The Vikings in Buckinghamshire
The Romans
• Akeman Street
• Fleet Marston
settlement
• Weedon Hill
Early Saxons
Walton
Early Vikings
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In 1885 a Viking spearhead was found in the
River Thame with Saxon weapons near Stone
Bridge on the Bicester Road.
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In 1896 a Viking spearhead was found at the foot
of Castle Hill in Buckingham.
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In 1926 two Saxon or Viking spearheads were
found in Lavender’s Pit, Iver.
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A Viking spearhead was found in the River
Thames near Marlow.
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In 1856, 1860 and 1958, Viking weapons were
found around Sashes Island in the River
Thames.
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Viking battleaxe found at Bolter’s Lock, Taplow.
Late Saxons
• Sashes Island in the River
Thames was probably made
into a burh in the 10th century.
• Aylesbury was made into a
burh; the ditch was possibly
found at Bourbon Street.
• There were two burhs at
Buckingham, built by Edward
the Elder in AD 914.
Buckingham burhs
Late Vikings
• A Viking or Saxon pin was
found at Poynetts in the 1930s.
• A Viking ring was found in the
ground of Weston Turville
manor house in 1922.
• A Viking stirrup mount was
found in Fingest.
• A Viking armlet was found at
Wendover.
Danelaw
The 11th century AD
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Cnut: 1016-35
Harold I: 1035-1040
Harthacnut: 1040-1042
Edward the Confessor: 1042-1066
Harold II: 1066
William: 1066-1087
Place names
Viking
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Akr: Acre
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Beck: Stream
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Booth: Summer
pasture
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By: Farm; Village
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Ey: Island
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Falh: Fallow
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Fell; How: Hill or
mound
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Fiord: Fiord
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Fiskr: Fish
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Gardr: Yard; landing
place
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Garth: Enclosure
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Gate: Road
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Geit: Goat
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Gill: Ravine or valley
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Halh: Hall
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Ho: Hill/spur
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Holm(r): Island
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Hus: House
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Ings: Marsh; meadow
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Kald: Cold
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Kelda: Spring, stream
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Kirk: Church
Laithe: Barn
Lin: Flax
Lund: Grove
Melr: Sandbank
Orme: Serpent
Pollr: Pool
Skar: Cleft
Sker: Rock
Slack: Stream in a valley
Stakkr: Rock in the sea
Stan: Stone
Stokkr: Sound
Tarn: Lake
Thing: Meeting place
Thorp: Daughter
settlement
Thwaite: Forest clearing;
meadow
Toft: Homestead
Wath: Ford
Wray: Remote place
Saxon
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Bourne: Stream
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Burn: Stream
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Burg: Fortified settlement
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Croft: Small enclosure
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Cot: Small hut
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Delph: Ditch, dyke or
stream
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Den(n): Pig pasture
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Don: Hill
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Eg; Ey; Ea; Eig: Island
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Fall: Area cleared of trees
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Fen: Fen
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Field: Field
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Ham: Village
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Hurst: Clearing
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Ing: People
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Lake: Lake
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Ley; Lea: Clearing
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Low: Burial mound
Mere: Pool
Moor: Moor
Moss: Swamp
Riding; Rod: Cleared
land
Stead: place
Stoc: Summer pasture
Stoke: 'Daughter'
settlement
Stow: Holy Place
Ton; Tun: House; Farm
Weald; Wold; High
Woodland
Wic; Wike: Farm; Group
of huts
Wood: Wood
Worth: Fenced land
Worthy: Enclosed land
Quarrendon
Wing
Stowe
Taplow
Fingest
Skirmett
Dorney
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The Vikings in Buckinghamshire