What is common in Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is the most stigmatized and misunderstood disorder, generates more confusion even
for the best of the psychologists. The word schizophrenia literally means ‘split mind’, but contrary to
popular belief, the condition has nothing to do with a split in personality or multiple personalities.
The term instead refers to what is sometimes called a ‘split from reality’.
Schizophrenia is a chronic condition for men in their early to mid-20s and women in their late
20s.For some the disorder comes on gradually, but for others it can arise more suddenly, perhaps
triggered by stress or trauma, although no event can actually cause the disorder. It shrouded in
Once thought of as a single discreet condition, schizophrenia is now included in the DSM-5 as a point
on a spectrum of disorders that vary in how they are expressed and how long they last, but they
share similar symptoms.
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are currently thought of as characterized by disorganized thinking,
emotions, and behaviors that are often incongruent with their situations, and disturbed perceptions,
including delusions and hallucinations.
Some symptoms are:
Loss of contact with reality
They all involve a kind of loss of contact with reality on some level.
The resulting behaviors and mental states associated with this break from reality are generally called
‘psychotic symptoms’ and they usually impair the ability to function. When someone experiences
psychotic symptoms their thinking and speech become disorganized rambling and fragmented. This
tendency to pick up one train of thought and suddenly switching to another can, make
communication painfully difficult.
Breakdown in selective attention
People exhibiting these symptoms can also suffer a breakdown in selective attention, losing the
ability to focus on one thing while filtering others out.
Fragmented speech
In extreme cases, speech may become so fragmented that it becomes little more than a string of
meaningless words.
Classic schizophrenia is often merged by delusions and false beliefs not based in reality. The
delusions can be rooted in ideas of grandeur like “I’m the queen of England’; ‘I won an Olympic gold
Or they can be narratives of persecution and paranoia, believing your thoughts and actions are being
controlled by an outsideforce or that you are being spied, fooled or that you are on the verge of a
major catastrophe.
And there are some complicated variations on these delusions, like feeling that you have died and
don’t exist anymore or that someone is madly in love with you or that you are infested with a
Delusions of one kind or anothercan strike as many as four out of five people with schizophrenia
Many people with schizophrenia also suffer from perceptual disturbances, or sensory experiences
that come without any apparent sensory stimulation, like hallucinations. This when a person sees or
hears something that isn’t there, often lacking the ability to understand what is real and what isn’t.
Auditory hallucinations or hearing voices are most common form and these voices are often abusive.
It’s as if your inner monologue, that conversation that you have with yourself or the random things
that float through your head, were somehow coming from outside of you. It’s as if you couldn’t sort
out whether the voices in your mind were internal and self-generated or external and other
Other common symptoms include disorganized, abnormal, or incongruent behavior and emotions.
This could mean laughing when recalling a loved one’s death or crying while others are laughing.
Acting like goofy child one minute, then becoming unpredictably angry or agitated
Unpredictable Movements
Movements may become inappropriate and compulsive, like continually rocking back and forth or
remaining motionless for hours.
Through proper treatment some schizophrenic patients not only overcame their illness but also
made fantastic contributions to the world.
Change in mood
Continuous shifts in mood, poor health and hygiene is also a common symptom.
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What is common in Schizophrenia