Revolution
Mr. Luvera
Chapter 5: The American Revolution
Unit 3: A Time of Change
Trouble in the Colonies
Sequence of Events
The British government created a boundary line along the Mohawk and
Hudson Rivers, forcing colonists to leave the area.
The British created a Stamp Act which forced colonists to pay a tax on
paper. Colonists thought this was unfair.
Parliament taxed colonists for goods and tea, leading to the Boston Tea
Party and the New York Tea Party (where the colonists threw the tea
into the harbors). The colonists formed militias.
Fill in the chart with information about how the British
actions caused the colonists to form militias and the issues
that led to the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
British
government kicks
settlers off land.
British pass the
Stamp Act.
British pass the
Tea Act.
British government
created a
boundary line
along the Mohawk
and Hudson
Rivers, following
the Appalachian
Mountains. (sided
with Native
Americans)
The British
needed to recover
the costs of
French and Indian
War, taxed paper
sold in colonies.
British placed
taxes on tea, 342
chests of tea were
dumped into
Boston Harbor,
and colonists
dumped tea in
New York Harbor
List the order of events leading to
the Declaration of Independence.
Sequence of Events
The Declaration of Independence was approved by
the Continental Congress.
News of the Declaration reaches New York.
By 1777 all of the delegates (56) have signed the
Declaration of Independence.
"The Declaration of Independence", mural by John Trumbull.
Benjamin Franklin
(1706-1790)
Statesman, scientist, inventor,
publisher of the Pennsylvania
Gazette, author of Poor Richard's
Almanac, member of the
Continental Congress and the
Constitutional Convention, signer
of the Declaration of
Independence, first U.S.
Postmaster General, American
commissioner to Paris.
View Inventive Genius film (9 min):
http://www.earlyamerica.com/ben1.ht
m
View American Diplomat film (11min):
http://www.earlyamerica.com/ben2.ht
m
An early American political cartoon originally published in Benjamin Franklin's
Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper.
"Bringing Down the Statue of King George in New York" by unknown artist
Library of Congress
Declaring Independence film:
http://www.earlyamerica.com/i
ndependence.htm
Fighting in New York
People who supported the Patriot Cause
 Militia – females such as Sybil Ludington
 African Americans
 fisherman
Tell about the outcome of fighting in
New York
 The British had more weapons and
soldiers.
 The British won most of the battles.
 Washington’s troops retreated to New
Jersey.
The American Revolution Ends
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown
 France supported
 Continental Army led by
Americans by sending
supplies and money. (after
the battle)
 British plan was to attack
from NYC and move north
and attack from Canada and
move south.
 American (Patriot) General
Benedict Arnold and Horatio
Gates defeated the British
Army (Gen. Burgoyne) -1777
George Washington and
Alexander Hamilton, joined
French forces to surround
the British army.
 British General Cornwallis
surrendered to the American
Continental Army, ending the
war.
 Peace of Paris Treaty was
signed, officially ending the
war on September 3, 1783.
Major General John Burgoyne commanded the British and German force.
Major General Horatio Gates and Brigadier Benedict Arnold
commanded the American army.
General Burgoyne surrenders to General Gates at the Battle of Saratoga
17th October 1777
Marquis de LaFayette
(1757-1834)
The Marquis de LaFayette was a
French citizen who joined
America's Continental Army
during the Revolutionary War. An
ardent supporter of the American
Revolution, the Marquis de
LaFayette was voted Major
General by the Continental
Congress.
He commanded a light division in
the Battle of Yorktown and was a
close associate of George
Washington.
Thomas Paine
(1737-1809)
Revolutionary War writer,
gained fame as author of
Common Sense, The Crisis,
The Rights of Man and The
Age of Reason. Served in the
War as aide to Gen.
Nathanael Greene, and
appointed by Congress as
secretary to the committee on
foreign affairs. In his later
years, he established himself
as "a missionary of world
revolution."
Benedict Arnold
(1741-1801)
Prominent U.S. army officer,
secretly arranged with British
Major John Andre to hand
over West Point to British;
after discovery of his treason
he fled to the British side,
became General in British
Army, led raids against
American forces.
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/writings/arnold/arnlet1.html
Benedict Arnold's Letter to
The Inhabitants of America
As reported in
The London Chronicle
of November 11-14, 1780
After Benedict Arnold betrayed his country and donned the uniform of a British officer, he wrote
a letter in an attempt to vindicate his actions. In an address entitled A Letter To The Inhabitants
of America, Arnold sought to defend his conduct, and urged others in America to follow his
example.
He said that he always thought the Declaration of Independence to be hastily-conceived and illconsidered. He blamed Congress for having plunged the people into a long and expensive war,
without first submitting the matter to a vote.
In its Postscript section the London Chronicle printed the full text of Arnold's Letter.
Obituary of Benedict Arnold
Columbian Centinel
Saturday, August 1, 1801
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/obits/arnold.html
Review
 Patriot and Loyalist Matching Game:





http://www.oswego.org/ocsdweb/match/term/matchgeneric2.asp?filename=rburgessp
atloy
Paul Revere film:
http://www.earlyamerica.com/paul_revere.htm
Questions on Revere film:
http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ss5/b/revprevmovli.cf
m
Benedict Arnold film:
http://www.earlyamerica.com/benedict.html
Questions on Arnold film:
http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ss5/b/revleadmov.cfm
George Washington film (11 min) :
http://www.earlyamerica.com/gwlife2.html
Portrait of Charles Cornwallis
(1738-1805)
A British general and colonial
governor, Gen. Charles
Cornwallis served with distinction
during the American Revolution.
He won the battle of Brandywine
and captured Philadelphia in 1777
and Charleston in 1780 — but
was finally forced to surrender to
Washington at Yorktown in 1781,
ending the war.
Nathanael Greene
(1742-1786)
Revolutionary War
General, studied law
under Thomas
Jefferson, led
American forces in
major battles,
supreme
commander of
Continental Army in
Sept., 1780; his
battlefield strategy
forced Cornwallis to
Yorktown.
Baron von Steuben
(1730-1794)
Served under Washington
at Valley Forge, inspector
general of Continental
Army, trained troops &
wrote drill manual
adopted by Continental
Army, commanded a
division at Battle of
Yorktown, military planner
to Washington following
end of the War.
Portrait of John
Adams
(1735-1826)
John Adams was one of
the Founding Fathers of
the United States. He
served as second
President of the United
States, first vicepresident of the U.S.,
and as a member of the
Continental Congress.
He helped draft the
Declaration of
Independence and
helped negotiate the
treaty of Paris with
England in 1783.
Thomas Jefferson
(1743-1826)
Founding father. Author of the
Declaration of Independence and
the Virginia statute for religious
freedom, member of the
Continental Congress, statesman,
diplomat, Secretary of State, VicePresident, 3rd President of the
United States, founder of the
University of Virginia.
Death of Thomas
Jefferson and John
Adams
Death of George
Washington
Death of Martha Washington