Chapter 19-1
Clothing Needs
Factors that influence
clothing decisions
 Physical Needs
 Protection
 Psychological Needs
 Adornment
 Social Needs
 Identification
 Modesty
 Status
Physical Needs
Protection
 Weather
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Cold temperatures
Sunshine
High winds
Rain
Protection
 Environmental Dangers
 Provide physical protection from dirt, insects,
and harmful agents
 Shoes for rough terrain
 Jackets with hoods to keep insects away
 Life jackets when near/on a body of water
 Space suits
Protection
 Workplace Hazards
 Guard against bruises, cuts, burns, etc.
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Hard hats
Safety goggles
Gloves
Reflective clothing (vests)
 Sterile gloves, face masks, for medical
professionals
 Specialized garments to protect against
contamination, chemicals, radiation and fires
 Athletes wear helmets, gloves, pads, and shoes
Protection
 Against Enemies
 body shields and suits of armor in past
 Military
 Helmets
 Pockets & belts to hold weapons
 Camouflage fabric
 Police officers –bullet proof vests
 Some cultures believe clothing can protect
against evil spirits, illness, etc
 good luck charms
 Medallions
 Many of your physical needs for clothing
are determined by your lifestyle
 Lifestyle – a person’s way of life or style
of living
 Daily activities dictate most clothing
choices
Psychological
Needs
Adornment - decoration
 Provides psychological feeling of well being through
beauty
 Wearing clothes that enhance your appearance can boost your
self-esteem
 Certain colors, fabrics, and styles of clothing can affect how you
feel
 Adornment is found in various cultures through history
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Paint
Jewelry
Body scarring
Hair styles
Fabrics differ by culture
 Through adornment we can express creativity and
individuality
 Clothing contributes to feeling of self-respect, self
acceptance and self esteem
Social Needs
Group Identification
 Group identity shown by dressing like
those with whom you associate
 Satisfies need to belong
 Profession
 Social group
 Country of heritage
Group Identification
 Uniforms are one way to indicate belonging to a
group
 Outfits or articles of clothing identify those who wear
them with a group
 Athletes
 Military personnel
 Students
 Unwritten rules of dress-people of same age, etc. dress
alike
 Some groups use certain colors or symbols to identify their
members
 Sororities & fraternities (Greek letters)
Group Identification
 Dress codes – standards of dress that are
enforced in a social setting
 Formal dress codes are based on the belief
that how people dress tends to affect their
behavior
 work
 school
 Informal dress codes exist in society and
reflect popular beliefs about modesty
Modesty
 The covering of a person’s body according
to the code of decency of that person’s
society
 Dictates the proper way to cover the body for
social acceptance
 Molded by our culture and social system
 Standards of our society about modesty have
changed
Status
 A person’s position or rank in comparison to
others
 High status associated with recognition, prestige
and social acceptance
 Clothing used to gain a higher rank in society
 People willing to pay extra for garments with most desired
labels and logos
 Shows others what they’ve achieved
 Military uniform – stripes
 Scouts – badges
 Athletic letter
Choosing Clothes for Specific
Occasions
 Different types of clothes are needed for
different occasions
 Formal attire for a wedding or a prom
 Career attire for a job interview
 Choosing the right clothes for the
occasion can greatly influence your
personal effectiveness
 If you are uncertain about what to wear
for an occasion, check with others
Did You Know?
 Your attire for a job
interview depends on
the type of job. Wear
clothes a step more
formal than employees
wear every day. Make
sure your clothes are
clean and neat.
© Stephen Coburn/Shutterstock
Special Needs
 Some people, such as
older adults or people
with disabilities, may
need clothes that are
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comfortable
easy care
easy to get on and off
easy to move in
© Dmitriy Shironosov/Shutterstock
Elastic waist, knit fabrics, simple fasteners, larger openings
Warm-up
September 10, 2014
Create a T chart indicating the pros and
cons of school uniforms.
Warm-up
September 9, 2014
 What are three types of needs met by
clothing?