SSUSH19 The student will identify the origins, major developments, and the domestic impact of World War II, especially the growth of the federal government. a. Explain A. Philip Randolph’s proposed march on Washington, D.C., and President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s response. b. Explain the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the internment of Japanese- Americans, German-Americans, and Italian-Americans. c. Explain major events; include the lend-lease program, the Battle of Midway, D-Day, and the fall of Berlin. d. Describe war mobilization, as indicated by rationing, war-time conversion, and the role of women in war industries. e. Describe the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos and the scientific, economic, and military implications of developing the atomic bomb. f. Compare the geographic locations of the European Theater and the Pacific Theater and the difficulties the U.S. faced in delivering weapons, food, and medical supplies to troops. Domestic Impacts of WWII • A. Philip Randolph- Civil rights leader who proposed protest marches on Washington, D.C.. • Roosevelt’s response- didn’t want to undermine wartime unity of nation. Passed legislation to provide fair hiring practices within businesses. WWII Domestic Impacts of WWII • Pearl Harbor- Surprise attack on American military base in Hawaii on Dec. 7th 1941. • Internment of Japanese, Germans, Italianstemporarily imprisonment or isolation by federal government(camps). Fear of “enemy aliens” from Axis Nations. Possible arrest, deportation, fingerprinting, curfew, travel restrictions. Major Events • Lend Lease Program- passed in 1941, allowed president Roosevelt to sell or lend supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the U.S.. • Battle of Midway- turning point of WWII in the pacific in which Japanese advance was stopped. Major Events • D-Day- June 6th 1944, Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France. Attacked German Forces. • Fall of Berlin- May 7th 1945. V-E Day, Allies surround German capital of Berlin, Germany surrenders. Manhattan Project • Manhattan Project- secret project to create an atomic bomb in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Started in 1942, cost several billion dollars and employed tens of thousands. • Hiroshima- Aug 6th 1945, 60,000 dead instantly • Nagasaki- Aug 9th 1945, 35,000 dead instantly • Over 200,000 died (injuries, radiation) Theaters of War • WWII fought on two fronts. European Theater and the Pacific Theater. • European Theater- Germany fought Allies on two sides. Russia on eastern side and France, Great Britain, and U.S. on the western side. • Pacific Theater- fighting that occurred in the pacific, mostly between U.S. and Japan. Ended by A-Bomb.