Development of Sustainable and Diverse Cultural
Landscapes in Surface Mining Areas
The Greening Deserts projects focus on sustainability and diversity, especially
for greening and research camps in surface mining landscapes. The projects
act lawful and forward-looking in the context of the experiences, possibilities
and knowledge. Here are some important points.
• Vote and exchange with the relevant authorities, such as the nature
conservation authority
• Other good or potential cultures, international developments and projects
should also be integrated, through exchanging and sharing of
experiences, research and development of better or new greening
procedures and cultivation of potential crops for land and water
• Offers of social and cultural programs, guided tours, trainings, workshops
and events
• Processing and offering a comprehensive sociocultural program with art
and music, free of charge and paid
• Exhibitions from and for art, not just landscape art
• Observation, integration and creation of traditional cultural landscapes in
post-mining landscapes, for example through typical healthy vegetation
(mixed forests) and species diversity (diversity)
• Promoting the cultivation of flowering plants and protection of insects
• Botanical gardens or parks with plants and animals from all over the
world can be integrated very well into extraneous natural areas or
• A good idea is to establish the allotment gardens (allotments) in
opencast mining or surface mining landscapes
• Integration of schools, universities and other educational institutions in
the developments and development processes
• Sustainable landscape and nature oriented recreation for national and
international tourism with the best possible natural experience, cultural
and artistic life experience
• Cultivation of agricultural or cultivated crops like bamboo, potatoes,
hemp or cannabis – they are great plants for top soil production
• Connection of culture and nature with relation to forestry and agriculture
• Lectures, photo and film shows, information and teaching events
In the case of extensive interventions in the landscape and nature (protective
goods such as nature reserves), an environmental impact assessment (EIA) is
prepared, although this is usually only necessary if a spatial planning or
planning procedure is necessary. The assessment of environmental impact
should be carried out not only voluntarily and for the site search, but also for
all projects which could have a significant impact on the protection of the
protected goods.
Author: Oliver Gediminas Caplikas /

Development of Sustainable and Diverse Cultural Landscapes in Surface Mining Areas