Name: _______________________
Non Factorable Quadratics – Discriminant
Date: ___________
Algebra I Common Core
Interpreting the Discriminant
Sheet # 17-04
The expression  −  in the Quadratic Formula is called the discriminant.
Because the discriminant is under the radical symbol, you can use the value of the
discriminant to determine the number of real solutions of a quadratic equation and
the number of x-intercepts of the graph of the related function.
A Quadratic Equation will have…
Two Irrational Solutions
Two Rational Solutions
when the discriminant is
when the discriminant is
Example:  2 + 5 − 1
Example: 2 2 + 7 − 4
One Rational Solution [Equal] No Real Solutions [Imaginary]
when the discriminant is
Example:  2 + 4 + 4
when the discriminant is
Example:  2 − 6 + 10
1
Match each discriminant in the chart with the appropriate description of the nature of the roots and the possible graph.
Discriminant
b 2  4ac
Nature of the Roots
Possible Graph
Nature of the Roots
I.
Two Real and Rational Roots
II.
Two Real and Irrational Roots
III.
One Real and Rational Root.
IV.
No Real Solutions or Imaginary Solutions
0
25
-25
54
Graph A
2
How many real solutions does the
equation  2 − 5 − 3 have?
Justify your answer.
Graph B
3
Graph C
How many real solutions does the
equation 4 2 + 2 + 3 have?
Justify your answer.
Graph D
4
How many real solutions does the
equation 4 2 + 4 + 1 have?
Justify your answer.
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Sheet 17-04

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